Papers by Keyword: Structural Relaxation

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Authors: Masaru Aniya, Masahiro Ikeda, Sahara
Abstract: In order to investigate the relationship between the bonding nature and the cooperative relaxation, a comparative study of the relaxation behavior in polymeric and metallic glass forming systems has been performed based on the Bond Strength–Coordination Number Fluctuation (BSCNF) model developed by the authors. In the present work, we studied the correlations between the fragility m, the Vogel temperature T0, the degree of molecular cooperativity NB, and the Kohlrausch exponent βKWW. The results show that T0 and NB increase, whereas βKWW decreases systematically with the increase of m. Reflecting the difference of the interatomic interactions of the materials considered, the analysis by the present study reveals that the value of NB in ion-conducing polymers is about 5 times larger than that in metallic systems, and for each system, the material dependence of βKWW is clearly seen in the fragility index m and the cooperativity NB.
Authors: Aurel Raduta, Mircea Nicoară, Cosmin Locovei
Abstract: A research program has been completed in order to analyze structural changes during heating of amorphous alloys belonging to Fe-Ni-P system. Special attention has been given to thermodynamics and mechanism of crystallization, to determine some aspects of development for crystalline phases. Experimental material used to determine characteristics of crystallization consisted in long ribbons, 30 thick and 18 mm wide, fabricated by mean of “Planar Flow casting” as amorphous Fe42Ni38P16B4 alloy. Differential Thermal Analysis (DTA) and X-rays diffraction have been used to determine crystallization temperature of this alloy. Curves of differential thermal analysis for heating rates ranging between 1°C/minute and 20 °C/minute have been used to determine activation energy of crystallization.
Authors: Kazumasa Yamada, M. Ito, Masaaki Tatsumiya, Yoshiaki Iijima, Kazuaki Fukamichi
Authors: Vladimir Z. Bengus, Gabriel Vlasák, P. Duhaj, Václav Ocelík, Elena D. Tabachnikova, G.V. Biletchenko, E.B. Korolkova, L.D. Son, V.S. Tsepelev, S.V. Orlov, V.V. Smirnov
Authors: Mária Chromčíková, Marek Liška
Abstract: An brief overview of the selected thermo-physical measurements realized in the VILA laboratories for the glass industry and for the fundamental research of glass is presented. Among the routine measurements realized for the glass industry the thermodilatometry for measuring the glass transition temperature, and linear thermal expansion coefficients of glass and metastable glassforming melt are described in detail. The fact that the glass transition temperature is not a single valued physical quantity is stressed in connection with the measurement time temperature schedule. The probably most important quantity related to the glass production technology is the viscosity. Its measurement in the range extending ten orders of magnitude is described. The combination of the falling ball method, the rotation viscosimetry and the thermomechanical analysis is needed to cover the above viscosity range. Among the methods used in the fundamental research of glass structure and properties the study of structural relaxation is overviewed. Here the own method of combined viscous flow and structure relaxation TMA measurement is described in detail.
Authors: M. Eggers, V.A. Khonik, Hartmut Neuhäuser
Abstract: By means of the vibrating reed technique, measurements of internal friction have been performed in the temperature range of 120 K < T < Tg (= glass temperature) on two amorphous alloys, each produced as ribbon and bulk material. The different contents of free volume result in an only slight shift of the onset of irreversible structural relaxation to lower temperatures (i.e., lower activation energies) for the ribbons, while considerably different amounts of structural relaxation occur. After correcting for the thermoelastic effect, the reversible structural relaxation, i.e., an approximately exponential increase of damping with rising temperature, is well described by KWW kinetics (β ≈ 0.3). For the Zr-based alloy only, a clear relaxation peak occurs in the range from 270 K to 320 K (for the first flexural vibration mode between 100 Hz and 400 Hz) induced by hydrogenation. In addition, the effect of plastic deformation on the damping behavior by cold rolling of the bulk materials has been examined.
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