Papers by Keyword: Simulated Body Fluid (SBF)

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Authors: Julietta V. Rau, Marco Fosca, Vladimir S. Komlev
Abstract: In situ monitoring of structural changes, taking place upon calcium phosphate bone cements hardening process was carried out by means of the Energy Dispersive X-Ray Diffraction method. Two different cement systems were studied, one of them based on the octacalcium phosphate and another - on the dicalcium phosphate dehydrate. Both systems contained natural biopolymer chitosan and were soaked in Simulated Body Fluid. The obtained experimental results evidence that during the hardening of the cement containing octacalcium phosphate its partial transformation into hydroxyapatite takes place, whereas no significant changes were detected during the hardening process of cement containing the dicalcium phosphate dehydrate.
Authors: Guo Chao Qi, Feng Jun Shan, Qiang Li, Jing Yuan Yu, Qu Kai Zhang
Abstract: Magnesium apatite (MA, (Ca9Mg)(PO4)6(OH)2) and Hydroxyapatite (HA) coatings were synthesized on Ti6Al4V substrates by a sol-gel dip coating method. Glucose and bovine serum albumin (BSA) were added to the standard simulated body fluid (SBF) separately to form organic-containing simulated body fluids. MA and HA coatings were immersed in standard and organic modified SBF for time periods of 4, 7, 14, 21 and 28 days at 37±1°C. The surface dissolution and deposition behavior of the coatings after soaking were examined with Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS). The results show that glucose in SBF has no apparent effect on the deposition of new apatite from the solution. BSA in SBF shows retardation effect on the deposition of apatite by forming a protein dominant globular layer. This layer inhibits the further deposition of apatite from SBF solution.
Authors: Yan Bao Li, Qing Lin, Jun Sheng Chen, Xiang Hui Lan, Chun Hua Lu, Dong Xu Li, Zhong Zi Xu
Abstract: The bioactivity of potassium titanate whiskers (PTW) was evaluated by soaking in simulated body fluids (SBF, Kokubo solution). At first, PTW was chemically treated by 1 M HCl and 1 M NaOH solutions at 60 oC for 48 h, respectively. Then PTW before and after treated were soaked in SBF solution and cultured at 37 oC for different times. The apatite deposit on PTW was examined by FTIR and SEM/EDX. The results showed that there was not apatite deposit on the raw PTW even after soaked for 14 days while apatite appeared on the treated PTW after soaked for only 7 days. This implies that treatment by HCl/NaOH solutions can improve the in vitro bioactivity of PTW. The possible mechanism is that more Ti–OH groups occur after treatment and induce Ca2+ and PO4 3- aggregate and accelerate to deposit of apatite. The bioactive PTW with good biocompatibility is a potential candidate as reinforcing agent to improve the mechanical properties of calcium phosphate ceramics or cements.
Authors: Shao Kang Guan, Zhen Wei Ren, Jun Heng Gao, Yu Feng Sun, Shi Jie Zhu, Li Guo Wang
Abstract: In this paper the in vitro degradation of ultrafine grained (UFG) Mg-Zn-Ca alloy produced by HPT was investigated by electrochemical measurements and immersion tests in SBF. It was found that UFG Mg alloy had better degradation properties and also higher microhardness value than as-cast Mg alloy. The corrosion current density of UFG Mg alloy decreased by about two orders of magnitude, compared with that of as-cast alloy. Through electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) test,UFG Mg alloy showed a higher charge transfer resistance value. In immersion test, UFG Mg alloy in SBF exhibited more uniform corrosion and lower degradation rate (0.0763 mm/yr) than as-cast alloy. The degradation properties were related with the microstructure evolution, namely the grain refinement and redistribution of second phase. Keywords: Mg-Zn-Ca alloy; High-pressure torsion (HPT); Degradation behavior; Simulated body fluid (SBF); Microhardness
Authors: Qiu Ying Zhao, Ding Yong He, Xiao Yan Li, Jian Min Jiang
Abstract: Hydroxyapatite (HA) coatings were deposited onto Ti6Al4V substrate by microplasma spraying (MPS) in the current research. The morphology, phase compositions, and percentage of crystallinity of the coatings were characterized by means of scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray diffraction. An in vitro evaluation by soaking the coatings in simulated body fluid (SBF) for up to 14 days was conducted aiming at the evaluation of their bioactivity. Results from the present investigation suggest that microplasma sprayed HA coatings exhibited certain roughness, pores, and microcracks. Thermal decomposition existed in the coatings where HA, α-TCP,β-TCP, amorphous phases, and CaO-exclusive impurities were observed. The in vitro test indicated that HA coatings deposited by MPS possessed better bioactivity and stability. A layer of carbonate-apatite covered most of the coating surface, which did not exhibit significant spalling after incubation in SBF.
Authors: Feng Wang, Mu Sen Li
Abstract: Hydroxyapatite (HA) powders were directly synthesized in simulated body fluid (SBF) at 37°C, without the need for high-temperature calcified. These powders were found to contain trace amount of CO32-, Cl-, Na+ and K+ impurities, originated from the of SBF solutions during their deposition. The characterizations of the synthesized HA powders were performed by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier-transformed infra-red spectroscopy (FTIR) and Transmission electron microscope (TEM). The experimental results showed that the HA synthesized by the SBF route might be more close to that human bone in structure and compositions. Furthermore, the processes flow for HA synthesis was optimized and the synthesized mechanism was also discussed.
Authors: Elizabeth C. Kolos, Andrew Ruys, Greg J. Roger
Authors: You Rong Duan, Cheng Yong Wang, Ji Yong Chen, Xing Dong Zhang
Authors: Yun Qing Kang, Guang Fu Yin, Ke Feng Wang, Lin Luo, Li Liao, Ya Dong Yao
Abstract: The ability of apatite to form on the surface of biomaterials in simulated body fluid (SBF) has been widely used to predict the bone-bonding ability of bioceramic and bioceramic/polymer composites in vivo. Porous β-tricalcium phosphate/poly(L-lactic acid) (β-TCP/PLLA) composite scaffold was synthesized by new method. The ability of inducing calcium phosphate (Ca-P) formation was compared in static simulated body fluid(sSBF) and dynamic simulated body fluid (dSBF). The Ca-P morphology and crystal structures were identified using SEM, X-ray diffraction and Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy. The results showed that the typical features of bone-like apatite formation on the surface and the inner pore wall of β-TCP/PLLA. Ca-P formation on scaffold surfaces in dSBF occurred slower than in sSBF and was more difficult with increasing flow rate of dSBF. The ability of apatite to form on β-TCP/PLLA was enhanced by effect of each other that has different degradable mechanism. Porous β-TCP/PLLA composite scaffold indicates good ability of Ca-P formation in vitro.
Authors: Frank A. Müller, Lenka Müller, Ingo Hofmann, Peter Greil
Abstract: Fibrous cellulose templates are attractive candidates for the use as tissue engineering scaffolds due to their biocompatibility and the adjustable porosity. Nevertheless, a direct bond between cellulose and bone is not formed under physiological conditions. A simulated body fluid solution with a high degree of supersaturation (5*SBF) was used to accelerate the biomimetic formation of bonelike apatite on cellulose templates. After generating calcium phosphate nuclei on the cellulose fibers in 5*SBF with high Mg2+and HCO3 - concentrations the cellulose templates were immersed in a modified 5*M-SBF which was optimized in respect to crystal growth kinetics by reduced Mg2+and HCO3- concentrations. After 48 hours a hydroxy carbonated apatite (HCA) layer with a thickness of 20 µm was obtained.
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