Papers by Keyword: Mode Conversion

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Authors: Youn Ho Cho, Won Deok Oh, Joon Hyun Lee
Abstract: This study presents a feasibility of using guided waves for a long-range inspection of pipe through investigation of mode conversion and scattering pattern from edge and wall-thinning in a steel pipe. Phase and group velocity dispersion curves for reference modes of pipes are illustrated for theoretical analyses. Predicted modes could be successfully generated by controlling frequency, receiver angle and wavelength. The dispersive characteristics of the modes from and edge wall-thinning are compared and analyzed respectively. The mode conversion characteristics are distinct depending on dispersive pattern of modes. Experimental feasibility study on the guided waves was carried out to explore wall thinning part in pipe for data calibration of a long range pipe monitoring by comb transducer and laser.
Authors: Jong Ho Park, Joon Hyun Lee, Gyeong Chul Seo, Sang Woo Choi
Abstract: In carbon steel pipes of nuclear power plants, local wall thinning may result from erosion-corrosion or flow-accelerated corrosion(FAC) damage. Local wall thinning is one of the major causes for the structural fracture of these pipes. Therefore, assessment of local wall thinning due to corrosion is an important issue in nondestructive evaluation for the integrity of nuclear power plants. In this study, laser-generated ultrasound technique was employed to evaluate local wall thinning due to corrosion. Guided waves were generated in the thermoelastic regime using a Q-switched pulsed Nd:YAG laser with a linear slit array. . In this paper, time-frequency analysis of ultrasonic waveforms using wavelet transform allowed the identification of generated guided wave modes by comparison with the theoretical dispersion curves. Modes conversion and group velocity were employed to detect thickness reduction.
Authors: Noh Yu Kim, Hwan Seon Nah, Sang Soon Lee
Abstract: In order to evaluate the degradation of the epoxy coating in nuclear power plants, acoustic wave velocities of epoxy films are measured using defocused scanning acoustic microscopy system(SAM). Unlike metals, the surface of the epoxy coating on the concrete liner is so thin and wavy that the conventional ultrasonic techniques for acoustic velocity of epoxy coating are hard to apply. Acoustic velocities of bulk waves are determined from V(z,t) curves of mode-converted waves generated in the film by SAM. Epoxy films are fabricated and degraded under various accelerated aging conditions, and both of longitudinal and shear wave velocities of the epoxy film are measured. Approximately 10% of reduction in acoustic wave velocity is observed from experimental results when the aging is developed fully in epoxy films. It is also found that longitudinal wave is more sensitive to deterioration of epoxy coating than transverse wave.
Authors: Noh Yu Kim, Sang Soon Lee
Abstract: Elastic properties of high tension bolt are evaluated non-destructively by measuring acoustic longitudinal and shear wave velocities using mode-converted ultrasound. Mode-converted longitudinal and shear waves along bolt are captured to calculate acoustic wave velocities and determine elastic constants such as Young’s modulus and Bulk modulus based on acoustoelasticity. Ray analysis to select a specific mode conversion from longitudinal mode to shear mode is carried out and discussed with experimental results. From experiment results of maximum 5% of measurement error, it is shown that the proposed mode-converted ultrasonic technique is very effective and sensitive enough to characterize mechanical modulus of high-tension bolts quantitatively.
Authors: Youn Ho Cho, Won Deok Oh, Joon Hyun Lee
Authors: Ming Ying Lan, Song Nie, Li Gao, Shan Yong Cai, Chen Xing Ma, Xiao Li Qi, Zhi Chao Du
Abstract: In this paper, a mode conversion model is proposed to increase the capacity of optical fiber communication systems. In this model, a spatial spectral matching method is used to convert the original mode to the desired mode for mode division multiplexing in optical fibers. A binary phase spatial light modulator is employed on the Fourier plane as a spatial filter. Numerical results show that the original modes can be converted to the desired modes.
Authors: Elena Jasiūnienė, Egidijus Žukauskas, Rymantas Kažys
Abstract: Ultrasonic investigation techniques are widely used in materials characterisation and non-destructive testing applications. In special cases of applications, such as investigation of properties of melted polymers, metals and hot liquids, measurements must be performed in a wide temperature range. However conventional piezoelectric transducers cannot withstand higher temperatures than the Curie temperature. Therefore in order to protect conventional ultrasonic transducers from influence of a high temperature and to avoid depolarization, measurements must be performed using special waveguides with a low thermal conductivity between the object under investigation and the ultrasonic transducer. For measurements of the material properties, such as viscoelastic properties of materials, additional shear wave transducers must be used. In this work approach how to excite both, longitudinal and shear waves using special waveguides with mode conversion, using pair of conventional ultrasonic longitudinal wave transducers is presented. In this work numerical investigation of propagation of longitudinal and shear ultrasonic waves in the waveguides with mode conversion using finite element method and CIVA software was carried out. Modelling of propagation of simultaneously generated longitudinal and shear waves using pair of longitudinal ultrasonic transducers was performed. Influence of temperature gradient to the required incidence angle of the longitudinal wave was evaluated.
Authors: Dariusz Twaróg, Piotr Zieliński, Ryszard Stagraczyński, Zbigniew Łodziana, Miroslaw Gałązka
Abstract: A generalized model of a solid-solid interface is built. The model takes into account additional surface mass densities on both sides of the interface and an anisotropic and/or anharmonic coupling potential. The resonances due to the potential (up to three) manifest themselves by minima (zeros) of transmition and/or extrema in reflected and transmitted waves of different polarization depending on physical properties of the media and of the geometry.
Authors: Jin Kyung Lee, Sang Ll Lee, Joon Hyun Lee, Young Chul Park
Abstract: In this study, elastic waves of ultrasonic and acoustic emission were used to evaluate the propagation characteristic of the wave in pipe, and study on mode conversion of the elastic wave due to the cracks in the pipe was also performed. An acoustic emission (AE) sensor was used to receive the propagated ultrasonic wave. AE technique has a merit that it can identify the received ultrasonic wave by the analysis of the AE parameters such as count, energy, frequency, duration time and amplitude. For transmitting and receiving of the wave, a wedge for universal angle was manufactured. The optimum angles for transmitting of ultrasonic wave and signal receiving at the attached AE sensor on the pipe were determined. Theoretical dispersion curve was compared with the results of the time-frequency analysis based on the wavelet transformation. The received modes showed a good agreement with theoretical one. The used ultrasonic sensor was 1MHz, and AE sensor was broadband (100kHz – 1200kHz). The artificial cracks were induced in the pipe to measure the propagation characteristics of the elastic wave for the cracks. AE parameters for the received signals were also varied with the crack types in the pipe. AE parameters of amplitude and duration time were more effective factors than the analysis of mode conversion for evaluation of the cracks in the pipe.
Authors: Young H. Kim, Sung Jin Song, Joon Soo Park, Shin Kim
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