Papers by Keyword: Surface Alloying

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Authors: I. Foroutan, Arash Rezaei, Ali Shokuhfar
Abstract: Surface alloying is a new method of surface treatment by which an element is diffused into the surface of another element causing the formation of a solid solution on its surface. Using this method, the problems of casting methods have been eliminated. In this method, the sample is sunk into an aqueous solution and is connected to the cathode. Applying enough voltage, lithium separated from lithium sulphat-sulfuric acid solution diffuses into the aluminum surface. The depth of diffusion into the aluminum is measured to be 50 to 500μm according to the diffusion time which is selected to be 1 to 24 hours. Experiments showed that the formed layer is very uniform. It was also concluded from the experiments that hardness is increased extensively, with the maximum value of 98HV, and fatigue life is increased by the factor 4. It was also shown that the toughness, yield stress and ultimate tensile strength of samples are the same as those of pure aluminum.
Authors: Thierry Grosdidier, J.X. Zou, Jiang Wu, X.D. Zhang, K.M. Zhang, Ai Min Wu, Sheng Zhi Hao, Chuang Dong
Abstract: High current pulsed electron beam (HCPEB) is a fairly new technique for surface modifications, including hardening, alloying and formation of metastable phases. The present contribution gives some new insights on the microstructure modifications encountered at the top surface of HCPEB treated metals. In particular, the potential of the technique for structure modifications associated with the use of the pulsed electron beam under “heating” and “melting” conditions are highlighted.
Authors: Anke Dalke, Anja Buchwalder, Heinz Joachim Spies, Horst Biermann, Rolf Zenker
Abstract: Within the last years, considerable progress was achieved in the research field of plasma nitriding of Al alloys. However, due to large property differences between the very hard AlN layer and the soft Al matrix material the load capacity of the nitride layer is limited. Electron beam (EB) surface alloying modifies the chemical composition of the area near the surface up to a certain depth. This, for instance, results in high hardness levels, and therefore this layer acts as support for the hard and wear-resistant thin AlN layer generated by plasma nitriding. In the present study, surface modifications produced by a combination of EB alloying with Fe based additives and plasma nitriding of wrought, cast and spray-formed Al alloys were investigated. After the EB treatment the layers were examined regarding their influence on the structure, the nitride layer growth mechanism, the effect of the EB layer for the support of the AlN layer and the resulting duplex layer properties, e.g. hardness and wear behaviour.
Authors: Hong Ye, Zhong Lin Yan
Abstract: Magnesium alloy is an important engineering materials,but the wider application is restricted by poor corrosion and wear resistance. In the present study, an attempt was made to enhance corrosion resistance and microhardness of Mg alloy AZ91D by electron beam alloying. Flame spray method was used to prepare Al coating on the surface of AZ91D magnesium alloy, then remelted by high power electron beam. The microstructure and composition of the coating were analyzed in detail. Al-Mg diffusion was produced between the coating and the substrate to lead to the re-distribution of alloy elements in the melted layer. The coating was mainly composed of Al-Mg solid solution, Mg-Al intermetallic compounds and Mg-Al solid solution transition zone. Microhardness of the alloying layer was enhanced to 220 HV0.05 as compared to 70-80 HV0.05 of the substrate, due to the intermetallic phase formation, such as Mg2Al3 and Mg17Al12. These phases were good to improve anticorrosion property of AZ91D alloy.
Authors: Wolf-Dieter Schneider, H.-V. Roy, P. Fayet, F. Patthey, Bernard Delley, Carlo Massobrio
Authors: Xing Fu Rong, Shuo Rong, Zhi Yu Qin
Abstract: The performing features of workpiece cathode (W electrode) and the orificed hollow cathode (P electrode) in the triple-cathode plasma surface alloying system are studied. Current densities of the W cathode and the P cathode are obtained under the conditions of the different voltages and the different chamber pressures, based on which current transmitting densities of the orifice of the P cathode are obtained and the conditions of plasma plume flow occurrences are, combined with the observe records of experiments, discussed and analyzed.
Authors: Xu Zhang, Xi Shan Xie, Zhong Xu
Authors: Nihal Ekmekci, Bülent Ekmekci
Abstract: Hydroxyapatite (HA) is bioactive and biocompatible bioceramics that is commonly used as a filler to replace amputated bone or as a coating to promote bone ingrowth into prosthetic implants. The need to overcome biocompatibility problems and improve the bone bonding ability enforced the researchers to develop suitable coating techniques. Feasibility of Powder Mixed Electrical Discharge Machining of Ti-6Al-4V alloy with HA additives in water dielectric liquid is studied as an alternative coating technique. Machined samples are analyzed by means of optical, scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive spectroscopy. The experimental results have revealed that it is possible to deposit HA powders onto the work material surface by using the process. The morphology of the deposited material signified the dependency with respect to the operational parameters such as pulse on duration and current. Moderate pulse currents together with low pulse on duration were found to be the plausible choices for HA coating applications.
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