Papers by Keyword: Stainless Steel Substrate

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Authors: Li Ji, Hong Xuan Li, Fei Zhao, Jian Min Chen, Hui Di Zhou
Abstract: A silicon interlayer was introduced between the DLC films and 202 stainless steel substrate using a medium frequency magnetron sputtering. The adhesion was evaluated by the scratch tests and wear tests together. Two main parameters in the deposition process of Si interlayers, i.e. the sputtering current and pulse bias voltage, were optimized respectively, and the action mechanisms were discussed as well. Moreover, a special treatment with the purpose of forming a complete graded intermixed Si-Fe interface was designed to improve the adhesion strength further. DLC films with good adhesion strength were deposited on 202 stainless steel substrates using a silicon interlayer.
Authors: Yuan Chao Liu, Jun Tie Che, Jing Hao Ren
Abstract: Preparation of carbon nanotubes from the controllable flame is a kind of new method. Experimental apparatus is including controllable flame burner, temperature measuring instrument, mass flow meter and catalyst preparation system, etc. The sampling substrate is the growth platform of carbon nanotubes in the flame. The type316 stainless steel is selected as sampling substrate in the experiment. Carbon monoxide provides carbon source and hydrogen/helium premixed gas acts as protection gas. Characterization of the carbon nanotubes on the stainless steel substrate from the controllable flame is by scanning electron microscope (SEM) and transmission electron microscope (TEM). It was found in the experimental that the iron-based catalyst particles are mainly distributed in the ends of the carbon nanotubes. The experimental results reveal that the growth of carbon nanotubes will be very exuberant if the sampling time is controlled within ten minutes.
Authors: Somchai Thongtem, Pisith Singjai, Titipun Thongtem, Suphaporn Daothong
Abstract: Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) were grown on 304 stainless steel using iron as a catalyst. By using the applied voltages of 4-6 kV, iron wire with 0.5 mm in diameter was sparked for 1, 2, 10 and 100 times to form catalytic dots on the steel substrate. CNTs were subsequently grown in a gas mixture of 10 ml/s Ar and 0.1 ml/s C2H2 at a temperature range 700 - 900 K for 300 s (5 min). The dots and CNTs were characterised using AFM, SEM and TEM to determine their characteristics.
Authors: C.R. Zhu, B.H. Lv, Ju Long Yuan
Abstract: To improve the machining efficiency as well as surface roughness, a resin-bonded fixed abrasive tool is developed for lapping process of stainless steel substrate. To optimize the lapping ability of the fixed abrasive tool, the influences of bond material concentration on the mechanical properties of fixed abrasive lapping tool, including structure hardness, shear strength, the water-absorbing capacity and modulus of elasticity in compression are investigated. The micro structure of tools is also observed. Tools made of #1000 SiC abrasive and resin with different concentrations is employed in the tests. It is found, the hardness, shear strength, and modulus of elasticity in compression reach highest value, as the 35%wt bond material are used. The water-absorbing capacity increases as the bond material concentration decreases. It is judged from the SEM images that the number of pores in tool with 35%wt bond material is at the most.
Authors: Cong Rong Zhu, Bing Hai Lv, Ju Long Yuan
Abstract: To improve the machining efficiency as well as surface roughness, a series of experiments employed fixed abrasive tools are carried out for stainless steel substrate, and influences of properties of fixed abrasive tool on the lapping process are studied. It is found that the resin is the best bonding material in this study. The surface roughness under different concentration of bonding material is similar, and the material removal rate (MRR) increases as the concentration of bonding material decreases from 50% to 20%. But too little of bonding material results into low bond strength that causing low material removal rate. It is also found that higher shear strength, lower wear rate, and the shear strength of the tool with 35% bonding material is the highest. It is obvious that the surface roughness and material removal rate decline as the grit size decreases. The roughness of surface lapped with resin bonded 4000# SiC abrasive tool comes to 18nm, and the material removal rate is 0.63μm/min.
Authors: So Baba, Jae Hyuk Park, Harumichi Sato, Shizuka Nakano, Kiwamu Ashida, Jun Akedo
Abstract: To retain the driving properties of metal-based micro optical scanner derived by aerosol deposition (AD) technique, CO2 laser irradiation was used to anneal the PZT films deposited onto the stainless-steel substrate. Stainless-steel mirror and frame of the scanner with the film annealed by laser irradiation maintained their metallic luster. The scanner with the film annealed by laser irradiation at 600 °C for 1 min has a scanning angle over 30 degree that is comparable with the scanning angle of a similar scanner annealed by electric furnace at 600 °C for 10 min.
Authors: Yin Bo Wang, Yi Ling Chen, Qing Rong Feng
Abstract: We have fabricated several superconducting MgB2 thin films on stainless steel substrates by using hybrid physical-chemical vapor deposition (HPCVD) in pure argon atmosphere. These films were observed by scanning electron microscopes (SEM) and used the energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) to make elements analyses. The film thickness is about 800~1000 nm. There were some cracks on the film surface when the film is bent by different angle. The number of cracks and their width increased with the increasing bending angle. Nevertheless, the films were attached to the substrates firmly. It concludes that the superconducting MgB2 thin films have great ductility and adhesion to the stainless steel substrates. We found in these films many granules about tens of nanometers in size. These nano-granules can balance both the inner structure and the surface activity of the MgB2 crystal. This might be an important reason for the ductility observed with the superconducting thin films. The exact explanation depends on further research.
Authors: Young Chul Jeon, Sung Hoon Kim
Abstract: Carbon coils could be synthesized using C2H2/H2 as source gases and SF6 as an incorporated additive gas under the thermal chemical vapor deposition system. The 304 stainless steel plates and the 100 and/or 300-sized stainless steel meshes were used as the substrates. The characteristics of the deposited carbon nanomaterials without the catalyst on the different substrates were investigated according to the injection time of the SF6 flow. In case of the mesh-type stainless steel substrate, the carbon microcoils could be formed without the Ni catalyst. However the plate-type stainless steel substrate could not give rise to the formation of the carbon microcoils without the catalyst, regardless of the injection time of the SF6 flow. The cause for the formation of the carbon microcoils without the catalyst on the mesh-type substrate was discussed in association with the surface energies for the interaction between the as-growing carbon elements and the surface of the substrate.
Authors: Jin Song Lei, Zhao Qiang Zhang, Yong Yao
Abstract: In this paper, we report the deposition of nano-crystalline silicon flexible solar cells on stainless steel (SS) substrates for application in solar roof. The influence of substrate treatment on the properties of material and the solar cells was studied by Raman spectroscopy, scanning electron microscope, current-voltage (I-V), and Quantum efficiency (QE) measurements. Results suggest that the properties of the Si:H thin films and solar cells were greatly improved by the substrate treatment with surface polishing and the followed Ag/ZnO electrodes deposition.
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