Papers by Keyword: Partially Melted Zone

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Authors: S. Sandhya, G. Phanikumar
Abstract: A fusion welding technique to join a semi-solid processed A356 cast plate is explored using Gas Tungsten Arc Welding (GTAW). Semi-solid metal (SSM) billets of non-dendritic microstructure produced by rheocasting in a mould placed inside a linear electromagnetic stirrer were used for this study. GTAW experiments were conducted to simulate different thermal gradients near the fusion zone. The geometries of the weld pool as well as the temperature gradient in the fusion boundary were measured to understand the microstructure evolution. Simulation of the welding process was performed to aid in the analysis. Quantitative metallography provided the shape factor as a measure of globularity of the primary a-Al phase. Based on the studies, a model has been proposed to explain the observation of globular microstructure in the fusion zone of the welds. Conclusions show a positive correlation of thermal gradient with globular microstructure formation in this class of alloys.
Authors: A. Prisco, F. Acerra, Antonio Squillace, G. Giorleo, C. Pirozzi, U. Prisco, Francesco Bellucci
Abstract: Laser beam welding of light alloys has always represented a big challenge for both designers and technologists due to the large number of process parameters to take into account and the variable responses of the different materials to be welded. In this paper the results of experimental research on laser beam welds of innovative heat treatable aluminum alloys is reported. The well known T geometry (a stringer welded to a skin) has been considered. Two different skins have been analyzed: AA 2139 and AA 6156, both in form of rolled sheets. Two different stringer have been analyzed: AA 2139 and PA 765, both in form of extruded parts. AA 4047 has been used as filler wire. In the first part of the paper, all the steps leading to the realization of sound welds will be described. The criteria used in order to assess the soundness of a weld was the absence of defects, such as cracks or large pores, verified by means of NDE. In the second part of study, both micro structural analysis and mechanical characterization of welds will be described and discussed. Conclusions will demonstrate the importance of the influence of chemical composition of the parts, above all stringer. The performance of the best welds, however, were very close to those of parent materials.
Authors: K.Ratna Kumar, G. Madhusudhan Reddy, K. Srinivasa Rao
Abstract: In this work, it was intended to improve the corrosion resistance of welds of A356 and AA6061 by adopting mainly a special welding techniques, viz., pulsed current gas tungsten arc welding (PCGTAW), electron beam welding (EBW) and friction stir welding (FSW). It was found that the corrosion resistance of A356 and AA6061 welds could be improved by PCGTAW technique rather than continuous current gas tungsten arc welding (CCGTAW). It can be further improved by using electron beam welding. Improved corrosion resistance in A356 welds could be obtained by selecting T6 temper rather than as cast condition. In the case of AA6061, improved corrosion resistance was achieved by selecting T4 temper rather than T6 temper. As for as the welding techniques, friction stir welding (FSW) is useful than fusion welding techniques like CCGTAW,PCGTAW and EBW for improving the corrosion resistance of both the welds.
Authors: Alexander Gutierrez, John C. Lippold, Wan Gen Lin
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