Papers by Keyword: Orientation Relationship

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Authors: Pierre Blaineau, Lionel Germain, Michel Humbert, Nathalie Gey
Abstract: We propose a new approach to automatically reconstruct the  orientation map from the ’ map inherited by the bainitic or martensitic ’ phase transformation. Our model comprises two main steps (1) identification of reliable fractions of parent grains – each  fraction orientation is determined from neighbouring variants related to a unique  orientation with a low tolerance angle; (2) expansion of these fractions by collecting adjacent variants being in orientation relation (OR) with the  orientation of the initial fraction - using now a higher tolerance around the strict OR. The code was tested on ’ maps we built from reference  maps to control some characteristics of the transformation, i.e. the type of OR used, the spread around OR, the number of inherited variants. The results show that even with a large spread around OR, the shape and orientation of most of the  grains are accurately calculated.
Authors: Thierry Epicier, G. Guichon, D. Dafir, P. Merle
Authors: G. Jyoti, R. Tewari, K.D. Joshi, Dinesh Srivastava, G.K. Dey, S.C. Gupta, S.K. Sikka, S. Banerjee
Abstract: In the present study, specimens of Zr were subjected to shock compression of 11.6 GPa. TEM examination of the recovered samples revealed that during shock compression the a phase has transformed into the w phase. The orientation relationships (ORs) between the a and w phase have been determined using both the stereographic projection method and the correspondence matrix method. Our ORs have been found to belong to the Variant I OR given by Usikov and Zilbershtein (UZ) for statically compressed Zr samples. Our ORs are the same as the one reported by Song and Gray (SG) on dynamically compressed samples. In the present paper it has been shown that the OR of SG is a subset of the OR of UZ and is not apart from it. The mechanism of a®w transition with respect to occurrence of an intermediate b (bcc) structure, during the transition has also been explored. We also show in this study that the amount of the transformed w phase decreases with increasing oxygen content in the samples that were shock loaded to the same peak pressure, as is revealed by both the TEM and XRD results.
Authors: Stéphane Godet, You Liang He, John J. Jonas, Pascal J. Jacques
Abstract: The orientation relationships that apply to phase transformations in high-performance TRIP and TWIP steels were characterised by orientation imaging and EBSD techniques. The results are presented in the fundamental zones of Rodrigues-Frank space that correspond to the specific phase transformation under consideration (cubic to cubic or cubic to hexagonal). The use of Rodrigues-Frank space enables straightforward comparison to be made with orientation relationships proposed in the literature. The observations indicate that the active slip systems in the parent phase play important roles in variant selection.
Authors: Xin Fu Gu, Wen Zheng Zhang
Abstract: The preference of the habit planes (HPs) developed from precipitation in the fcc/bcc system has been investigated. The interfacial energy of different interface orientations has been examined with variation of the orientation relationships (OR) and lattice parameters by a classical molecular dynamics method. The results show that interface has the lowest interfacial energy when it contains parallel Burgers vectors and a set of dislocations. The local minimum of interfacial energy may not associated with a maximum of dislocation spacing. It is also found that the near Kurdjumov-Sachs OR is more preferable than the near Nishiyama-Wasserman OR. Contrary to the previous interfacial energy calculations, which usually limit to rational ORs, the present work allows ORs to be irrational, which agrees with the observations.
Authors: T. Koutsoukis, Abdelkrim Redjaïmia, G. Fourlaris
Abstract: Superaustenitic stainless steels exhibit excellent corrosion resistance, at a wide variety of exposure temperatures, especially in chloride containing environments, coupled with desirable mechanical properties. Previous studies have shown that these steels are prone to precipitation of secondary phases, such as sigma phase (σ), chi phase (χ), Laves-phase, carbides, nitrides or secondary austenite, when exposed at elevated temperatures, directly affecting their mechanical properties and corrosion behaviour. A detailed study of the effect of isothermal ageing on the microstructure of S32654 (Fe-24Cr-21Ni-7Mo-0.5N-0.013C) and S31254 (Fe-20Cr-18Ni-6Mo-0.2N-0.012C) superaustenitic stainless steels was carried out. Samples were aged within the temperature range of 650 οC to 950 οC for times up to 3000 h. Following ageing, precipitation of secondary phases was clearly observed with precipitates varying in volume fraction, size, shape and spatial distribution. Several secondary phases were identified via transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and electron diffraction (ED). The orientation relationships between the austenitic matrix and the secondary phases were identified. Interaction and also phase transformation among different types of precipitates, such as between precipitates and the austenitic matrix were observed and an attempt of understanding these phase transformations was carried out.
Authors: Takeshi Imamura, Yasuyuki Hayakawa, Mineo Muraki
Abstract: Cold-rolled micro-texture of polycrystalline 3%Si-Fe was investigated using high-resolution Electron BackScattering Patterns (EBSP) method. There were deformation bands near grain boundaries. The orientation relationship between the deformation bands and the surrounding deformed grains is explained by the orientation rotation around a <211> axis. The activated slip to generate these deformation bands is estimated from the <211> rotation. The S-value, which is a geometrical index of slip operation against applied stress, of this slip system was not maximum value of all, but it had a common slip plane with an adjacent grain. A hypothesis that the slip system having a common slip plane with an adjacent grain is activated was proposed from the present results.
Authors: S.N. Panpurin, Nikolay Y. Zolotorevsky, Yuri F. Titovets, A.A. Zisman, E.I. Khlusova
Abstract: The effects of cooling rate and austenite structure on bainite formation was investigated by means of electron backscatter diffraction analysis and processing of obtained orientation data. Variant pairing tendency of bainitic ferrite was found to depend on the austenite grain size, austenite plastic deformation and cooling rate. In the bainite formed at low cooling rate the variant pairs having the same Bain axis correspondence are more frequent, while at high cooling rate the variant pairs having the same parallel correspondence of close-packed planes are formed side by side preferably. At the same time, these features are influenced significantly by structural state of parent austenite.
Authors: Akinobu Shibata, Hamidreza Jafarian, Daisuke Terada, Nobuhiro Tsuji
Abstract: We studied the crystallographic features, especially the orientation relationship with respect to austenite, of martensite in a steel transformed from coarse-grained equiaxed austenite (35 μm), ultrafine-grained equiaxed (2.5 μm) or lamellar (300nm) austenite fabricated by sever plastic deformation. With decreasing the grain size of equiaxed austenite, the orientation relationship changed from Kurdjumov - Sachs relationship to Greninger - Troiano relationship. We inferred that this change of orientation relationship could be attributed to the small size of martensite plate transformed from the ultrafine-grained equiaxed austenite. The martensite transformed from the ultrafine-grained lamellar austenite did not have a definite orientation relationship with austenite. We considered that a high density of dislocations or a high density of low angle boundaries within the ultrafine lamellar austenite grain resulted in the large deviation of orientation relationship.
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