Papers by Keyword: PbS

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Authors: Peng Wang, Li Bo Fan, Li Juan Sun, Zhen Hua Zhang, Xin Bing Zhu, Yan Ge Zhang, Pin Jiang Li
Abstract: A film solar cell was made with a structure of Glass/ITO/CdS/PbS/Al. CdS film was obtained by thermal evaporation. PbS film was prepared by a simple solid-solid reaction. The solar cells are photosensitive in a large spectral range (extending from near infrared to high energy side regions). The cell with the area of 0.15 cm2 without any special treatment has shown the values of open-circuit voltage (Voc) of 138 mV and short circuit current (Jsc) of 0.01 mA/cm2 with the efficiency of 0.33 % and the fill factor (FF) is 0.26 under illumination intensity of 100 mW/cm2.
176
Authors: Peng Wang, An Mei Wang, Zhen Hua Zhang, Li Bo Fan, Yan Lei, Meng Yuan Yang, Yan Ge Zhang, Pin Jiang Li
Abstract: Lead sulfide (PbS) magic cubes were prepared by a simple hydrothermal method without any organic solvent. The product was characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and absorption spectrum. A solar cell, with a structure of Al/P3HT:PbS/PEDOT:PSS/ITO/Glass, was made. By a spin coating method, a hybrid film of poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) and PbS was prepared on the PEDOT:PSS layer. The solar cells are photosensitive in a large spectral range (visible and near infrared regions). The cells, with the area of 0.15 cm2 without any special treatment, have shown the values of open-circuit voltage (Voc) of 242 mV, short circuit current (Jsc) of 0.01 mA/cm2, energy conversion efficiency (η) of 0.01 % and fill factor (FF) of 0.31 under illumination intensity of 100 mW/cm2.
236
Authors: Peng Wang, Li Bo Fan, Zhen Hua Zhang, Yan Lei, Yan Ge Zhang, Pin Jiang Li
Abstract: Cubic-like lead sulfide (PbS) films were in situ fabricated on lead (Pb) foil on a large scale by solvothermal method. Ethanol and ethylenediamine were used as the solvent. The films were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), absorption and the Fourier transformation-infrared (FT-IR) spectra. A solar cell was made by the hybrid film of P3HT and cubic-like PbS. The solar cells are photosensitive in a large spectral range (visible and near infrared regions). The cell with the area of 0.20 cm2 without any special treatment has shown the values of open-circuit voltage (Voc) of 250 mV and short circuit current (Jsc) of 0.01 mA/cm2 with the efficiency of 0.01 % and the fill factor (FF) is 0.36 under illumination intensity of 100 mW/cm2.
166
Authors: Ajcharaporn Aontee, Wimonlak Sutapun
Abstract: The aim of this research is to improve compatibility of PBS/HDPE blend using HDPE-g-MAH as a compatibilizer. The effect of HDPE-g-MAH content on mechanical and thermal properties, and degree of crystallinity of PBS/HDPE/HDPE-g-MAH blend was investigated. The blends were prepared at PBS/HDPE weight ratio of 30/70 and HDPE-g-MAH was used at a content of 2, 4, 6 and 8 part per hundred of PBS and HDPE. The results showed that yield strength and stress at break of PBS/HDPE/HDPE-g-MAH blends insignificantly increased with adding HDPE-g-MAH more than 2 phr. In addition, addition of HDPE-g-MAH to the binary blends led to an increase of elongation at break while Young’s modulus of blends exhibited an insignificant change. The addition of HDPE-g-MAH into PBS/HDPE blend did not affect both flexural modulus and flexural strength. In addition, unnotched impact strength of the blends greatly increased with increasing HDPE-g-MAH content and PBS/HDPE blend containing 8 phr of HDPE-g-MAH were not fractured within the instrument limit. For thermal properties, the presence of HDPE-g-MAH did not affect degradation temperature of PBS domain and HDPE matrix. HDPE-g-MAH of 8 phr markedly influenced the degree of crystallinity of the PBS and HDPE.
