Papers by Keyword: Surface Crack

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Authors: Ming Tian Li, Jun Lian He
Abstract: The inclined surface cracks are under the mixed mode I,II,III loading conditions. Direct tension experiments of brittle materials with surface crack have been carried out. The crack growth process, fracture pattern and the initiation angle of the surface crack were attained. In order to analyze the mixed-mode fracture criterion of the surface crack in brittle materials stress intensity factor of the crack front of the surface crack was calculated based on the FRANC3d firstly. And then the minimum strain energy density criterion, the maximum circumferential stress criterion and the revised maximum circumferential stress criterion were used to calculate the initiation angle. The revised maximum circumferential stress criterion proved to be fit for the attained experimental results.
Authors: Bao Liang Liu, Xiang Qiao Yan, Xin Ke Xiao
Abstract: Due to the stress concentration effect around the hole, cracks are likely to initiate at the hole under the action of fatigue loading. This paper is specifically concerned with cracks emanating from a surface semi-spherical cavity in a finite body by using the boundary element software FRANC3D developed by a fracture mechanics investigation group of Cor-nell University. The numerical results can reveal the effect of the geometry of the surface cavity on the stress intensity factors.
Authors: Yoon Suk Chang, Hyun Su Kim, Tae Eun Jin
Authors: Pei Juan Lu, Jie Yang, Cong Bin Huang
Abstract: The relationship between surface crack tip stress intensity factor and calculated parameters of pavement structure is discussed and finite element models based on the fracture mechanics theory is created. From the study in this paper, the following conclusions can be drawn: As the load increases, stress intensity factor will decrease, and it may promote spread of the crack. Surface layer modulus has a great influence on stress intensity factor. In the condition of the same crack depth, stress intensity factor increases while surface layer modulus increases, stress intensity factor decreases gradually while the thickness of the surface layer increases. As base layer modulus increasing, stress intensity factor of surface layer decreases. With the increase of the modulus of subbase layer, stress intensity factor of surface layer decreases gradually. The earthen foundation module has a little big influence. With the increase of the earthen foundation module, stress intensity factor will decrease, so it can delay the appearance of the crack.
Authors: Marko Rakin, B. Medjo, Miodrag Arsić, Ž. Šarkoćević, I. Ivanović, Aleksandar Sedmak
Abstract: Seam casing pipe used in an oil drilling rig, manufactured by high frequency (HF) contact welding of API J55 steel, is tested. The influence of an initial defect (machined surface crack) is analysed, by performing pressure test of a pipe segment closed at both ends. Besides the damages at the internal surface, casing pipes are exposed to damage at the external surface, which is why such configuration is analysed here. Measurement of strains and crack mouth opening displacement (CMOD) enabled the application of direct method for J integral evaluation. This procedure is based on the path independence of the J integral and can be applied both in laboratory conditions (on specimens) and on structures. However, it requires a demanding experimental - computational procedure, which is accomplished here using the developed routine. Additionally, the behaviour of the pipe under internal pressure, including fracture mechanics parameters determination, is modelled numerically (by finite element method) in software package Abaqus. The pressure is applied as distributed load acting on the inner surface of the three-dimensional model, and axial tension is applied at the end of the pipe to simulate the closed end. J integral values determined numerically and using direct method are used for estimation of the critical pressure corresponding to the crack growth initiation. Additionally, plastic limit load, i.e. pressure which causes yielding of the ligament, is determined. Based on the results, criteria for pipe integrity assessment are discussed
Authors: Kenji Machida, Takanori Ueno
Abstract: We developed the 3-D local hybrid method to evaluate the 3-D stress field inside the specimen from displacement data on the free surface obtained from the 2-D intelligent hybrid method. When a uniform load was applied to the structure with a surface crack, high accuracy was already acquired in stress analyses. The 3-D local hybrid method was anew applied to a structure with a surface crack which is subjected to bending load. It is expected that the accuracy depends on local model size. In this study, the width, the thickness and the height of the local model were changed widely, and analyses were carried out. Then the size of the local model necessary for the analyses was examined. Assessment of analyses was performed by comparing J integral value of a whole model and a local model.
Authors: Shiuh Chuan Her, Sheng Tung Lin
Abstract: Surface cracks are the most common defects in structures. Ultrasonic has been widely used as a non-destructive evaluation technology in the case of crack characterization. In this investigation, surface waves are applied to a steel block with artificial slots to characterize the crack depth. A series of test specimen with different depths of surface crack ranging from 4mm to 10mm was fabricated. The depth of the surface crack was evaluated using the pitch-catch ultrasonic technology. In this work, 2.25 MHz, 5 MHz and 10 MHz of incident waves were employed to investigate the effect of frequency on the crack depth detection. Experimental test results show that the accuracy of crack depth detection is increasing with the increase of frequency.
Authors: Werner Daves, Wei Ping Yao, Stephan Scheriau
Abstract: Surface cracks arising during rolling sliding contact of a wheel and a rail are investigated. A two-dimensional crack model is proposed which calculates the crack driving force using the configurational force concept. The numerical applicability of the configurational force concept for surface shear cracks under cyclic contact loading is discussed and compared to the J-integral concept. A single inclined crack in a rail loaded by an accelerated wheel is investigated. The material of the rail is described by a cyclic plastic kinematic hardening model. The evolution of the crack driving force during several cycles is investigated.
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