Papers by Keyword: Phase Diagram

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Authors: Yong Jun He, Xue Chen, Ziad Moumni
Abstract: This paper explains the magnetic-field induced martensite reorientation in Ferromagnetic Shape Memory Alloys (FSMA) through a simple energy analysis from which the role of the martensite’s magnetic anisotropy is emphasized. In particularly, with a three-dimensional (3D) energy analysis, we study the switching between the three tetragonal martensite variants driven by a rotating magnetic field (with a constant magnitude) and a non-rotating magnetic field (with a fixed direction but varying magnitudes). Finally, a simple planar phase diagram is proposed to describe the martensite reorientation in general 3D loadings.
400
Authors: Hao Tu, Xin Ming Wang, Ya Liu, Chang Jun Wu, Jian Hua Wang, Zhi Li, Xu Ping Su
Abstract: The isothermal section of the Fe-Zn-Nb ternary system at 600 oC was determined using the equilibrated alloys with the aid of diffusion couple approach. The specimens were investigated by means of SEM-EDS analysis, SEM-WDS analysis and X-ray diffraction. A true ternary phase T was identified, this phase is in equilibrium with ε, NbZn3, Γ, δ, and η - Zn phases respectively in the system. The solubility of Nb in η - Zn and δ phase is limited and that of Zn in ε is up to 10.0%.
1210
Authors: Xiao Wang
Abstract: In order to fill the blank of the conventional bus routes and to provide a door-to-door transportation service, community bus is a new mode to connect the last mile of public transportation. This paper built a cellular automata model of opening boundary conditions based on the community bus route to explore that the running rules of community bus. Through numerical simulations using departure time interval and passenger arrival rate as index, phase diagrams are obtained and characteristics are found.
723
Authors: Hao Hu
Abstract: The series universal machine could be operated on d.c. or a.c. source. It was relatively complicated to analyze its operating characteristic. A good concise analysis method was introduced. By using the phase diagram to from a ‘circle diagram’ and the relationship between the pertinent line segments and the angles, its operating characteristic was got. Namely, its operating characteristic was the variation of current, torque, power, speed, etc. as the load was varied.
92
Authors: Nataliya Perevoshchikova, Benoît Appolaire, Julien Teixeira, Sabine Denis
Abstract: We have adapted the Quickhull algorithm with the general dimension Beneath-Beyondalgorithm [6] for computing the convex hull of the Gibbs energy hypersurface of multicomponenttwo-phase alloys. We illustrate the salient features of our method with calculations of isothermalferrite-austenite equilibria in Fe-C-Cr. Finally, successive equilibrium calculations in a Fe-C-Cr-Mosteel over a large temperature range show the benefit of computing the convex hull before performingthe conventional Newton-Raphson search.
1214
Authors: Alaitz Ruiz de Luzuriaga, Hans Grande, Jose A. Pomposo
Abstract: The miscibility behaviour of polymer-nanoparticle / linear-polymer blends (all-polymer nanocomposites) has been investigated using an incompressible mean-field theoretical model that accounts for combinatorial, temperature-dependent exchange interaction energy and nanoparticle-driven effects. The theory is employed to predict the phase diagram of poly(styrene)-nanoparticle (PS-np) / linear-poly(vinyl methyl ether) (PVME) nanocomposites from room temperature to 675 K. Complete miscibility is predicted for PS-nanoparticles with radius < 6 nm blended with PVME (molecular weight 62 500 g/mol, nanoparticle volume fraction 20 %). The effect of PVME molecular weight and blend composition on the miscibility diagram is also addressed. When compared to the well-known experimental phase diagram of linear-PS / PVME blends displaying lower critical solution temperature (LCST) behaviour, the miscibility improving effect of sub-10 nm PS-nanoparticles is clearly highlighted. In terms of the model, this favourable nanoscale effect arises mainly from the reduced stretching induced by the sub-10 nm nanoparticles and the increased exothermic contacts when compared to nanoparticles with sizes > 10 nm.
105
Authors: Katsunari Oikawa, Hajime Mitsui, Kiyohito Ishida
Abstract: A database for thermodynamic information of sulfides and carbo-sulfide in steels has been developed, where the thermodynamic properties of the relevant constituting sub-system of the complex system have been assessed by the CALPHAD (Calculation of Phase Diagrams) approach. The utility of this database is demonstrated in examples of phase diagram calculations of low carbon steels and stainless steels. The calculated results are in good agreement with experimental data. The developed thermodynamic database would be useful in predicting the formation of sulfides and carbo-sulfides in the commercial steels.
711
Authors: James P. Minshull, Steffen Neumeier, Mattew G. Tucker, Howard J. Stone
Abstract: The phase constituents of alloys from the (Ni,Co)85(Al,Ti)15 plane of the Ni-Co-Al-Ti quaternary system were investigated following prolonged exposure at 750°C. Microstructural investigations confirmed the existence of a continuous A1-L12 two-phase region in the Ni-Co-Al-Ti quaternary system between Ni-Ni3Al and Co-Co3Ti. The lattice misfits of alloys from this quaternary system were determined using neutron diffraction. With increasing contents of Ti the positive lattice misfit increases up to +0.79% in the Ti-containing alloys, which leads to an increasing tetragonal distortion of the  matrix phase due to the increasing coherency stresses.
399
Authors: Tamás Mende, András Roósz
Abstract: Certain phase transitions take place at a given temperature in the equilibrium phase diagrams, the values of their temperatures can exactly be measured so it is an essential task to calculate these values by a high accuracy. New parameters were introduced into the ESTPHAD equation for calculating the so-called non-variant points. By using the ESTPHAD method, the accuracy of calculations are compared to the data used for the calculations so the exact calculation of the temperatures of non-variant points are defined as compared to the data used for the calculations.
448
Authors: E.R. Andrievskaya, V.P. Red'ko, V.P. Smirnov, L.M. Lopato
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Showing 1 to 10 of 188 Paper Titles