Papers by Keyword: Lubricant

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Authors: Mazouzi Redha, Kellaci Ahmed, Karas Abdelkader, Khelidj Benyoucef
Abstract: The piston secondary motion significantly influences the tribologicalcharacteristics in an internal combustion engine, such as the piston slapphenomenon and the frictional power loss.An analytical treatment was conducted to investigate piston motion and a computer program was written to predict optimum designs for high mechanical efficiency. This paper focuses on an analysis of the piston dynamic response. By coupling FDM for thehydrodynamic pressure field with the FEM for the piston deformation, wenumerically approximate the lubricantstructure interaction in an internalcombustion engine.
Authors: Hiroaki Takadama, Mineo Mizuno
Abstract: The calf serum solution was defined as the international standard lubricant for wear characterization of artificial hip joints. It is, however, known that its composition varies according to age, manufacturing processes or production areas of bovine cattle, and that the difference in composition has large effect on the wear characterization. It was difficult to compare the results obtained by different laboratories. Therefore, it is desirable to develop an artificial lubricant whose composition can be always set to a specified value as an alternative to bovine serum. In the present study, the effect of each major constituent in bovine serum on wear property was studied by hip simulator. As a result, transparent and stable lubricant solutions were prepared. It showed quite similar wear property to bovine serum by controlling the composition. These results serve as a guide to propose the new lubricant suitable for the wear characterization of hip joint.
Authors: Zhi Yu Xiao, M.Y. Ke, Wei Ping Chen, D.H. Ni, Yuan Yuan Li
Abstract: The application of warm compaction in stainless steel powders has not been formally reported by now. In this paper, the warm compacting behavior of 316L stainless steel powders had been studied. Results showed that warm compaction was effective in improving the green density and strength of 316L stainless steel powders. Under the compacting pressure of 800 MPa, warm compacted density was 0.20 g/cm3 higher than cold compacted one, and green strength was 52% higher. The optimum warm compacting temperature was 110±10°C. With die wall lubricated warm compaction, the internal lubricant content can be reduced by 0.5 wt%.
Authors: Young Suk Kim, Jun Young Park, Seo Gou Choi, Hyun Sung Son, Seung Han Yang
Authors: Mojtaba Dehghan, Fathallah Qods, Mahdi Gerdooei, Javad Doai
Abstract: Friction is a major factor in determining the characteristics ofmetals as they are forged.Regularand efficient lubrication is one of the best ways in controlling friction and wear in this process.One of the best ways of testing the lubricant is the ringCompression test. In this research the effect of mixed graphite in water and also the effect of the amount of graphite in the lubricant in the reduction of friction between the sample-die are calculated using the ring test. Friction behavior is changed fromsticking friction to sliding frictionby using the lubricant; but the changes in the amount of graphite in water didnot have a great effect on the reduction of the friction coefficient. Furthermore, after viewing differences in the friction coefficients calculated by the means of FE analysis and the friction calibration curves, it is concluded that the sole calibration curves could not be used for hot working conditions.
Authors: Witsarut Sriratana, Riichi Murayama
Abstract: This study presents an application of Hall Effect sensor to assess the viscosity of industrial lubricant by using reference metal particles with the dimension ranging from 1 µm to 100 µm and the mass ranging from 0.1 g to 1 g as the essential modules of the developed system. Hall Effect sensor is a small electronic component which is easy for installing, analyzing, and processing due to electrical output generated. Moreover, the cost of this developed method is lower than other means of viscosity tests. At present, there are several studies on viscosity and quality tests of industrial lubricants such as Ultrasonic measurement of viscosity of liquids [1], Photoacoustic measurement of liquid viscosity [2], Measurement of magnetic viscosity in NdFeB [3], A viscosity and density meter with a magnetically suspended rotor [4], Capacitive sensor [5], IR-Absorption [6], and Optical fiber sensing [7]. In this study, the measurement methodology was considered only the lubricant viscosity at the temperature of 26 °C and then compared the results to the viscosity classification which is the reference of lubricant characteristic. Moreover, the lubricant types namely SAE 15W-40, SAE 20W-50 and ISO VG 100 were selected as the case studies.
