Papers by Keyword: Spray Pyrolysis

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Authors: Hitoshi Aikiyo, Koji Nakane, Nobuo Ogata, Takashi Ogihara
Authors: Camellia Panatarani, Dunden Gilang Muharam, Bambang Mukti Wibawa, I Made Joni
Abstract: A blue luminescent of ZnO:Zn nanocrystal has been successfully prepared by one step spray pyrolysis method without reducing gas atmosphere. Zinc acetate dihydrate aqueous solutions (0.05 M) were atomized by ultrasonic atomizer. The atomizer used an air as carrier gas with 1, 3 and 5 L/min flowrate. The tubular reactor was set at 500, 600 and 700oC. As prepared samples were characterized by means of x-ray diffraction spectroscopy and scanning electron microscope-energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy (SEM-EDS). The crystal size of as prepared particles calculated by Scherrer’s equation give 10-20 nm. The luminescent properties of as prepared particles were measured using spectrofluorophotometer. The highest photoluminescent intensity of particles irradiated with excited wavelength of 250 nm was obtained from samples prepared using 5 L/min carrier gas with temperature of tubular reactor 700oC. High intensity of blue luminescent was obtained due to oxygen vacancy in ZnO:Zn.
Authors: Samuel Bernard, Vincent Salles, Sylvie Foucaud, Philippe Miele
Abstract: Boron nitride (B1.0N0.9) nanoparticles have been prepared by the spray-pyrolysis of borazine. Characterization of the B1.0N0.9 nanoparticles by SEM, and HRTEM demonstrated that samples form elementary blocks containing slightly agglomerated nanocrystalline particles with sizes ranging from 55 to 120 nm. Their thermal behavior has been investigated and thermogravimetric analyses of B1.0N0.9 nanoparticles showed that they are relatively stable in air atmospheres.
Authors: A.R. Dalila, Abu Bakar Suriani, M.S. Rosmi, R. Rosazley, Jaafar Rosli, M. Rusop
Abstract: This paper reports a brief outlook of carbon nanotubes (CNT) history, synthesis methods as well as natural carbon sources such as camphor powder, turpentine, eucalyptus, palm, neem, coconut, castor, olive, corn, sesame oil, palm olein, waste cooking palm oil and waste chicken fat.
Authors: Matias de Angelis Korb, Raimundo Nonato Ferreira Linhares Junior, Eduardo Etzberger Feistauer, Ledjane Silva Barreto, Vânia Caldas de Sousa, Iduvirges Lourdes Müller, Célia de Fraga Malfatti
Abstract: Ferritic stainless steels have been used to produce interconnects for intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cells (ITSOFC) due to their appropriate properties. Ferritic stainless steel presents mechanical stability, much higher thermal and electronic conductivities; significantly lower cost, and mechanical resistance than austenitic steels. Besides, it presents a thermal expansion coefficient compatible with the other materials of the cell components. However, in the range of this device operating temperature (600 °C 800 °C) it can occur the formation of poorly conducting oxide (Cr2O3) reducing the fuel cell performance. The aim of this work was to obtain oxide coatings starting with La, Sr and Co nitrates applied by spray-pyrolysis technique on a stainless steel AISI 430 substrate. The coatings obtained were characterized by X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy/energy dispersive spectroscopy. The oxidation resistance of the ferritic stainless steel, coated with a perovskite (La0,6Sr0,4CoO3) film, was investigated by isothermal oxidation. The results showed that the coating obtained promoted the increase of the ferritic stainless steel oxidation resistance. However, after the oxidation test, it was observed a Cr enrichment and a very pronounced Sr enrichment, near to the alloy/coating interface, which can be associate to the decomposition of La0,6Sr0,4CoO3 film.
Authors: Seung Kwon Hong, Hye Young Koo, Seo Hee Ju, Yun Chan Kang
Abstract: Tb3Al5O12:Ce (TAG:Ce) phosphor particles were prepared by spray pyrolysis process. The TAG:Ce phosphor particles prepared by spray pyrolysis had good characteristics such as fine size, narrow size distribution, and high photoluminescence intensity under blue light excitation. The TAG:Ce phosphor particles had the maximum photoluminescence intensity after post-treatment at 1550oC under reducing atmosphere. The photoluminescence intensity of the prepared TAG:Ce phosphor particles was 85% of the optimized YAG:Ce phosphor particles.
Authors: E. Arpat, M. Urgen, R.C. Kaplan, Y. Sarac
Authors: Hamid S. Al-Jumaili, Mohammed Z. Al-Rawi, Yarub Al-Douri
Abstract: A nanostructured heterojunction of CdS/Cd2x(CuIn)1-xS2 with x=0.2 was prepared by chemical spray pyrolysis on ITO/glass substrate at 350 °C. The X-ray diffraction pattern obtained from CdS/Cd2x(CuIn)1-xS2 solar cell confirmed the formation of Cd2x(CuIn)1-xS2 (CCIS), CuInS2, In2S3, and CdS phases, with crystallite size of 16 nm for CCIS and 26 nm for CdS films. The morphology of the film surface was obtained by AFM technique, which produced a greater grain size of 58.3 nm for CdS and 80 nm for CCIS surfaces. Optical absorbance analysis confirmed the composition-controlled electronic transition in the thin film, and the energy band gap was observed to red shift with the increase in the value of x. The electrical properties produced a P-type conductivity of CCIS with two activation energies. I–V characteristic in dark condition produced unsymmetrical heterojunctions, whereas abrupt-type heterojunctions were produced from the C–V curve. The solar energy conversion efficiencies achieved upon illumination of 100 mW/cm2 were 0.35%, 0.5%, 0.9%, and 1.28% for CCIS thicknesses of 610, 800, 910, and 1000 nm, respectively.
Authors: Sonik Bhatia, Neha Verma, Aman Mahajan, R.K. Bedi
Abstract: In the present research, zinc oxide (ZnO) films have been prepared by simple solution method and spray pyrolysis on different substrates (glass and sapphire) for different molar concentrations (0.2M & 0.25M). The films were subjected to different substrate temperatures (400 °C and 450 °C respectively. These were characterized for SEM and XRD and the average size of the crystallites were in range of 300 and 200nm for the films on Saphire and glass at higher substrate temperature. FTIR analysis has been carried out and optimization conditions were used in order to confirm the significant peaks and phase transformation. The films were subjected to ethanol gas for these substrates and corresponding electrical properties were carried out by two probe method and was found that the films for sapphire substrate prepared by spray pyrolysis method showed more conductance at higher temperatures than glass. Optical properties were also studied for these films and was found that films prepared by spray on sapphire shows less transmittance at higher substrate temperatures in comparison to the films on glass.
Authors: Cosmas Muiva, Stephen T. Sathiaraj, Kelebogile Maabong
Abstract: The versatile chemical spray pyrolysis was used to prepare elongated double tipped ZnO nanoparticles and microsausages on glass substrates. X-ray diffraction studies revealed several crystallographic plane orientations with the most predominant along the (002) direction. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) observations indicated double tipped nanoparticles with an aspect ratio of 4.5-8.6 which coalesced in regular patterns to form microsized sausages of width ranging up to 1.2 µm. The absorption mechanism was through direct transitions with an absorption edge corresponding to a band gap of 3.18 eV.
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