Papers by Keyword: Shape-Memory Polymer

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Authors: Emily Leylek, Justin Manzo, Ephrahim Garcia
Abstract: A bat-like aircraft is proposed, using a smart joint mechanism to actuate the morphing of the wings. The smart joint stays in its deformed shape after cooling, which can be up to 5% of 25 mm length joint. The morphing of the wing shapes of three different bat species is evaluated using a planar lifting line analysis. The morphing improves the lift coefficient over 1000% and the lift to drag ratio over 300% at an angle of attack of 0.6°. The results compare well with what is expected from the type of flight and morphology that has been documented for the bats.
Authors: Zheng Fa Li, Zheng Dao Wang
Abstract: Shape memory polymers (SMPs) can have a large frozen strain but providing much lower recovery stresses. To overcome such disadvantage, sandwich structures consisted of a SMP core and two thin metallic skins was considered. Due to much compliance of the SMP core, SMP sandwich beam is buckled at a lower packaging strain. Buckling is the fundamental character of SMP sandwich beam under bending. The critical buckling parameters about two types of SMP sandwich beams were theoretically derived.
Authors: Andreas Lendlein, Steffen Kelch
Authors: Zheng Fa Li, Zheng Dao Wang
Abstract: Shape memory polymers own many advantages compared with traditional shape memory alloys or ceramics. In order to improve their shape recovery stress and realize a stable recovery response during the deployable process, the structure of SMP sandwich beam composed of two metallic skin and one SMP core is considered. The recovery behaviors of pure SMP and SMP beams reinforced by one-layer metallic skin are also discussed for comparison. The results confirm that the deployable properties of SMP matrix can be significantly improved by using sandwich structure.
Authors: Silvia Farè, Luigi de Nardo, S. De Cicco, M. Jovenitti, Maria Cristina Tanzi
Abstract: In the last few years, clinical procedures undergone huge modifications. Among them, mini-invasive surgery has modified the clinical practice and the quality of life of patients. Shape Memory Polymers (SMPs), a class of stimuli-responsive materials, can be considered ideal candidates for the design of devices for mini-invasive surgical procedures. Such a device can be inserted in a packed in, temporary shape and later can expand at body temperature. A bone defect could be filled by a SMP porous structure, that improves the tissue integration and healing. In this work, two different processing techniques to obtain porous shape memory polymer scaffolds from Calo MER™ and MM-4520, two SMPs, are presented. Porous structures were obtained by micro-extrusion with different chemical foaming agents or with sodium chloride, or by solvent casting/particulate leaching. The morphology, the thermo-mechanical and the shape recovery properties of the SMP porous samples were investigated. Tridimensional porous structures showed a well interconnected morphology, with a pore size in the range aimed for bone interaction applications. The shape memory properties were not significantly affected by the transformation processes: a good ability of recovering the original shape was verified. Therefore, the porous structures, obtained from these SMP materials, appear adequate for an use as bone filler.
Authors: Hisaaki Tobushi, Shunichi Hayashi, Y. Sugimoto, K. Date
Abstract: The shape memory composite (SMC) with shape memory alloy (SMA) and shape memory polymer (SMP) was fabricated, and the two-way bending deformation and recovery force were investigated. The results obtained can be summarized as follows. (1) Two kinds of SMA tapes which show the shape memory effect and superelasticity were heat-treated to memorize the round shape, respectively. The shape-memorized round SMA tapes were sandwiched between the SMP sheets, and the SMC belt was fabricated. (2) The two-way bending deformation with an angle of 56 degrees is observed during heating and cooling. (3) If the SMC belt is heated and cooled by keeping the form, recovery force increases during heating and decreases during cooling.
Authors: W.M. Huang, N. Liu, X. Lan, J.Q. Lin, J.H. Pan, Jin Song Leng, S.J. Phee, H. Fan, Y.J. Liu, T.H. Tong
Abstract: The surface morphology of materials is of fundamental importance to many applications (e.g., surface wetting, friction, surface roughness, reflection, drag, adhesion, etc). Various approaches for micro/nano patterning atop polymer surfaces have been proposed in recent years. However, a cost effective technique is still highly in demand. In this paper, we demonstrate a few novel but rather simple and generic approaches for surface micro/nano patterning using shape memory polymers (SMPs). Reversible micro vertical chains, crown shaped protrusion arrays and strip/labyrinth wrinkles atop SMPs are presented.
Authors: Xin Lan, Jin Song Leng, Yan Ju Liu, Shan Yi Du
Abstract: A new system of thermoset styrene-based shape-memory polymer (SMP) filled with carbon black (CB) is investigated. To realize the electroactive stimuli of SMP, the electrical conductivity of SMP filled with various amounts of CB is characterized. The percolation threshold of electrically conductive SMP filled with CB is about 3% (volume fraction of CB), which is much lower than many other electrically conductive polymers. When applying a voltage of 30V, the shape recovery process of SMP/CB(10 vol%) can be realized in about 100s. In addition, the thermomechanical properties are also characterized by differential scanning calorimetery (DSC).
Authors: Da Wei Zhang, Jia Jia Zhang, Rui Wei, Jing Wen Xia, Dan Ni Jiao, Yun Xiao Pan
Abstract: Deployable flexible displays attract a great attention recently. The flexible display used on electronic equipment have been developed, which can deploy to reveal a much larger screen or rolled up. However, one of major problems is its actuation of deployment and fixture. In this paper, a deployable display actuated by the SMP actuator is proposed. The shape memory polymer (SMP) actuator, which is considered to be attached to the back side of a flexible display, is used to deploy and fix the flexible display. A new method of laser-induced actuation of SMP actuator is investigated. By this method, the SMP can be induced by infrared light transmitted through a treated optical fiber embedded in the actuator.
Authors: Bo Zhou, Xue Lian Wu, Yan Ju Liu, Jin Song Leng
Abstract: The mechanical behaviors of epoxy-based shape memory polymer (SMP) with linear monomer at the temperatures of 25oC, 42oC, 56oC and 66oC are respectively investigated through the tension tests. Material parameter equations are supposed to describe the relationships between the material parameters of SMP with linear monomer and temperature. Numerical calculations show that the supposed material parameter equations well predict the relationships between the material parameters of SMP with linear monomer and temperature.
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