Papers by Keyword: Mesoporous Material

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Authors: Ping Ge, Feng Ting Li, Hong Yang
Abstract: The present paper is aimed to investigate and develop renewable adsorption methods for four dyes removal from wastewater using pore-expanding mesoporous material. The sorption kinetics, sorption thermodynamic and the renewable adsorption test were evaluated. The adsorption process attained equilibrium within 60min, which show that the adsorbent can remove of the dye in a short time. It was shown that the process best described by the pseudo-second-order equation. Various thermodynamic activation parameters such as enthalpy of sorption △H, Gibbs energy change △G and entropy △S were estimated. The negative values of △G indicate that adsorption of dye with the adsorbent was spontaneous, while positive △H values indicative of endothermic nature of the adsorption. The negative △S values for the adsorbents show decreased randomness at the solid solution interface during the adsorption of dye. The adsorbent, washed by NaOH, can be reused by regeneration decolorizing process.
Authors: Yan Yan Zhang, Dong Quan Du, Liu Yi Zhang, Cai Yun Han, Si Wei Xu, Yong Ming Luo
Abstract: This paper reports the adsorption of Cr(VI) ions from aqueous solution by organic-inorganic hybrid mesoporous material. Adsorbents were prepared with the DTAB,TTAB,CTAB and STAB for organic component synthesis organic-inorganic hybrid mesoporous material(HM), namely HMD, HMT, HMC and HMS. The best adsorption hexavalent chromium experimental conditions is obtained after having orthogonal experiment.
Authors: Shu Dong Wang, Song Cheng, Jian Zhang, Hai Ying Zhao, Xun Jing Ma, Xiao Min Zhu
Abstract: In the present study, organic-inorganic hybrid mesoporous material (HMC) were used to optimize the removal rate for Cr (VI) by applying Response Surface Methodological approach. Batch mode experiments were also carried out to assess the adsorption equilibrium in aqueous solution. The effect of three parameters, that is pH of the solution (1.52.5), initial concentration (100500 mg/L) and adsorbent dose (0.050.15 g/ 50 mL) was studied for the removal of Cr (VI) by HMC. BoxBehnken model was used as an experimental design. The optimum pH, adsorbent dose and initial Cr (VI) concentration were found to be 2.0, 0.05 g/L and 500 mg/L, respectively. Under these conditions removal adsorption capacity of Cr (VI) was found to be 337..
Authors: Xing Xing Gu, Ya Han, Jin Jin Chen, Jian Rong Chen
Abstract: Due to their large surface areas, high pore volumes, relatively even distributions of pore sizes, surfaces enriched with unsaturated groups and orderly long-range structures, the mesoporous materials have been widely applied in industries such as chemical, biomedical, environmental protection and functional materials. In recent years, many scientists have demonstrated that the mesoporous molecular sieves have better adsorption of dyes in wastewater. This paper reviews the applications of different types of mesoporous adsorbents for removal of dyes in wastewater. It also presents the challenges and prospects in using the mesoporous materials for dye removal in wastewater treatment.
Authors: Jia Feng Wu, Yu Mei Zhao, Peng Liang
Abstract: A series of mesoporous materials Sn-SBA-16 was prepared by one-step hydrothermal synthesis with F127, TEOS and SnCl4•5H2O as template, silica source and tin source, respectively, without mineral acid added. The samples were characterized by XRD, N2 sorption, TEM and UV–Vis. The acidity property of acidic sites in the surface of the samples was investigated by pyridine-absorbed FT-IR. The results indicate that the materials exhibit high surface area and uniform pore distribution. The samples contain both Lewis and Brönsted acid sites, moreover, the total concentration of both Lewis and Brönsted acid sites increases with the decrease of the ratio of Si to Sn. And Lewis acid site plays the dominate role.
Authors: Peng Zeng, Yi Wen Fang, Xin Liu, Dong Lin Wang, Yuan Hu, Chang Yong Sun, Yi Bing Song
Abstract: kinds of Al2O3 were synthesized by using aluminum nitrate as the aluminum source, glucose, lactic acid and citric acid as templates respectively. It is showed that all Al2O3 were mesoporous materials due to their BET surface area results. The Al2O3-glu, synthesized by using glucose as a template, demonstrated fine pore shape, larger surface area and pore volume. The Ce0.1Cu0.9O1.1/Al2O3-glu catalyst exhibited good performance for dimethyl ether(DME) Combustion. La-doping can promote its catalytic activity. Over La0.4-Ce0.1Cu0.9O1.1/ Al2O3-glu catalyst, the DME combustion temperature(T10) was 493 K and the complete combustion temperature(T90) was 498 K. The life test result indicated its catalytic activity without any reduce even after 100 h reaction.
Authors: D. Yang, Ming Fen Wen, Ch.L. Song, Jian Chen, Yong Wan Gu
Abstract: Herein mesoporous CeO2 with high thermal stability was synthesized via a new hydroxycarbonates based hydrothermal threatment approach in present of hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB). IR and XRD prove the coexistence of hydroxycarbonate cerium and CTAB in precursors. TEM micrographs show that non-ordered pore structure is formed in the product, and average particle size of 20 nm is obtained even after calcined at 1173 K. BET results exhibit that the pore structure is stable when the calcination temperature is below 923 K. However, While calcinated at 1173 K, the average particle size is 20 nm, the BET surface area and pore volume can remain as high as 31.07 m2/g and 0.21 cm3 g-1.
Authors: Xiao Hui Wang
Abstract: A series of zinc oxide-modified mesoporous SBA-15 materials were synthesized. The desulphurization test with a gas mixture containing 0.1 vol % hydrogen sulfide was carried out on these materials. Materials before and after the desulphurization test were analyzed using a variety of characterization techniques. The results suggest that zinc oxide modification can accelerate the transformation from a mesoporous to a zeolitic phase. The sample with the zinc content higher than 15.5 wt % shows the highest hydrogen sulfide breakthrough capacity up to 177.3 mg S/g.
Authors: Anahí Philippart, Elena Boccardi, Lucia Pontiroli, Ana Maria Beltrán, Alexandra Inayat, Chiara Vitale-Brovarone, Wilhelm Schwieger, Erdmann Spiecker, Aldo Roberto Boccaccini
Abstract: Novel silica-based bioactive glasses were successfully prepared by the sol-gel method. The optimized glass composition for fabrication of the scaffolds was (in mol.%) 60% SiO2 – 30% CaO - 5% Na2O - 5% P2O5 (60S30C5N5P). This composition was confirmed to develop a thick hydroxycarbonate apatite (HCA) layer in Simulated Body Fluid (SBF) after 7 days, as revealed by Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR), indicating the bioactive character of the scaffolds. The mesoporous nature of the glass structure allows the load of tetracycline and a sustained release of the drug in PBS during 7 days was measured.
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