Papers by Keyword: Structural Topology Optimization

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Authors: Xing Guo Hu, He Ming Cheng
Abstract: In the evolutionary structural optimization (ESO) using the rejection ratio, the criterion of the inefficient material removal cant generally be lowered during the optimization process because the rejection ratio cant be decreased. Owing to this, some sorts of structures in special load cases cannot be optimized smoothly; or the late optimization of an ordinary structure is terminated suddenly when the removal of material abruptly increases excessively. The paper puts forward the Evolutionary Structural Optimization using Material Efficiency Grades (ESO-MEG) in order to eliminate the unfavorable effects of the rejection ratio on the results of ESO. The ESO-MEG can determine inefficient material in a structural optimization according to the efficiency grades of each part of material, so it can adjust timely and flexibly the criterion of inefficient material removal. The research shows that the ESO-MEG is applicable to the optimization of different sorts of structures in varying sorts of load cases, so generalization of this method has a broad prospect.
Authors: Xing Guo Hu, He Ming Cheng
Abstract: In the tradition Evolutionary Structural Optimization (ESO), the maximum value of inefficient material efficiency equates to the product of the rejection rate and the maximum value of all material efficiency. However, the rejection rate cannot be adjusted flexibly according to the trend of optimization, and the maximum value of all material efficiency may mutate abruptly (become larger or smaller). These two factors may cause that material may sometimes be removed less, sometimes too much. In view of the defect of the traditional evolutionary structural optimization, the Evolutionary Structural Optimization Using the Minor Value of Material Efficiency (ESO-MVME) is proposed in this paper. The maximum value of the inefficient material is close to the minimum value of material efficiency, and has nothing to do with the reject rate and the maximum value of material efficiency. The study finds that the ESO-MVME method has a better applicability than the traditional ESO, and can obtain a better optimization result.
Authors: Meng Jiao, Xu Hong Guo, Dong Dong Wan
Abstract: Taking the bed of a large machine tool as an example, static stiffness and modal analysis were studied by the software HyperWorks. Based on the results of the finite element analysis the structural topology optimization of the bed was compiled, with the optimization target is minimum volume of the rib plate and the bed constraint conditions are stiffness and natural frequency. The lightest topology shape of the bed was obtained in the premise of its stiffness and strength which can provide the guidance for the next precise design of the structure. The results showed that the mass of the bed was reduced by 8.58% while the stiffness improved 7.41%.
Authors: Yong Wang, Guo Niu Zhu, Zheng Wei Zhu
Abstract: Structural topology optimization has got a general acceptance in recent years in mechanical design due to its powerful technique for conceptual design. The shortcoming of current development process of mechanical design is discussed and a new approach with structural topology optimization is put forward. The application of the method demonstrates that through innovative utilization of the topology optimization techniques, a multitude of conceptual design proposals based on the design space and design targets can be obtained and then a CAD model with high quality which has a positive impact on the development process is also available.
Authors: Chang Yu Cui, Bao Shi Jiang, Hong Yan Zheng
Abstract: The structural morphogenesis methods are numerical methods for seeking various‘good structure shape’ based on mathematical and mechanical principles. The methods are to realize the coordination between structural shape and mechanical properties. In this paper, the height adjusting method and Extended-ESO (extended evolutionary structural optimism) method are successfully applied in practical engineering design schemes, which could be a meaningful reference and a powerful tool to the present design in structural shape and mechanical performance.
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