Papers by Keyword: Porous Bioceramic

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Authors: C. Marques, Luis Henrique Leme Louro, Marcelo Henrique Prado da Silva
Abstract: Bioactive ceramics have the ability to chemically bond to bone. This class of biomaterials can be used as coatings on metallic implants, alloplastic bone defect fillers and as scaffold for tissue engineering. The most widely used bioactive ceramics are hydroxyapatite, Ca10(PO4)6(OH)2 and tricalcium phosphate, Ca3(PO4)2. This study presents new bioactive ceramics based on Nb2O5 and Ta2O5. These materials were produced from bioinert ceramics chemically activated by an alkali hydrothermal treatment. Scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersion X-ray spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction analyses on samples incubated in simulated body fluid showed the presence of bone-like apatite, confirming that the modified ceramics surface became bioactive.
641
Authors: Alexandra A.P. Mansur, Herman S. Mansur
Abstract: There is a constant need for bone substitutes. This work was focused on evaluating morphological characteristics of new bioceramic three-dimensional scaffold for bone tissue engineering based on Portland cement with air-voids introduced by outgassing reaction product from lime and aluminum powder. Pores morphology was observed using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Bulk density, apparent density, and apparent porosity were measured by Archimedes method. Water absorption by total immersion and by capillarity was also investigated. The results have indicated that cement based scaffolds exhibit a hierarchical structure with interconnected macropores and a micropores framework that indicate potential use of the developed porous materials as bone substitutes.
687
Authors: A. Ravaglioli, A. Krajewski, M. Mazzocchi, Roberta Martinetti, L. Dolcini
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Authors: D.M. Liu
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Authors: J.S.V. Albuquerque, R.E.F.Q. Nogueira, T.D. Pinheiro da SIlva, Daniel O. de Lima, Marcelo Henrique Prado da Silva
1021
Authors: Yin Zhang, Yoshiyuki Yokogawa, Tetsuya Kameyama
Abstract: Biphasic calcium phosphate (BCP) ceramics, a mixture of hydroxyapatite (HAp) and betatricalcium phosphate (β-TCP), of varying HAp/β-TCP ratios was prepared. One kinds of HAp and one kind of β-TCP powders were used to produce porous BCP bioceramics with HAp/β-TCP weight rations of 20/80, 40/60, and 80/20. A slip was obtained by adding a mixed powders of HAp and β-TCP to a solution 1.5% of deflocculant and 0.5 wt% of foaming agent. The optimum value for the minimum viscosity in these present slips with respect to its solid loading and the optimum amount of the deflocculant were investigated. The specimen obtained by casting a polyurethane foam with 1.5 wt% of deflocculant into a slip, and drying it under vacuum, was heated at 1150°C for 3 hours. The resultant porous BCP sintered body had large spherical pores of 300 /m with interconnecting rectangular voids. Many small pores in the size range of 2-3 /m or below were observed in the specimen obtained by heating at 1150°C for 3 hours. The dissolution test was done as follows. The obtained porous ceramics samples about 0.5g individually soaked into 30 mL of simulated body fluid (SBF) solution at 36.5°C. The calcium and phosphorous content of the SBF solution was analyzed by ICP. The porous body was dried, and characterized using SEM, XRD, and FT-IR.
1688
Authors: Feng Wang, Li Wei Sun, Jian Xing Shen, Ping Zhao
Abstract: Hydroxyapatite/Chitosan bioceramics were fabricated by combining in-situ chemical synthesis and freeze drying method, using (NH4)2HPO4, Ca(NO3)2·4H2O, and chitosan(CS) as raw materials. The effect of solid loading and freeze-drying time on microstructures of hydroxyapatite/Chitosan bioceramics was studied. The microstructures of the fabricated porous bioceramics were investigated by means of X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The results showed that the hydroxyapatite/Chitosan bioceramics have interconnected porous structures from several microns to 200um, more suitable to bone tissue implantation. In addition, the porous structures are affected solid loading of slurry and freeze-drying time.
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