51
Authors: Young Won Chang
Abstract: An internal variable theory has been proposed to account for the essential microstructures during inelastic deformation. The framework of the theory is built on the basis of well known dislocation dynamics to provide the concept of an internal strain tensor as the most fundamental deformation state variable. The plastic and inelastic strain rate tensors are then naturally defined and also a kinematics relation among them can further be derived from the time rate of change of this internal strain tensor, which in fact accounts for the evolution of microstructures during inelastic deformation. To complete the theory, the constitutive relations between the various stress variables and their conjugate deformation rate variables are then derived based on the dislocation kinetics. The theory is then further extended to describe the structural superplasticity, taking this slip zone model with dislocation pile-ups as the major accommodation mechanism for grain boundary sliding. The experimental results obtained from the various crystalline materials are then presented and compared with each other in relation to the internal variable theory for inelastic deformation.
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Authors: Shi Jie Zhang, Yi Wen Tang, Li Hua Cheng
Abstract: Poly (butylene succinate) (PBS) was mixed with Poly (lactic acid) (PLA) through Haake Reomix, a new type of biodegradable materials can be obtained. With the increasing addition of PBS and the raise of the solution basicity, the degradation rate of blends increase sharply. The GPC analysis can approve the reduction of molecular weight in the degradation process of PLA/PBS blends.
941
Authors: Parina Kangwanwatthanasiri, Nitinat Suppakarn, Chaiwat Ruksakulpiwat, Ruksakulpiwat Yupaporn
Abstract: In this study, effect of PBS content on physical properties of polylactic acid (PLA) and polybutylene succinate (PBS) blends was studied. The content of PBS was varied from 0 30 %wt. The blends were mixed using an internal mixer. The samples were prepared using a compression molding. It was shown that tensile strength and Youngs modulus of PLA/PBS blends were decreased with increasing PBS content from to 0 30 %wt. Nevertheless, elongation at break and impact strength of the blend were increased with increasing the amount of PBS up to 20 %wt. Polylactic acid grafted glycidyl methacrylate (PLA-g-GMA) was used as the compatibilizer in PLA/PBS/PLA-g-GMA blends. PLA-g-GMA was shown to improve interfacial adhesion between PLA and PBS. With the addition of PLA-g-GMA, mechanical properties of PLA/PBS blend were improved. The preparation of cassava pulp (CP) to be used as filler in PLA/PBS blends and PLA/PBS/PLA-g-GMA blends was studied. Effect of CP content on mechanical properties CP/PLA/PBS composites was studied. PLA-g-GMA was also used as compatibilizer in CP/PLA/PBS composites. The mechanical properties of CP/PLA/PBS composites were improved with the addition of PLA-g-GMA as well.
367
Authors: Shi Jie Zhang, Yi Wen Tang, Li Hua Cheng
Abstract: Poly (butylene succinate) (PBS) was mixed with Poly (lactic acid) (PLA) in the melt state. The PLA/PBS blends with different constitution were produced. The samples were buried in laterite. Samples were dug out of soil after the burial for 10, 20, 30, 40, 50 and 60 days, respectively. The weight loss and molecular weight of the sample were tested. The analysis showed that the nearly exponential decrease in average molecular weight as a function of degradation time. The PLA and PBS have the similar degradation behavior in the soil.
937
Authors: S. Lindroos, J. Puišo, Sigitas Tamulevičius, Markku Leskelä
Abstract: The successive ionic layer adsorption and reaction (SILAR) technique was used to grow double layer structures of CdS-PbS. The growth of thin films by the SILAR technique from diluted aqueous solutions was achieved, ionic layer by ionic layer, at room temperature and normal pressure. The thin films on silicon were characterized by XRD, AFM, XPS. It was established that a double layer could be grown on crystalline silicon and that the morphology and crystallinity of the films could be controlled by changing the lead precursor.
243
Authors: Yuan Ming Zhang, Lin Chen, Hong Cheng Pan
Abstract: The Ag-Ag2S-PbS thin films were co-electrodeposited on indium-tin-oxide (ITO) coated glass substrates from aqueous solutions containing 0.01 M AgNO3, 0.01 M Pb (NO3)2, 0.1 M Na2S2O3, 0.02 M ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid disodium salt, and 0.5 M Na2SO4. X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and cyclic voltammetry (CV) were used to investigate the Ag-Ag2S-PbS thin films. The X-ray diffraction analysis demonstrated the presence of cubic structure of metallic silver, acanthite Ag2S, and cubic PbS, which is consistent with the CV analysis. The effect of different Ag+/Pb2+ ratios on the morphology and composition of the Ag-Ag2S-PbS thin films were also studied.
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