Authors: Hae Suk Kang, Jae Young Lee, Bo Kyong Kim, Tae Soon Kwon
Abstract: Soil pollution around railroad sites is mainly caused by heavy oils such as diesel and lubricants. In particular, the majority of contamination in soil around railroad turnouts is caused by oil that drips off of railcars and lubricants that leak during vehicle maintenance. Generally, removing lubricants from contaminated soil is more difficult than removing diesel, due to the properties of the respective oils. This study aims to investigate alternative remediation method of lubricant-contaminated soils around railroad turnouts. The EK-Fenton process was used to clean up the lubricant-contaminated railroad soil. Several operating conditions were tested, including the concentration of hydrogen peroxide, and electrolyte types and concentrations. We determined that the removal efficiency was affected by the amount of EOF in the soil and its oxidizing capacity. The TPH removal efficiency was greatest at 0.1 M of NaCl electrolyte and 5 % (v/v) of hydrogen peroxide. This shows that the in-situ EK-Fenton process is a promising remediation technique for decontaminating railroad soil polluted with lubricant oil.
Authors: Zhuo Jun Chen, Long Long Feng
Abstract: This article use the Sulphide Isobutene, Five Sulfides Dialkyl, and Star of Phosphorus as the additives, Neopentyl Polyol Ester (NPE) as base oil for screening lubricant formulation. The purpose of this article is screening the lubricant additives formula. Apply the BP neural network method in optimization design. Through the optimization of lubricant additive formula select the best formula for experiment. The selected best formula is Sulphide Isobutene 0.8%(mass percent), Five Sulfides Dialkyl 1.2%(mass percent) , Star of Phosphorus 1.6%(mass percent), relative error is 0.089.After validation experiment,it is conclusion that S-type blends with P-type additive use will acquire good result, and the method of optimal convergence faster, the forecast precision test is satisfied.
Authors: Quan Yi Wang, Yan Wang, Shun Yao, Hang Song
Abstract: The chemical modified Idesia polycarpa Maxim. var. vestita Diels (IPMVVD) oil as a biodegradable lubricant was described in the paper. IPMVVD oil was modified by epoxidation and reaction of ring opening to resolve poor oxidative stability and low-temperature fluidity when vegetable oils as lubricants directly. The effects of the parameters in the process were studied, and then the product was evaluated. The results showed that the modified IPMVVD oil had higher viscosity index and superior oxidative stability comparing with unmodified oil; its mixtures with Dioctyl phthalate (DOP) offered a wide range of kinematic viscosities and lower pour point (-22°C), displayed preferable low temperature performance.
Authors: Shariff Ibrahim, Siti Noor Inani Binti Baharuddin, Borhanuddin Ariffin, Megat Ahmad Kamal Megat Hanafiah, Nesamalar Kantasamy
Abstract: Cogon grass (Imperata cylindrica), an invasive, unwanted grass was used and evaluated for its applicability for the sorption of engine oil. Other than dried and ground for smaller size, no notable treatment was performed on the cogon grass. The physical and chemical properties of cogon grass were characterized by ash content, bulk density, pH slurry, and Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy (FESEM). The oil sorption was performed in a batch adsorption system. The effects of contact time, dosage of adsorbent and oil retention were investigated. The bulk density and ash content of the prepared carbon was 0.34 g/ml and 7.80 %, respectively. The pH slurry value was near neutrality (6.48). FESEM micrograph of cogon grass showed jagged and rough surface. FTIR spectra revealed the presence of aromatic rings of lignin and some aromatic compounds associated with CH. Carbon, hydrogen and nitrogen (CHN) analysis revealed that 41% of cogon grass consists of carbon. The cogon grass was observed to wet oil almost instantly with sorption equilibrium time of 5 min. The dose of cogon grass was found to slightly affect the sorption capacity. Oil retention experiments reveal the good ability of cogon grass to hold oil with about 96% retention after 24 h dripping. This study may provide an insight on the usefulness of cogon grass for removal of engine oils.
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