Papers by Keyword: Orientation Distribution

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Authors: Bo Zhou, Ji Wei Li, Peng Shuai
Abstract: Abstract. The regular grain orientation of granular materials is a common phenomenon in nature. Based on the research of grain shape effect on mechanical property of granular materials, two kinds of idealized shape grain (kind of long rod and square) assemblies with different grain orientation were studied by simulated biaxial compression test using Discrete Element Method. The significant orientation which can be computed as the mean value of all grain orientation is introduced to represent the orientation regularity of granular materials. In order to study the anisotropy, the mobilized friction angle and volumetric strain of assemblies with different significant orientation were obtained under both vertical and horizontal loading. The results show that the regular orientation of grains influences the movement such as motion and rotation obviously; with the increasing of significant orientation, peak mobilized friction angle of long rod grain assembly gradually increases under horizontal loading, and decreasing under vertical loading.
Authors: Vera G. Sursaeva, T.V. Tatzij, Lasar S. Shvindlerman, R.G. Faulkner
Authors: Pei Fang Luo, Zan Huang
Abstract: A mathematical model of evolution process is adopted to simulate orientation distribution of fibers suspensions in planar extensional flow, i.e., specific form of Fokker-Plank partial differential equation and Jeffery equation. The analytical solution of differential equation on forecast fiber orientation distribution is deduced.
Authors: Francis Wagner, Nathalie Allain-Bonasso, Stephane Berbenni, David P. Field
Abstract: This paper deals with the study of plastic heterogeneity. It aims to study the role of both grain size and orientation distributions in the development of such heterogeneity. The considered material is an IF steel. EBSD maps have been made on the same areas before and after several degrees of extension. Parameters such as GOS (Grain Orientation Spread) or GOS/D (D the diameter of the grain) or GND (Geometrically Necessary Dislocation) densities have been determined for the whole set of grains as well as for subpopulations (smallest grains, largest grains for example). It appears that the character of neighboring grains plays a more important role than any of these parameters alone.
Authors: A. Böcker, Hans Joachim Bunge, Johannes Ernst, W. Krahn
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