Papers by Keyword: Oxidation Protection

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Authors: Hans Klemens Hinssen, Rainer Moormann, Bärbel Schlögl, A. Centeno
Abstract: An overview on parameters influencing the oxidation behaviour of carbon based materials in oxidizing gases is presented in order to support the development of advanced carbon containing materials with high oxidation resistance. Facilities for testing the oxidation behaviour, as operated in FZJ, are explained. Results of exemplary oxidation tests in air at 700°C on diverse new developed materials are presented: Ti and Zr dopings and coatings were found less efficient, whereas Si coatings/dopings significantly reduce oxidation rates. Low oxidation rates of 3D-CFCs without doping/coating, which were manufactured under temperature treatment of > 2200°C and used high purity starting materials, point out the relevance of the latter parameters. Future work on oxidation resistance of carbon based materials is shortly discussed.
Authors: Hans Eberhard Zschau, Daniel Renusch, Patrick J. Masset, Michael Schütze
Abstract: A new method is proposed to achieve a dense protective alumina scale for Ni-base superalloys with an Al-content lower than 10 wt.% at temperatures above 1000°C. The method is based on the halogen effect. Thermodynamical calculations show the existence of a region for a positive fluorine effect at temperatures between 900-1200°C for the alloys IN738 and IN939. By using fluorine ion implantation in combination with Monte Carlo simulation of the fluorine profiles these results were transformed into a region of F-concentrations at the metal surface. A dense protective alumina scale was formed for IN738 after oxidation at 1050°C. Due to the very low Al-content no alumina scale was found for IN939.
Authors: Jana Grosse-Brauckmann, Tanja Damjanović, Christos Argirusis
Abstract: The use of carbon fibre reinforced carbon composites in oxidizing atmospheres is limited to temperatures below 400 °C. To benefit from their excellent mechanical strength that is still preserved at high temperatures, suitable oxidation protection coating systems have to be developed. Composites which are capillary infiltrated with Si and coated with SiC via chemical vapour deposition show significantly enhanced oxidation resistance. For the increase of service temperature above 1300 °C, high temperature stable materials with low oxygen diffusivities such as yttrium silicates have to complement the SiC coating. The electrophoretic deposition performed under constant current conditions leads to relatively high green densities and therefore good sinterability of the applied coatings. In this work we present the preparation of suspensions, their characterization regarding particle size and electrophoretic mobility for yttrium silicate powder prepared by the solid state method. Depending on particle charge and conductivity of the investigated suspensions iodine is employed to increase particle charge. The use of current densities between 0.5-5mA/cm² leads to smooth and homogeneous layers. Layers sintered as low as 1400 °C for 2h already show promising protection of the C/C-Si-SiC substrate during thermogravimetric analysis.
Authors: H. Fritze, J. Jojic, Th. Witke, C. Rüscher, S. Weber, S. Scherrer, Bernd Schultrich, Günter Borchardt
Authors: Jana Schloesser, Martin Bäker, Joachim Rösler, Robert Pulz
Abstract: In rocket engine combustion chambers, the cooling channels experience extremely high temperatures and environmental attack. Thermal protection can be provided by Thermal Barrier Coatings. Due to the need of good heat conduction, the inner combustion liner is made of copper. The performance of a standard coating system for nickel based substrates is investigated on copper substrates. Thermal cycling experiments are performed on the coated samples. Due to temperature limitations of the copper substrate material, no thermally grown oxide forms at the interface of the thermal barrier coating and the bond coat. Delamination of the coatings occurs at the interface between the substrate and the bond coat due to oxide formation of the copper at uncoated edges. In real service a totally dense coating can probably not be assured which is the reason why this failure mode is of importance. Different parameters are used for thermal cycling to understand the underlying mechanisms of delamination. Furthermore, laser heating experiments account for the high thermal gradient in real service. Pilot tests which led to a delamination of the coating at the substrate interface were performed successfully.
Authors: Hans Eberhard Zschau, Michael Schütze
Abstract: The oxidation protection of TiAl-alloys at temperatures above 750°C can be improved by the fluorine effect. The results of thermodynamical calculations predict a corridor for a positive fluorine effect. Ion implantation of F was performed because of giving the best results. After a high F-loss during heating a thin protective alumina scale acts as a diffusion barrier. The F-depth profiles show a distinct maximum at the metal/oxide interface. The diffusion coefficient of F in TiAl for 900°C was determined. The stability of the F-effect after long oxidation time at 900°C and 1000°C can be explained by the existence of a constant F-amount at the metal/oxide interface ensuring a slow growth of the alumina scale. The fluorine effect was also applied to Ni-base superalloys to improve their high temperature oxidation resistance by forming a dense continuous protective alumina scale.
Authors: N. Richet, P. Lespade, Paul Goursat, E. Laborde
Authors: Rainer Moormann, Hans Klemens Hinssen, Bärbel Schlögl
Abstract: Sufficient oxidation stability of advanced carbon based materials is a key feature for their application in fusion, fission, aerospace and chemical engineering. These materials were examined as part of the EU research projects ExtreMat and Raphael-ML. This paper discusses the presently available oxidation model, outlines its limits on basis of respective experiments and proposes improvements. Methods for oxidation protection of advanced carbon based materials as doping and coating with different components are discussed. Experimental oxidation results on EX10, a carbon fibre in SiC matrix, in air at high flow rates and high temperatures are presented.
Authors: Bogdan Wendler, Łukasz Kaczmarek, M. Jachowicz, A. Rylski
Abstract: γ-titanium aluminide a promising structural material for automotive and aircraft applications at high temperatures suffers from poor gas corrosion resistance. It has been proved in this work by means of microthermogravimetry and SEM, EDS, EBSD and X-Ray diffraction carried out and under isothermal conditions and thermal cycling that a great improvement of the oxidation resistance of this material can be achieved due to magnetron sputtered coatings of γ-TiAl with vatious additions (Ag, Cr, Mo, Nb, Si or Ta) or their combinations. The oxidation rate of some of these coatings is four orders of magnitude smaller than that of the bare γ-TiAl substrate.
Authors: Yong Ping Wang, Shu Suo Li, Chun Gen Zhou, Shi Yu Qu, Liguo Song, Ya Fang Han
Abstract: Oxidation protective silicide coatings for the new Nbss/Nb5Si3 in-situ composites were prepared by molten salt method at 900°C. The experiment results indicated that the majority phase in the coating was NbSi2. More Nb5Si3 was formed at the interface between the substrate and NbSi2 layer during the oxidation. The oxidation resistance of the composites was improved by the coating, significantly. The improvement in the oxidation resistance of the composites maybe mainly attributed to the formation of large amount of SiO2 and Al2O3 on surface of coating.
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