Papers by Keyword: Palladium Alloy

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Authors: Adele Carradò, Jean Michel Sprauel, Laurent Barrallier, Alain Lodini
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Authors: Akio Kagawa, Keishi Katsura, Masayuki Mizumoto, Yutaka Tagawa, Yoichi Masiko
Abstract: The influence of discharged hydrogen from Pd-Ni based hydrogen storage alloys (HSAs) on cultured cells has been investigated. The susceptibility of cells to discharged hydrogen varied with the kind of cells. No influence was seen in the normal cells, while an effect of killing cancer cells was observed near the HAS and the region where the cell death was observed was limited to an extent of a few mm from the alloy surface. In order to examine the cause of the effects, the amount of gaseous hydrogen and hydrogen radicals released from the alloy surface and pH change of physiological saline aq. solution were measured. The amount of gaseous hydrogen and hydrogen radicals increased with time. The pH of physiological saline aq. solution decreased first and then recovered to the starting value after about 50h. The pH change behavior varied with alloy composition. It is inferred that the hydrogen radicals formed on alloy surface may bring a characteristic change in the cancer cells, leading to the effect of discharged hydrogen on cancer cell death.
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Authors: Makoto Matsuzaki, Akio Kagawa, Aiko Motoishi, Kunihiko Tanaka, Masataka Yamamoto, Yutaka Tagawa
Abstract: The mechanism of cancer cell death induced by hydrogen discharged from Pd-5at.% Ni hydrogen storage alloy has been investigated. Cancer cell (HeLa : cervical cancer cell) death was observed in the limited region within ~ 3 mm from the sample. The measurement of surviving fraction of cells revealed that almost all the cancer cells in the well of 96-well multi plate, 6.2 mm in diameter were extinct (p < 0.01), while no detectable influence was observed in the normal cells. From the fluorescent imaging experiment, it was indicated that the cell death induced by discharged hydrogen was due to the “Apoptosis” and hydrogen peroxide was detected in both intracellular and extracellular regions. Furthermore, the generation of hydrogen radical and hydroxyl radical was observed in the ESR measurement. From the results obtained, the mechanism of cancer cell death is proposed.
284
Authors: Ivailo S. Atanasov, Marc Hou
Abstract: We address the question of the evolution of a nanostructured system in a metastable state to equilibrium. To this purpose, we use the case study of the transition of an AucorePdshell nanoalloy cluster containing up to about 600 atoms toward the equilibrium Au segregated configuration. We start from a molecular dynamics approach with an embedded atom potential. The way the transition develops at low temperatures is found to be very sensitive to the cluster morphology and the way energy is exchanged with the environment. The transition of icosahedral inverse core-shell Au-Pd clusters is predicted to nucleate locally at the surface contrary to clusters with other morphologies, and starting at lower temperatures compared to them.
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