Papers by Keyword: Strain Rate Sensitivity (SRS)

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Authors: Zi Ling Xie, Lin Zhu Sun, Fang Yang
Abstract: A theoretical model is developed to account for the effects of strain rate and temperature on the deformation behavior of ultrafine-grained fcc Cu. Three mechanisms, including dislocation slip, grain boundary diffusion, and grain boundary sliding are considered to contribute to the deformation response simultaneously. Numerical simulations show that the strain rate sensitivity increases with decreasing grain size and strain rate, and that the flow stress and tensile ductility increase with either increasing strain rate or decreasing deformation temperature.
Authors: Anthony D. Rollett, U.F. Kocks
Authors: Buddhisagar Naik
Abstract: Different models have been put forward to explain superplasticity. Most of the models predict the independency of activation energy (Q) on stress. Superplasticity is observed in region II of creep curve (logε Vs σ/E). The most commonly considered mechanism for superplastic flow involves Grain Boundary Sliding (GBS), and it is necessary for an accommodation process to accompany GBS. The accommodation process might be grain boundary migration, recrystalisation, diffusional flow or some dislocation slip process. But the Arrhenius type of equation given by Becker gives the dependency of activation energy on stress. Here in this work we have considered this equation and relation between Q and σ is found out using genetic algorithm. The present model development studies the parameter optimization, where parameters appearing in the stress and energy relationship equation e.g. relationship between Q(σ) and σ for the Q(σ) equation given in present work as well as pre-exponential factors are optimized with the objective function being the error minimization of model predicted values and experimental data of strain are available from open literature.
Authors: Yan Qing Wu, Hui Ji Shi
Abstract: This study looks at the crack propagation characteristics based on the cohesive zone model (CZM), which is implemented as a user defined element within FE system ABAQUS. A planar crystal model is applied to the polycrystalline material at elevated temperature in which grain boundary regions are included. From the point of energy, interactions between the cohesive fracture process zones and matrix material are studied. It’s shown that the material parameter such as strain rate sensitivity of grain interior and grain boundary strongly influences the plastic and cohesive energy dissipation mechanisms. The higher the strain rate sensitivity is, the larger amount of the external work will be transformed into plastic dissipation energy than into cohesive energy which could delay the rupturing of cohesive zone. By comparisons, when strain rate sensitivity decreases, plastic dissipation energy is reduced and the cohesive dissipation energy increases. In this case, the cohesive zones fracture more quickly. In addition to the matrix material parameter, influence of cohesive strength and critical displacement in CZM on stress triaxiality at grain interior and grain boundary regions are also investigated. It’s shown that enhancing cohesive zones ductility could improve matrix materials resistance to void damage.
Authors: Ilchat Sabirov, Yuri Estrin, Matthew R. Barnett, Ilana B. Timokhina, Peter D. Hodgson
Abstract: This work focuses on the effect of strain rate on the deformation behaviour of an ultrafine grained Al alloy 6082 produced by equal channel angular pressing. The uniform tensile elongation was found to increase with decreasing strain rate very substantially. This effect is discussed in terms of the mechanisms that control plastic deformation of the alloy.
Authors: L. Hollang, K. Reuther, S.R. Dey, E. Hieckmann, Werner Skrotzki
Abstract: It is the aim of the present paper to quantify and visualise the grain size induced transition of the deformation mechanism in metal polycrystals from the conventional dislocation–dislocation interaction at large grain sizes to (probably) dislocation–grain boundary interaction in the “nano” region. Since both types of interaction are thermally activated, thermal activation analysis can be used to discriminate between them. For this purpose dynamic tensile tests with stress relaxation tests were performed on pure pulsed electrodeposited nickel with 140 nm grain size at temperatures between 4 and 320 K. The results clearly indicate the transition temperature to be around 77 K. A rather unexpected result is the existence of a second transition of the deformation mechanism, which is only observable at very low temperatures namely from the homogeneous deformation mode governed by conventional dislocation–dislocation interaction towards localized deformation by “catastrophic shear”.
Authors: Kwanghyun Ahn, Hoon Huh
Abstract: The dynamic response of the turbine blade materials is indispensable for analysis of erosions of turbine blades as a result of impulsive loading associated with gas flow. This paper is concerned with the dynamic hardening equation of the Nickel-based superalloy Inconel 718 which is widely used in the high speed turbine blade. Reported representative dynamic hardening equations have been constructed and evaluated using the dynamic hardening characteristics of the Inconel 718. Dynamic hardening characteristics of the Inconel 718 have been obtained by uniaxial tensile tests and SHPB tests. Uniaxial tensile tests have been performed with the variation of the strain rate from 0.001/sec to 100/sec and SHPB tests have been conducted at the strain rate ranging up to 4000/sec. Several existing models have been constructed and evaluated for Johnson-Cook model, Zerilli-Armstrong model, Preston-Tonks-Wallace model, modified Johnson-Cook model, and modified Khan-Huang model using test results at various strain rate conditions. The most applicable equation for the Inconel 718 has been suggested by comparison of constructed results.
Authors: Hee Jong Lee, Jung Han Song, Hoon Huh
Abstract: This paper is concerned with the thermo-mechanical behavior of steel sheet for an autobody including the temperature dependent strain-rate sensitivity. Tensile tests have been carried out with the high strength steel sheets such as SPRC35R, SPRC45E and TRIP60. The tensile tests were performed with the variation of the strain-rates from 0.001/s to 200/s and with the variation of environmental temperatures from -40 to 200. The thermo-mechanical response at the quasi-static state is obtained with the static tensile test and the one at the intermediate strain-rate is obtained with the high speed tensile test. Both the strain-rate and the temperature sensitivity of the flow stress are calculated for the quantitative evaluation of thermo-mechanical behavior of steel sheets. The results demonstrate that as the strain-rate increases, the variation of the flow stress becomes more dependent on the temperature. The results also indicate that the material properties of SPRC35R are more sensitive to the strain-rate and the temperature than those of SPRC45E and TRIP60.
Authors: J.A. del Valle, Oscar A. Ruano
Abstract: The effect of annealing treatments on the evolution of the strain rate sensitivity with strain of AZ61 magnesium alloy processed by severe rolling was investigated and related to previous results on normal plastic anisotropy (r-value). The various annealing treatments produce two effects on the microstructure: grain coarsening and slight weakening of the texture. In addition, these treatments produce a noticeable decrease in strain rate sensitivity and an increase of work hardening rate that is related to the decrease of the anisotropy. It is concluded that these effects are related to an enhanced contribution of basal slip as a consequence of the microstructural changes induced by the annealing treatments.
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