Papers by Keyword: Stacking Fault Energy (SFE)

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Authors: Liang Li, Wen Kai Xiao, Tao Tao Fan, Zhou Quan Zhang
Abstract: By using the Gleeble - 1500 hot simulation test machine we studied 20#, 60Si2Mn, 9Cr18MoV the three kinds of low, medium and high carbon steels to observe the dynamic recovery and recrystallization of ferrite while in the process of thermoplastic deformation. We calculated the hot deformation activation energy of each kind of steel by combining the stress-strain curve we got in the experiment and the theoretical model of Z parameter. It turns out Q9Cr18MoV<Q20#<Q60Si2Mn. In the meanwhile, microstructure observation through transmission electron microscope shows that the dynamic recrystallization of ferrite is more likely to happen in 9Cr18MoV steel than in 20# steel and in 60Si2Mn steel. These results indicate that the dynamic recrystallization of ferrite is not only determined by stacking fault energy but also closely related with the strain storage energy release degree.
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Authors: David Bryan
Abstract: ATI 425® Alloy, nominal composition Ti-4.0Al-2.5V-1.5Fe-0.25O, is a new alpha/beta Ti alloy of significant commercial interest as a viable replacement for Ti-6Al-4V, CP-Ti, and other titanium alloys in a variety of aerospace applications. ATI 425® Alloy offers properties comparable to Ti-6Al-4V alloy with significant improvements in formability, both at room and elevated temperatures. The reasons for the improved formability, particularly at low temperatures, are not well understood. The development of a thorough understanding is complicated by the wide array of phases, microstructures, and deformation paths available via thermomechanical processing in alpha/beta titanium alloys. In this paper, theories of strengthening and dislocation mobility in titanium and HCP metals will be reviewed and applied to better understand why ATI 425® Alloy offers a unique combination of strength and formability not obtainable by conventional alpha/beta titanium alloys. Subsequently, the application of the improved formability to a range of product forms including sheet, tubing, and forgings will be discussed.
543
Authors: Yasuyuki Kaneno, Takayuki Takasugi
Abstract: Microstructural feature of the recrystallized Co-based (Co3Ti) and Ni-based (Ni3(Si,Ti) and Ni3Fe) ordered alloys with L12 structure was investigated by the electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) method, with emphasis on grain boundary character distribution (GBCD). For comparison, the GBCDs of the recrystallized Co-Ni, Ni-Fe and 70/30 brass disordered alloys, and also copper, nickel and aluminum pure metals with A1 (fcc) structure, which have widely different stacking fault energies, were also determined. The frequency of Σ3 boundary for the Co-based alloys was higher than that for the Ni-based alloys, regardless of ordered L12 alloy or disordered fcc alloy, indicating that the frequency of Σ3 boundary was primarily dominated by stacking fault energy. Furthermore, the effect of ordering energy on structure and energy of the grain boundaries including Σ3 boundary in the ordered L12 alloys was discussed.
151
Authors: Toshiyuki Fujii, Shizuma Uju, Chihiro Watanabe, Susumu Onaka, Masaharu Kato
Abstract: Fully reversed tension-compression fatigue tests were performed on solid-solutioned Al-0.7mass%Mg single crystals with a single slip orientation under constant plastic-strain amplitudes. Dislocation microstructures were quantitatively examined by transmission electron microscopy. The cyclic stress–strain curve (CSSC) exhibited three distinct regions with a short plateau region in the intermediate plastic-strain amplitude range, and the plateau stress was 26MPa. Characteristic microstructures were developed corresponding to the three regions in the CSSC. Vein structure was observed at the low strain-amplitude region. In the plateau regime, the persistent slip bands (PSBs) were observed. Labyrinth structure was also observed at the higher strain-amplitude region. The plateau stress, the cyclic flow stress of PSBs, can be explained by considering not only the Orowan bowing stress and the dipole passing stress of screw dislocations but also solid-solution hardening by Mg atoms.
2213
Authors: Yong Suk Kim, Seung Man Nam, Sung Joon Kim
Abstract: Tensile deformation behavior of the high-nitrogen austenitic Fe-18Cr-14Mn-4Ni-3MoxN steel with various nitrogen contents has been studied. The nitrogen content of the steel varied from 0.28 to 0.88 wt. %. Nitrogen atoms in high nitrogen steel (HNS) make an interstitial solid solution by being scattered in the steel constituting a short-range order. They strengthen the austenite matrix without deteriorating ductility of the steel. The present investigation was carried out to elucidate the hardening and plasticizing role of the nitrogen in the HNS by analyzing tensile deformation behavior of the steel containing various nitrogen contents. Tensile tests of the steel specimens were performed at room temperature with a constant strain rate of 5x10-5/sec. Microstructure of the tested specimens was analyzed to explore the deformation mechanism of the HNS as a function of nitrogen contents. The flow stress of the steel increased with the increase of the nitrogen content; however, the specimen with the highest nitrogen content (0.88 wt. %) showed saturated strength and reduced ductility. The superior mechanical property of the HNS was explained by the low stacking fault energy and the twin-induced plasticity provoked by the nitrogen.
117
Authors: Atef S. Hamada, L. Pentti Karjalainen, Mahesh C. Somani, R.M. Ramadan
Abstract: The hot deformation behaviour of two high-Mn (23-24 wt-%) TWIP steels containing 6 and 8 wt-% Al with the fully austenitic and duplex microstructures, respectively, has been investigated at temperatures of 900-1100°C. In addition, tensile properties were determined over the temperature range from -80 to 100°C. It was observed that in spite of the lower Al content, the austenitic steel possessed the hot deformation resistance about twice as high as that of the duplex steel. Whereas the flow stress curves of the austenitic steel exhibited work hardening followed by slight softening due to dynamic recrystallisation, the duplex steel showed the absence of work hardening and discontinuous yielding under similar conditions. Tensile tests at low temperatures revealed that the austenitic grade had a lower yield strength than that of the duplex grade, but much better ductility, the elongation increasing with decreasing temperature, contrary to that for the duplex steel. This can be attributed to the intense mechanical twinning in the austenitic steel, while in the duplex steel, twinning occurred in the ferrite only and the austenite showed dislocation glide.
217
Authors: R. Madhavan, Ranjit K. Ray, Satyam Suwas
Abstract: Rolling texture evolution of pure nickel, and nickel – cobalt alloys containing 20wt.%, 40wt.%, 60wt.% cobalt content has been studied to very large true strain (ε ~ 4). The texture evolution in pure nickel and Ni-20Co was very similar, and resulted in typical Cu-type rolling texture. Microstructural analyses showed that the deformation was mostly slip dominated up to 95% beyond which it shear bands. Deformation twinning was a major deformation mechanism up to 50% reduction, and at higher strains, microstructure showed extensive shear banding. The evolution of final Goss texture in low SFE Ni-Co alloys could be explained based on the twin fraction and shear band volumes which showed grains preferably oriented towards Goss.
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