Papers by Keyword: PTA Process

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Authors: F. García-Vázquez, A. Aguirre, Ana Arizmendi-Morquecho, H.M. Hernández-García, L. Santiago-Bautista, J. Acevedo, B. Vargas-Arista
Abstract: Plasma Transferred Arc (PTA) process is increasingly used in applications where enhancement of wear, corrosion and heat resistance of metals surface is required. The shape of weld bead geometry affected by the PTA welding process parameters is an indication of the quality of the weld. PTA is a versatile method of depositing high-quality metallurgically fused deposits on relatively low cost surfaces. The overlay deposited is an alloy that is hard and more corrosion resistant than counterparts laid down by Gas Tungsten Arc Welding (GTAW) or Oxy Fuel Welding (OFW) processes. Weld deposits are characterized by very low levels of inclusions, oxides, and discontinuities. This process produces smooth deposits that significantly reduce the amount of post weld machining required. Metal-Mechanic industry continuously requires recovering tool steel components subjected to severe wear. The steel known as D2 is considered to be a high carbon, high chromium cold work tool steel. In this research, weld beads were deposited on D2 steel by using PTA process with different parameters as welding current and travel speed using base nickel filler metal. In order to evaluate the metallurgical features on the weld beads/substrate interface a microstructural characterization was performed by using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and to evaluate the mechanical properties was conducted the wear test.
Authors: D.R.G. Achar, M. Kamaraj, C. S. Ganesh Bavisetty
Abstract: Cobalt based alloy with the addition of 5 and 10 wt% boron carbide have been deposited by PTA process on stainless substrates effectively. The dry sliding wear performances of the coated alloys have been studied at room as well as at elevated temperatures. Addition of boron carbide to satellite 6 resulted in refinement of grains and formation of complex carbides and borides, which has lead to increase in hardness and wear resistance of the hardfaced layers. Superior wear resistance has been found to be at the composition of Stellite 6 with 5 wt% addition of boron carbide.
Authors: F. García-Vázquez, H.M. Hernández-García, B. Vargas-Arista, A. Aguirre, E.E. Granda-Gutiérrez
Abstract: Among the different surface treatments used to improve the wear resistance of metallic materials, plasma transferred arc (PTA) is an attractive alternative to conventional techniques due to the intrinsic properties of its higher deposition rate, lower heat input and especially for the wide applicability of materials. The wide range of materials makes it possible to produce metallurgical bonding between the hardfacing layer and substrate material with very low dilution and distortion. Weld deposits are characterized by less level of inclusions, oxides, discontinuities and wear resistance. Metal-mechanic industry continuously requires recovering tool steel components subjected to severe wear. In this research Fe-based filler metal was deposited on D2 steel by using plasma transferred arc (PTA) process. The influence of Cr and Nb on Fe-based filler metal microstructure was investigated using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). In order to evaluate the mechanical properties were performed wear and hardness tests. The wear resistance and hardness values were compared with the results of a weld bead using nickel-based filler metal.
Authors: Abdeljalil Nady, Herve Bonnefoy, Vincent Klosek, Marie Helene Mathon, Alain Lodini
Abstract: The objective of this study is to investigate the effects of Heat Affected Zone produced by Plasma Transferred Arc process and residual stress in substrate steel 55NiCrMoV7. In this study, based on ABAQUS code, a sequentially coupled thermal, metallurgical, mechanical 2-D finite element model is developed. In the numerical simulations, the coating and Heat Affected Zone are used to predict the residual stresses. The simulation results revealed that the final residual stress in substrate steel do seem to be influenced by the HAZ.
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