Papers by Keyword: Sulfur

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Authors: Cheng Zhou Chen, Wei Ze Wang, Kai Di Cheng
Abstract: The vessel containing sulfur particles has been found failing due to the effect of corrosion and erosion by the sulfur particles. Several coatings, including zinc-aluminum coating, wear-resistance painting and two kinds of polymer, have been provided to resist the negative influence of sulfur in the present study. The wear and corrosion resistance of the selected coatings has been measured to study the performance difference. Impact test has also been done to investigate the bonding condition of coatings under the impact or bending load. The microstructure of coatings before and after wear test is observed by the Optical Microscope (OM) and Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM). The experiment results reveal that one of the polymer coatings shows the best performance in the corrosion resistance, another polymer coating’s wear resistance is better than others. The coatings are bonded well with the substrate except the zinc-aluminum coating. The performance of painting is ordinary in this investigation.
Authors: René Le Gall, Guy Saindrenan, D. Roptin
Authors: Costanza Nolasco, Patricia A. Chiacchiarini, Teresa Laura Lavalle, Alejandra Giaveno
Abstract: The extremely thermophilic archaea have become a research hotspot in the recent years because of their extreme living conditions, physicochemical characteristics such as the oxidation of sulphur, metal sulphide ore and excellent leaching capability of metal sulphides. A novel thermoacidophilic archaea (ALE1 strain) of the genus Acidianus, Candidatus Acidianus copahuensis, was isolated from the Copahue Volcano area, in Neuquén, Argentina. This strain was able to metabolize different sulphur compounds under aerobic and anaerobic conditions. ALE1 strain was inoculated in M88, a selective medium for thermoacidophilic archaea recommended by DSMZ. Elemental sulphur (So) and potassium tetrathionate (T) were used alternatively as the energy source, while oxygen and iron (III) were the electron acceptors in the aerobic and anaerobic tests respectively. All systems were incubated at 70oC in shake flasks. The pH, Eh, [H+] and cell concentration were measured. The results from the aerobic test confirm that ALE1 strain was able to oxidize (So) and (T) decreasing the pH significantly, reaching the values 1 and 1.5, respectively. A light yellow precipitate was formed only in the inoculated systems in presence of (T). It was characterized by SEM and FTIR techniques showing that only sulphur atoms are bonded together in some way not confirmed yet. In the anaerobic tests, it was found that ALE1 was able to oxidize sulphur and tetrathionate ion transferring electrons to iron (III) acceptor. The Eh decreased in all inoculated systems from nearly 500mV to 300mV approximately. This work shows that ALE1 strain is helping to keep active the sulphur cycle in the Copahue volcanic environment; however the challenge is to elucidate the metabolism involved.
Authors: Katsuhiro Yokota, Youji Tachino, Shinya Shimizu, Kazuhiro Nakamura, Yukihira Sekine, Masanori Watanabe, Hideto Takano
Authors: Joel Barnett, Richard Hill, Prashant Majhi
Abstract: The continued scaling of CMOS devices to the sub-16 nm technology node will likely be achieved with new architectures, such as FinFETs and high mobility substrates, including compound semiconductors (III-V). At these technology nodes, abrupt channel doping profiles with high dopant activation will be needed under low thermal budget environments for III-V materials. Ion implantation into III-V materials presents a problem as it induces crystal damage, which can alter the stoichiometry in a manner that is difficult to recover. The residual damage can lead to higher junction leakage and lower dopant activation. This paper presents a potentially defect-free alternative, mono-layer doping (MLD), which utilizes wet processing techniques.
Authors: Ning Zhang, Wei Qing Han, Lian Jun Wang
Abstract: The oxidation of sulfide was investigated at a potential of about -0.1 V, 60 °C and electrolyzation time of 48 h, the sulfide ions were oxidized to sulfur and polysulfide, and the predominant polysulphide was S22-. The behavior of the anodic oxidation was highly dependant on the applied temperature and the concentration of the sulfide ions.
Authors: Yu.A. Kandrina, Alexey N. Babushkin, S.N. Shkerin, Yana Volkova
Authors: C.A.J. Ammerlaan, P.T. Huy
Authors: Yoshinori Murata, Masaaki Nakai, K. Nagai, Masahiko Morinaga, Y. Sasaki, Ryokichi Hashizume
Abstract: The effect of S in steels on high-temperature steam oxidation resistance was investigated with respect to the content and the state in high Cr ferritic steels. The beneficial sulfur effect on high-temperature steam oxidation resistance was verified in high Cr ferritic steels. It was considered that Cr was enriched in the vicinity of the segregated S on the specimen surface because of a strong affinity between Cr and S atoms, resulting in the easy formation of the passive Cr2O3 oxide layer on the surface even after the steam oxidation test for a short time. It was found that the precipitated S operated more effectively to the improvement of the steam oxidation resistance compared to the solid-solution state of S in the steels. Furthermore, the sulfur effect on the high temperature steam oxidation resistance was related strongly to the amount of dissolution hydrogen in the high Cr ferritic steels.
Authors: Li Mei Sun, Jiang Wu
Abstract: The effect of microbiological treatment of low-rank coal with an anaerobic microbial consortium on theirs characteristics and composition has been inwestigated. A large amount of pyrite sulfur is removed and coal ash is decreased with anaerobic conditions in closed flask. After biological treatment of these low-rank coals in a continuously operationg flow reactor without air blowiong and with everyday aeration, coal ash reduction is found to be more significant under conditions of reactor aeration due to activation of facultative microorganisems. In some time, some metals are removed from two kinds of low-rank coals, includiing iron, manganese, potassium, lithium, toxic and trace metals. The exchange of elements between coal and mineral culture medium depends on coal rank. Metal leaching is higher for higher rank coal.
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