Papers by Keyword: Performance Criteria

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Authors: Ben Yan Lu, Gang Wang
Abstract: Earthquake codes have been revised and updated in recent years. The issue and implementation of the guidelines for seismic design of bridges have attracted interests and attentions of many researchs at home and abroad. The most important aspect of the code rests on its main approach incorporating “performance-based seismic design”. The main purpose of this study is to investigate the differences caused by the use of guidelines for seismic design of highway bridges and Eurocode8 for bridges in performance criteria, seismic design categories, ground types, response spectrum, earthquake action and detailing of ductile piers. The differences in expressions and some important points for performance criteria, seismic design categories, ground types, response spectrum, earthquake action and detailing of ductile piers by codes are briefly illustrated in tables and figures. Based on the lessons learned from significant earthquakes in the last few years, the existing problems of the current code are pointed, and the trends of future study are discussed.
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Authors: Ben Yan Lu, Bo Quan Liu, Ming Liu, Guo Hua Xing
Abstract: Earthquake codes have been revised and updated in recent years. The issue and implementation of the guidelines for seismic design of bridges have attracted interests and attentions of many researchs at home and abroad. In this paper, it is compared that the provisions about performance criteria, seismic design categories, response spectrum and earthquake action between guidelines for seismic design of highway bridges and Eurocode 8 for bridges. The main purpose of this study is to investigate the differences caused by the two codes in performance criteria, seismic design categories, response spectrum and earthquake action. The results indicate that it is similar in performance criteria, seismic design categories and response spectrum between guidelines for seismic design of highway bridges and Eurocode 8 for bridges. Based on the lessons learned from significant earthquakes in the last few years, the existing problems of the current code are pointed, and the trends of future study are discussed.
4395
Authors: Qi Zhao, Yu Fei Tan, Chen Wang
Abstract: In this study, a performance analysis based on alternative performance criteria has been performed for a reversible Carnot and heat pump cycle, modified for cogeneration, with external irreversibilities. The optimum values of the design parameters of the new cogeneration cycle were determined for different criteria. In this context, the effects of design parameters on the exergetic performance are investigated, and the results are discussed. The obtained results may guide towards a more realistic criterion for actual combine heat pump and cogeneration plants.
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Authors: Luigi di Sarno, Fabrizio Paolacci, Anastasios G. Sextos
Abstract: Numerous existing steel framed buildings located in earthquake prone regions world-wide were designed without seismic provisions. Slender beam-columns, as well as non-ductile beam-to-column connections have been employed for multi-storey moment-resisting frames (MRFs) built before the 80’s. Thus, widespread damage due to brittle failure has been commonly observed in the past earthquakes for steel MRFs. A recent post-earthquake survey carried out in the aftermath of the 2016-2017 Central Italy seismic swarm has pointed out that steel structures may survive the shaking caused by several main-shocks and strong aftershocks without collapsing. Inevitably, significant lateral deformations are experienced, and, in turn, non-structural components are severely damaged thus inhibiting the use of the steel building structures. The present papers illustrates the outcomes of a recent preliminary numerical study carried out for the case of a steel MRF building located in Amatrice, Central Italy, which experienced a series of ground motion excitations suffering significant damage to the masonry infills without collapsing. A refined numerical model of the sample structure has been developed on the basis of the data collected on site. Given the lack of design drawings, the structure has been re-designed in compliance with the Italian regulations imposed at the time of construction employing the allowable stress method. The earthquake performance of the case study MRF has been then investigated through advanced nonlinear dynamic analyses and its structural performance has been evaluated according to Eurocode 8-Part 3 for existing buildings. The reliability of the codified approaches has been evaluated and possible improvements emphasized.
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