Papers by Keyword: Pulsed Laser Deposition (PLD)

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Authors: Adele Carradò, Hervé Pelletier, Felix Sima, Carmen Ristoscu, Agnès Fabre, Laurent Barrallier, Ion N. Mihailescu
Abstract: In this article, two original studies of the alumina as porous substrate and PLD (pulsed laser deposition) thin films in view of its biomedical and tribological applications are presented. The first biomedical study aimed to evaluate the role of Al2O3 on thin deposited nanostructures. For this purpose, cerium stabilized zirconia doped hydroxyapatite thin films were deposited by PLD onto high purity, high density alumina substrates with different low porosities. For deposition, an UV KrF* (λ=248 nm, τ ~ 25 ns) excimer laser was used for the multi-pulse irradiation of the targets. The nanostructured surface morphologies of the thin films with micro droplets were evidenced by atomic force microscopy and scanning electron microscopy and the compositions with a Ca/P ratio of 1.7 by energy dispersive spectroscopy. The films were seeded with mesenchymal stem cells for in vitro tests. The cells showed good attachment and spread and covered uniformly the surface of the samples. Different functions of substrate porosities are observed in the efficiency of developing long filopodia and of obtaining the optimal intracellular organization. The second study aimed to understand the influence of micro-structural and mechanical characteristics on the tribological behaviour of stainless steel samples with PLD alumina coatings produced using an UV KrF* (λ=248 nm, τ ~ 20 ns) excimer laser and a sintered alumina target. Various microscopic observation techniques were used in order to connect the tribological response to the amorphous microstructure of the coatings. The results correspond to the determination of the mechanical characteristics by nanoindentation tests, scratch tests, and a tribological behaviour analysis of the treated steel against 100Cr6. The films were stoichiometric, partially crystallized with an amorphous matrix and their surfaces had few particulates deposited on. The obtained values of hardness and elastic modulus of the films were in good agreements with literature data.
Authors: Jun Inoue, Tadachika Nakayama, Tsuneo Suzuki, Hisayuki Suematsu, Wei Hua Jiang, Koichi Niihara
Abstract: Chromium oxynitride (Cr(N,O)) thin film have been successfully prepared by using pulsed laser deposition. The composition of the thin film was determined to be Cr0.50N0.23O0.28 by Ruthreford backscattering spectroscopy (RBS). The structural analysis was carried out by using X-ray diffraction (XRD), and out-of-plane and in-plane measurements were used to clarify the axial ratio (c/a) of the Cr(N,O) phase. The lattice constants of a and c axes in the Cr(N,O) phase were found to be 0.414 and 0.419 nm, respectively. From these results, the cubic to tetragonal phase change by substitution of the oxygen atoms for nitrogen atoms was confirmed for the crystal Cr(N,O) compounds.
Authors: Ei Yamamoto, Nobuhiro Kato, Hiroaki Nishikawa, Masanobu Kusunoki, Takashi Hayami, Kazushi Yoshikawa, Shigeki Hontsu
Abstract: Tooth enamel cannot be reconstructed once it is destroyed immoderately. Hydroxyapatite (HAp) thin sheet can potentially be used for a novel dental biomaterial to repair the enamel. Using a pulsed laser deposition (PLD) method, we have successfully created a flexible HAp sheet of less than a few micrometers in thickness. Due to its flexibility, the HAp sheet is tightly adhered on curved surfaces at the target site. In the present study, we newly developed double-layered sheets composed of HAp film coated with tricalcium phosphate (TCP) thin layer. The HAp/TCP sheet was adhered to the extracted human teeth using a calcium phosphate solution for 3 days. The adhesive strength between the HAp/TCP sheet and tooth enamel was evaluated by quasi-static tensile tests. Moreover, the interface structure between them was observed by a scanning electron microscopy. As a result of the mechanical evaluation, the adhesive strength was greater than approximately 2.5 MPa. The electron microscopic observation revealed that the sheet was partially fused with the enamel. These findings suggest the possibility that enamel defects are repaired using the HAp/TCP sheet for a short duration.
Authors: T. Holz, Reiner Dietsch, H. Mai, L. Brügemann
Authors: Haruki Ryoken, Yutaka Adachi, Isao Sakaguchi, Naoki Ohashi, Hajime Haneda, Tadashi Takenaka
Authors: Hyun Bin Kim, Yogesh K. Vohra, Patrick J. Louis, William R. Lacefield, Jack E. Lemons, Renato P. Camata
Abstract: We report results of in-vitro and in-vivo studies on biphasic thin film coatings of hydroxyapatite/tetracalcium phosphate produced by pulsed laser deposition using ablation targets of crystalline hydroxyapatite. Changes in coating phase composition during in-vitro dissolution experiments were monitored by x-ray diffraction. Scanning electron microscopy was used to assess variations in surface morphology. In-vivo experiments involving the insertion of coated metallic implants in the proximal tibia and distal femur of New Zealand White Rabbits were carried out. Histomorphometric studies on implant samples after surgical extraction show that biphasic coatings produced may lead to enhanced osteointegration compared to pure hydroxyapatite coatings.
Authors: M. Siad, Samira Abdelli-Messaci, Tahar Kerdja, Slimane Lafane, M. Abdesselam
Abstract: Carbon nitride films were synthesized by pulsed laser ablation of graphite target under nitrogen ambience. The third harmonic of a pulsed Nd-YAG laser of 355 nm wavelength and 7 ns pulse duration was focused onto a rotating target at an incidence angle of 45°. The laser fluence at the target surface was set at 30 J/cm2. The carbon nitride films were deposited on (100) silicon substrate kept at room temperature and placed at a distance of 40 mm from the target surface. The CNx films were grown under N2 gas in the pressure range of 5×10-3 to 4×10-1 mbar. The deposited films composition was investigated by different techniques RBS, NRA and AES. We found an N/C ratio equal to 0.4 in the pressure range cited above.
Authors: Y.P. Lee, V.G. Prokhorov, K.W. Kim, J.Y. Rhee, G.G. Kaminsky, V.F. Flis
Authors: Aivars J. Lelis, Charles Scozzie, F. Barry McLean, Bruce Geil, R.D. Vispute, T. Venkatesan
Authors: H. Dittrich, M. Klose, M. Brieger, R. Schäffler, H.W. Schock
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