Papers by Keyword: Rust

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Authors: Wei Zhen Ouyang
Abstract: The atmospheric corrosion behavior of cast iron after six months immersion was studies by means of optical stereomicroscope and X-ray diffraction techniques. The results showed that active corrosion occurred on the rusted specimen covered with many thin spherical shells of solid material. The XRD analysis indicated the formation of β-FeOOH tends to increase with increasing exposure.
97
Authors: Toshiyasu Nishimura
Abstract: The iron rust phase has been analyzed by using EPMA, TEM and EIS after simulating marine corrosion tests. The ultrafine grained (UFG) weathering steel containing Si and Al showed higher corrosion resistance than carbon steel in the test. Si and Al were identified as Si 2+ and Al 3+ in the complex oxide of inner rust by EPMA and TEM. It was demonstrated by EIS that the resistance at the low frequency region corresponded to that of corrosion reaction of rusted steels (Rt). The Rt value of this steel increased after the continuous formation of inner rust, which implied that Si and Al took part in the conversion of complex oxides into fine structure that prevented the penetration of Cl ions.
55
Authors: Naohiro Nishikawa, Yoshinori Sato, Fumika Andou, Takekazu Sawa, Yoshihiro Hagihara, Hiromasa Kato, Nobuhito Yoshihara, Hiroaki Okawai, Takatoshi Murase, Toshiro Iyama, Masahiro Mizuno, Shinya Tsukamoto
Abstract: The machining (cutting, grinding etc.) is conducted in manufacturing. Machining fluid (cutting oil, grinding fluid) that consists of oil, surface active agent, and extreme pressure agent, anti rust agent etc. is used. It improves machining performance, but it needs waste fluid disposal that is incineration or coagulative precipitation and so on. It causes huge cost and environmental load. Furthermore, it is afraid of workers health hazard for several chemicals while machining. Therefore, the electric rust preventive machining method system (water machining) is proposed and developed. This method uses only harmless water (tap water etc.) as machining fluid. In this paper, improvement of electric rust preventive chip sedimentation system that is part of water recycle system which is used for machining water purification and re-use. On long time (3 days) preservation of iron chip in water, decreasing of rust and turbidity is examined. Improved electric rust preventive chip sedimentation system is equipped simple circulation filter unit newly and its effectiveness is clarified. When many quantity of iron powder (3kg) likened to actual sludge is sunken in sedimentation water tank, if electric rust prevention and simple circulation filter activated, turbidity and colour would be decreased greatly. Therefore, it is expected that purification load of next part of filters is decreased and life-time of filter and system will be prolonged.
979
Authors: Naohiro Nishikawa, Yoshinori Sato, Fumika Andou, Takekazu Sawa, Yoshihiro Hagihara, Hiromasa Kato, Nobuhito Yoshihara, Hiroaki Okawai, Takatoshi Murase, Toshiro Iyama, Masahiro Mizuno, Shinya Tsukamoto
Abstract: In production site, machining fluid (cutting oil, grinding fluid) is used. It contains several chemicals that are oil, surface active agent, and extreme pressure agent, anti rust agent and so on. Waste fluid disposal which is incineration etc. is necessary and arise huge cost and environmental load. In addition, workers health hazard is concerned for several chemicals while machining. In this investigation, new water machining method system (electric rust preventive machining method system) that uses only water as machining fluid for solving of conventional machining fluid problems is developed. In particularly, this paper mentions optimization of used machining water recycle on purification rate and refined water flow quantity in developed water recycle system. Therefore, high speed adjustment test liquid equipment is developed for stable experimental condition for evaluation. Test liquid turbidity is random for sludge particle and simple filter decreases this fluctuation. However, water recycle system is aimed for constant refined output despite fluctuation of input dirty water, and it is achieved. The optimized refined water flow quantity is 13.3 L/min at 1.0 MPa from viewpoint of purification on iron, turbidity, colour, conductivity and flow rate and purification load for reverse osmosis membrane.
973
Authors: Rui Liu, Xiao Ping Chen, Qing Nan Shi
Abstract: Corrosion behavior of a low alloy steel A with 3% nickel content was studied by a wet/dry cyclic test. A commercial weathering steel Q450NR1 was used for comparison. The classical weight loss method was used to evaluate the weatherability of weathering steel, while the iron rust layers formed on weathering steel were analyzed by using SEM, XRD and electrochemical measurements. The results indicated that the corrosion resistance of steels A was better than that of commercial weathering steel Q450NR1 in the wet/dry cyclic test. The addition of Ni promoted the formation of α-FeOOH so as to improve the resistance of the rust. The EIS results indicated that the charge transfer resistance of steel A was bigger than that of steel Q450NR1.
420
Authors: K. Kobayashi, Shinichi Komazaki, Toshihei Misawa, T. Fukuzumi
Abstract: The susceptibility to environmental embrittlement (EE) of automobile spring steels was investigated using six different steels. A SSRT test and TDS analysis were applied to specimens subjected to wet-dry cyclic corrosion tests in a NaCl solution. Experimental results revealed that the reduction in ductility after the corrosion tests was pronounced with increasing strength level. This degradation was closely associated with the resistance to pitting corrosion. Consequently, the hydrogen absorbed in steel and the corrosion pit as a geometric damage were responsible for the EE of spring steels. The hydrogen in rust layer had no significant influence on the EE.
933
Authors: Wei Zhen Ouyang
Abstract: The components of corrosion products on rusted cast iron artifacts in a wet/dry atmospheric environment have been studied by micro-Raman spectroscopy. The observations show that microstructures of outer and inner interfaces are different; indicating that active corrosion occurred on the rusted specimen covered with many cracks and pores. The μRaman spectra of outer and inner layer results prove to be composed of three main iron oxyhydroxides. In addition, Fe3O4 only exists in the inner layer.
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