Papers by Keyword: Nickel-Metal Hydride Battery

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Authors: Wu Tsan Wu, Jing Shan Do
Abstract: The charge/discharge properties of commercial metal hydride alloy powder (MmNi3.81Mn0.41Al0.19Co0.76) is improved and modified by electroless plating nickel. The effect of concentration of reducing agent (Cr), concentration of complex agent (Cc), reaction temperature (T), reaction time (t), and the amounts of MH powder per volume (CMH) on the utilization of the modified MH alloy used as the negative electrode of Ni/MH battery is systematically studied. The utilization of modified MH alloy is mainly affected by Cr, Cc and t. The utilizations of MH alloys modified with condtions of T = 70 oC, t = 90 min, Cr = 20 g l-1, Cc = 20 g l-1 and CMH = 20 g l-1, respectively, are obtained to be 92.3, 64.7 and 23.6% at discharging rate of 1, 4, and 10 C. The utilizations of modified MH alloy are increased by 15.5, 45.6 and 19.8% compared with the pristine MH alloy for discharging rates of 1, 4 and 10 C, respectively.
Authors: Wu Tsan Wu, Jing Shan Do
Abstract: Metal hydride (MH) alloy (MmNi3.81Mn0.41Al0.19Co0.76) is modified by the electroless nickel plating and used as the electroactive material of negative electrode in Ni/MH batteries. The effect of the concentrations of reductant (NaH2PO2×H2O), complex agent (Na3C6H5O7×2H2O), reaction time, and reaction temperature on the Ni loadings and the utilization of the modified MH are systematically studied. The experimental results reveal that the appropriate reaction time and temperature of electroless nickel plating are 30 min and 70 °C in this work. The loading amount of Ni-P on MH alloy is increased and decreased by increasing the concentration of reductant and complex agent, respectively. The steady utilization of unmodified MH alloy is 94.7±1.0 % in the forming process under the charge/discharge conditions of 0.2C charge to 160% SOC (state of charge) and 0.2C discharge to 0.95V. The utilization of MH alloys modified with conditions of [NaH2PO2×H2O] = 40 g L-1 and [Na3C6H5O7×2H2O] = 20 g L-1, T = 70 °C, t = 30 min and [MH] = 2g/100 ml, respectively, is improved to 101.9±0.3 %.
Authors: S. Ruggeri, C. Lenain, L. Roué, Houshang Alamdari, Guo Xian Liang, Jacques Huot, Robert Schulz
Authors: Risa Hayashi, Motohide Matsuda, Michihiro Miyake
Abstract: Recovery process of Ni from anode materials of spent Ni-MH batteries and application of the resulting Ni to CH4 dry reforming catalyst were investigated, focusing on availability of Ni. NiO, which formed a solid solution with CoO, was successfully prepared from the waste by a series of chemical processes using aqueous solutions of HCl and NH3. The resulting NiO, which was reduced to Ni0, exhibited excellent CH4 conversion in CH4 dry reforming. Fromresults, it was concluded that the Ni recovered from anode materials of spent Ni-MH batteries was available for CH4 dry reforming catalyst.
Authors: Jian Bo Wu, Yao Lin Chen
Abstract: As the positive electrodes of Ni/MH batteries, the Ni(OH)2 Electrodes needs some additives to enhance their high power performance. In this paper, two kinds of nanoscale additives were synthesized and added to the Ni(OH)2 electrodes respectively and the high rate discharge capabilities of both electrodes were investigated. Compared with the Ni(OH)2 electrodes with usual CoO, the electrodes with carbon nanotubes and with nanoscale carbon particles modified onto the surface of Ni(OH)2 spheres both presented much better cycling stability and higher specific capacity when discharged at high current rate. It is suggested that when the nanoscale additives were added to the electrodes, more sufficient conductive networks formed among Ni(OH)2 spheres. The results indicate that the nanoscale materials such as carbon nanotubes and nanoscale carbon particles are desirable additives for high power Ni/MH batteries in addition to usual CoO.
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