Papers by Keyword: Polyglycolic Acid

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Authors: C.M. Agrawal, K.A. Athanasiou, J.D. Heckman
Authors: B. Obradović, D. Bugarski, M. Petakov, G. Jovčić, N. Stojanović, B. Bugarski, G. Vunjak-Novaković
Authors: Keon Hyeon Jo, Seok Whan Moon, Young Du Kim, Young Jo Sa, Si Young Choi, Jeong Sub Yoon, Young Pil Wang, Guw Dong Yeo, Cheol Min Bae
Abstract: To prevent prolonged air leakage after lung surgery, we developed a biodegradable polyglycolic acid (PGA) sheet and compared it with an expanded polytetrafluoethylene (ePTFE). Eighteen adult mongrel dogs were used in this experiment. The airway pressures at which air first leaked at the stapled resection margins were measured immediately after surgery in group I (N=5), 2 days after surgery in group II (N=5), and 7 days after surgery in group IIII (N=5), Based on the presence of SLR, there were 3 subgroups in each group: there was no SLR in subgroup a; ePTFE in subgroup b; PGA sheet in subgroup c. The histologic examination was performed 2 months after surgery (N=3). In group I, there was a significant difference in air leakage pressures (mm Hg) between no reinforcement and SLR. We observed the same results in group II and III with statistical significance. However, there was no significant difference between the reinforcement groups. The histologic findings demonstrated more severe adhesions and biodegradation in the dogs in which the PGA sheet was used. Our PGA sheet was considered a useful reinforcement material, because it had a similar threshold for air leakage with the ePTFE with excellent biodegradation.
Authors: Zhong Li Shi, Wei Qi Yan, Jie Feng, Bing Gang Guan, Yang Bo Liu, Shi Gui Yan
Abstract: To evaluate the effectiveness of the cell-material in situ on joint resurfacing, a woven fabric polyglycolic acid (PGA) treated with fresh chondrocytes was used for repairing cartilage defects. Full-thickness defects were created in the weight-bearing surfaces of the femoral intercondylar fossa in a rabbit model. The defect was filled with and without PGA under surgical condition. Before implantation, chondrocytes were co-cultured with PGA for one day. The animals were sacrificed at eight weeks after implantation and evaluated grossly and histological score. Morphological examination showed that for PGA/chondrocytes group, the repaired tissue appeared similar in color and texture to the surrounding articular surface. While for the untreated control, no cartilage-like tissue was observed at all defects, but connective fibrous tissue. Histological analysis revealed neochondrogenesis and clusters of cartilage matrix with specific safranin-O staining for the PGA/cell group. The Gross and histological evaluation indicated a significantly higher score for PGA/cell group than for PGA and control group. These results suggest that the woven fabric PGA may facilitate the formation of cartilage tissues by providing a biodegradable and good-handle vehicle for the delivery to and retention of organized cell matrix constructs in vivo site. It might therefore enhance neochondrogenesis because of the superior biodegradable and biocompatible of PGA scaffold sheet, while the more suitable biological environment might sustain cell growth and in situ cell function, suggesting a promising candidate for functional tissue engineering of clinical environment.
Authors: Aida Petca, Dan Cristian Radu, Mona Zvâncă, Bogdan Mastalier-Manolescu, Răzvan Petca, Mihaela Boț
Abstract: With the increasing number of births by Caesarean section a new pathology has made its presence felt, linked to the scarring of the low uterine transverse incision. It was found that after the birth by caesarean section some patients presented postmenstrual prolonged bleeding, spotting, pelvic pain and infertility. First described in 1995, the isthmocele is a healing defect in the anterior wall of the lower uterine segment at the caesarean hysterotomy site. This faulty scarring could be attributed to physiological peculiarities of the patient, to the suturing technique or ascribed to tissue reaction specifically to the type of suture material used. We found that it may be a correlation between the suture materials used and the appearance of the isthmocele. There are no large studies that asses the long-term outcome of C-section scar on prolonged menstrual bleeding, spotting and infertility and no comparison on the rate of appearance of this pathology by account of the suture material.
Authors: M.C. Peters, D.J. Mooney
Authors: Furong Tian, Hossein Hossinkhani, Yoshiro Yokoyama, Giovani Gomes Estrada, Hisatoshi Kobayashi
Abstract: The objective of this work was to investigate cell adhesion, Poly Glycolic Acid (PGA) and PGA/ collagen nano-fibers on the silicone membrane. PGA with the weight-mixing ration of 40% was fabricated through the electronspun technique. The behaviors of Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial cells on these scaffolds are evaluated. The highest cell adhesion was observed in the PGA/collagen fibers with the diameter of 500 nm. This study indicates the effect of nano-fibers on the Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial cells for better understanding of interactions of cells with scaffold materials. Such information will have important implications for implantable vascular tissue engineering constructs.
Authors: S.K. Ashiku, M.A. Randolph, C.A. Vacanti
Authors: Xian Wei, P.H. Zhang, W.Z. Wang, Z.Q. Tan, De Jun Cao, F. Xu, Lei Cui, Wei Liu, Yi Lin Cao
Abstract: Objective: To compare biocompatibility, degradation, and mechanical properties of polyglycolic acid (PGA) unwoven and woven fibers as scaffolding materials for tendon engineering in vitro. Methods: Three kinds of PGA fibers were included in this study. PGA raw material (Purac Co, Holland) was spun into single PGA filaments that were further twisted into woven fibers (PGA- 1). PGA filaments (Nantong Holycon, China) were twisted into woven fibers (PGA-2) as well. PGA-1 and PGA-2 served as experimental groups 1 and 2, while unwoven PGA fibers (Albany Co, USA) served as control group. Three types of PGA fibers were made into cord-like scaffolds that mimic tendon shape and compared with each other for biocompatibility, degradation and biomechanical properties. Avian tenocytes were isolated from digital flexor tendon and expanded in vitro. Cells of the second passage were seeded onto the PGA scaffolds. In the first 2 weeks, the cell- PGA constructs were in vitro cultured without tension and observed for cell adhesion and matrix production. The constructs were then cultured under dynamic loading in a bioreactor for another 2 weeks followed by gross and histological examinations. Results: PGA unwoven fibers have the median diameter of 10µm, while PGA-1 and PGA-2 fibers have the median diameters of 200µm and 60µm, respectively. Microscopy showed that tenocytes adhered well to all three types of PGA fibers in the first 10 days and produced abundant matrices. However, cells showed poor viability on PGA-2 fibers after 10 days, yet good viability on the other two PGA fibers over 2 weeks of observation period. H&E staining showed that there were viable cells and abundant matrices in the control and PGA-1 groups, but not in PGA-2 group after 4 weeks of in vitro culture. Additionally, PGA unwoven fibers degraded faster than woven fibers (PGA-1 and -2). Interestingly, the PGAtenocyte constructs formed tendon-like tissue after 4 weeks of in vitro culture grossly and histologically. Furthermore, mechanical test demonstrated that both PGA woven fibers had much higher tensile strength than unwoven fibers. Conclusion: Different PGA fibers have different biocompatibility with seeded tenocytes. PGA woven fibers could bear more intense mechanical loading and degrade slower than unwoven fibers, which is essential for in vitro generation of tendon tissue. Thus PGA woven fibers might serve as a proper form of scaffolding material for in vitro tendon engineering in a bioreactor.
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