Papers by Keyword: Lithium

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Authors: G. Morrison, M.A. Alario-Franco, E. Moran, Alan V. Chadwick
Authors: Chi Yang
Abstract: The reaction of N2 with lithium at electrode in lithium ion batteries was reported in this paper. At room temperature, N2 can react with lithium, mainly at anode, to form Li3N in an electrochemical system very easily during charge-discharge cycles. Li3N has been characterized by XPS. Experimental results also revealed that the higher of the current density and higher of the temperature resulted in quicker of the nitrogen-fixation reaction. The reaction can be brought about almost completely in the lithium ion batteries at room temperature. This could be a new method for preparation of Li3N at room temperature.
Authors: Yin An Ming, Ying Ru Wang, Zheng Liu, Fu Rong Zhou
Abstract: In this paper, the mechanism that lithium-modified rectorite (Rec-Li) and raw rectorite adsorbed methylene blue dye in wastewater was investigated, and the adsorption properties of the two adsorbents were also compared. The results showed that the static saturated adsorption capacity of raw rectorite was 77.75mg/g, however, the capacity of lithium-modified rectorite was up to 189.62mg/g, the adsorption efficiency was increased by 144%. Therefore, the adsorption capacity of Rec-Li to methylene blue was much higher than raw rectorite. The Rec-Li and raw rectorite were characterized respectively by means of fourier transform infrared spectrophotometer (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM) and colloid index measurement. The analysis indicated that, after modification by lithium, the colloid index was changed from 12mL/3g to 198mL/3g and the interlayer spacing was changed from 0.01~0.1μm to 1~1.5μm. With the increasing of the colloid index, the dispersion effect of adsorbent in wastewater and the contact area between adsorbent and pollutants were improved. And the increase of interlayer spacing was conducive to pollutants entering the hole and so that the adsorption capacity of Rec-Li was increased significantly.
Authors: Yue Long Liu, Jia Liu
Abstract: The crystalline structure of lepidolite is introduced in this paper, its application in lithium ion battery is paid attention. Because of the extraction difficulties from brines in China, it is necessary to take advantage of lepidolite resources, driven by the huge economic benefit and social benefit requirements. The components and particle size distributions of lipodilites in Yichun and Yifeng are experimentally analyzed.
Authors: Patricia Valério, Faik N. Oktar, G. Göller, L.S. Ozyegin, A.P.M. Shainberg, Alfredo Goes, M. Fatima Leite
Abstract: Fifteen different lithium-hydroxyapatite composites were tested in this work. LiHA were prepared using 0.25 %, 1 % and 2 % of lithium and five different sintering temperature 900, 1000, 1100, 1200 and 1300oC. Primary culture of osteoblasts were used to evaluate the biocompatibility of the samples, concerning to cell viability and alkaline phosphatase production. The 1% LiHA samples sintered at 1100, 1200 and 13000C showed the best results.
Authors: H.P. Gislason, B.H. Yang
Authors: Sergey Anatolevich Sozykin, Valeriy Petrovich Beskachko, G.P. Vyatkin
Abstract: The adsorption of lithium atoms on carbon nanotubes with double vacancy structural defects (2V-defect) is being studied with first-principle modeling. The structure of defective tubes in ground state is considered, the role of effects related to finite sizes of a model is evaluated. It is demonstrated that the location of a carbon 8-ring formed by 2V-defect above the center is the most preferable for a lithium atom.
Authors: Wen Ten Kuo, Chih Chien Liu, Wei Chien Wang
Abstract: This study used Type I Portland cement with Na2Oeq of 0.67% to fabricate a mortar specimen with w/c ratio of 0.5 and a dimension of φ10  3 cm. The 7 volume fractions of aggregate (Vf) were adjusted to 0, 10, 20, 30, 40, 50 and 60%, and Acceleration Lithium Migration Technique (ALMT) experiments with 9 A/m2 constant current density were performed. The results show that for specimen with Vf of 10%, the negative effects on ion migration generated by aggregate dilution and tortuosity effects were the greatest; therefore, the removal times of Na + and K+, the time it took for Li+ to pass through the specimen and the time for Li+ to reach steady state were all longer than in the other experiments. When Vf was increased to 20 and 30%, the negative effect from the dilution and the tortuosity effects generated by the increase in Vf was cancelled the positive effect from ITZ on ion migration. When Vf was increased to over 30%, the percolation effect from ITZ controlled the behavior of ion migration. During the ALMT experiment, the anode steadily produced a large amount of O2, while the cathode produced a small amount of H2.
Authors: Tze Qing Tan, Rozana Aina Maulat Osman, Mohd Sobri Idris
Abstract: The layered LiNi1/3Mn1/3Co1/3O2 ­­ that formed with the α-NaFeO2 structure were synthesised by conventional solid state method. Rietveld refinement results indicated that the amount of cation disorder (or known as interlayer mixing) affected by temperature. The samples that prepared at 950°C in oxygen possessed slightly lower amount of interlayer mixing and excellent cycling performance compared to samples that prepared at 900°C. The initial charge-discharge capacity delivered was ~204 mAh/g and ~140 mAh/g, respectively. Furthermore, the structural and electrochemical properties were quite comparable to reported in literatures.
Authors: David M. Carrick, Simon Hogg, Geoffrey D. Wilcox
Abstract: This paper discusses two Al-Cu alloys for aerospace applications, one which has a high concentration (>1.8 wt.%) of Li. These alloys are AA2024-T3 (Al-Cu) and AA2099-T8E77 (Al-Cu-Li) and are both in the plate format. Anodic polarisation and immersion in a 3.5 wt.% NaCl solution have been carried out and a comparison of the corrosion mechanisms have been made. Both alloys showed extensive corrosion over the surface, AA2024-T3, however, had areas of pitting that had joined together forming large corrosion regions, whereas AA2099-T8E77 had numerous corrosion pits that had not merged. The pits on AA2099-T8E77 propagated to a depth ~120 µm whereas on AA2024-T3 the maximum depth was ~85 µm. Intergranular and transgranular corrosion was also observed on the AA2024-T3 alloy following anodic polarisation. AA2099-T8E77 had reduced corrosion resistance with regards to Epit-Ecorr values. For both alloys, dissolution of matrix material surrounding the Cu-rich intermetallic particles was observed, highlighting the particles’ cathodic nature.
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