Papers by Keyword: Surface Texture

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Authors: J. Song, L. Ma, E. Whitenton, T. Vorburger
Abstract: Autocorrelation and cross-correlation functions are proposed for 2D and 3D surface texture comparisons. At the maximum correlation point of the two correlated surface textures, there is a peak shown at the cross-correlation curve. It is proposed to generate a difference function at the maximum correlation point for evaluation of the difference between the two compared surface textures. Based on this method, the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) bullet signature measurement system is developed for the bullet signature measurements of NIST standard bullets.
Authors: Hao Kai Yang, Yu Yang Tu
Abstract: Surface texturing has become a technique to reduce friction and wear in cutting process; laser surface texturing is a method used to create micro-dimples on the interface surface. It is considered that cutting of titanium is difficult. As the experiments are costly and time demanding, metal cutting modeling provides an alternative way for better understanding of machining processes under different cutting conditions. In this paper a 3D finite element model has been used to simulate the cutting process of titanium alloy Ti6Al4V to predict the cutting forces and temperatures.
Authors: Vlad Diciuc
Abstract: Ball nose end mills are being extensively used for 3-5 axes milling processes but research is still being conducted on the behavior of this type of tool and on the factors that influence its lifespan. The current paper presents the comparative study results of the tool wear, tool life and machined surface quality when 4 axes milling and 5 axes milling annealed C45 workpiece.
Authors: Sheng Huai Wang, Yu Rong Chen, Tie Bang Xie
Abstract: For the measurement of areal surface texture, a non-contact measurement method for areal surface texture based on the co-integration of optical microscopy image measurement and white light microscopy interference measurement is proposed, which measures not only 2D size of length but also 3D surface texture. Based on this method, a 2D&3D optical microscopy measurement system for areal surface texture has been developed. It consists of compound optical microscopy imaging system, 3D precision displacement system, hardware circuit, and corresponding software. The practicality and effectiveness of the proposed method of measurement have been verified by the measurement results.
Authors: Zhong Ren Wang, Yu Feng Zou, Fan Zhang
Abstract: Machine vision technique is an advanced method for tool wear monitoring. In this article, a holding system has been designed and fabricated to realize the combination of machine tools and machine vision system. On-machine experiments were carried out to test the effect of this method. Experimental results indicate that tool condition monitoring can be successfully accomplished by analyzing texture feature information extracted from the machined surface.
Authors: Zhi Wei Wang, Mei Wei Chen, Jian Wei Wu, Hai Hui Zheng, Xiao Feng Zheng
Abstract: Surface texture of tribological interfaces has the potential to improve friction and lubrication performance of various mechanical components. This review paper emphasizes on the current status of the research of surface texture, including the features, the effects on tribological performance, the forming techniques, and the modeling and simulation of surface texture. It is intended to help readers to gain a more comprehensive view on surface texture of tribological interfaces.
Authors: Zhi Meng Chen, Jian Fu Zhang, Ping Fa Feng, Zhi Jun Wu
Abstract: The cutting force, cutting temperature and mechanisms are studied by Finite Element Method during the orthogonal metal cutting of Ti-6Al-4V with micro-textured cutting tools. The relation between the texture’s antifriction effect and the parameter of the textures is analyzed. The Derivative-Cutting phenomenon is found when cutting Ti-6Al-4V using textured tools. The mechanisms about how the micro-textured tools change the frictional behavior in the chip-tool interface are explained using Derivative-Cutting characteristic. The antifriction performance of micro-textured cutting tools in the metal cutting process is discussed. The cutting force and cutting temperature is decreased effectively in the cutting simulation with the micro-textured tools manufactured in reasonable parameters.
Authors: Toms Torims, Janis Vilcans, Marcis Zarins, Valdis Brutans, Andris Ratkus
Abstract: New technology has been developed to permit repair work on one of the main and most important components of shipboard diesel engines—the crankshaft—without removing it from engine. It is no longer necessary to dismantle the whole engine and as such, this innovative technology significantly reduces repair costs. However, the impact of this novel grinding technology on the surface roughness parameters is not yet clear and requires additional scientific analysis. Machining technology and cutting regimes, as well as the material of the tool being used, all have a direct impact on the surface texture and consequently on the quality of the repair as a whole. Therefore, to realise this innovation, it is necessary to carry out additional research into the impact of grinding technology parameters on the surface formation of the crankshaft main and crankpin bearings (journals). Current roughness research is usually restricted to two-dimensional surface roughness parameters—simple profile analysis. Nevertheless, in practice any surface has three dimensions, which give it a characteristic texture. It is therefore also necessary to create a new theoretical 3-D surface model for crankshaft bearings surfaces. This will allow us to analyse the full-scale impact of technological grinding regimes on the actual three-dimensional surface. This study revealed that optimal 3-D surface roughness (texture) parameters for crankshafts depend upon: the mean arithmetical deviation of the surface, RaT, and two perpendicular surface spacing parameters between the peaks Sm1 and Sm2. Multifactorial research shows individual significance of each technological regime and overall impact on the 3-D parameter RaT, Sm1 and Sm2. The approach and methodology adopted for the experiments enabled us to identify the optimal and most appropriate grinding technology parameters.
Authors: Q. Qi, X. Liu, Xiang Qian Jiang
Abstract: To meet the requirements of next generation Geometrical Product Specification and Verification (GPS), a surface texture information system integrated with AutoCAD is developed. The information system mainly consists of three parts: a surface texture database containing large amount of surface texture specification information, inference algorithms and interfaces with AutoCAD, so that unambiguous, explicit and complete specification for design, manufacture and verification of surface texture can be provided in AutoCAD for function assurance.
Authors: Julian Müller, Rene Illek, Gordana Michos, Karsten Faust, Markus Hubert, Jörg Franke
Abstract: Due to the increase of product complexity, 5 axes machining centers are becoming more and more important. Rotary tables are usually chosen for the 4th and 5th axis. Additional hydraulic or pneumatic mounting clamps are often needed on these tables. The feeding of the required media is realized by a so-called rotary manifold. For this application, commonly several rotary seals are used to seal the transmitted media. Different sealing materials, based on the carrier polymer PTFE, have been examined during this research. In tribological model tests, friction and wear characteristics have been investigated during an oscillating movement under dry run conditions and equal load spectrums (surface pressure). The counter running surfaces were specific textured as a result of various machining processes to research the effects of possible micro-and macroscopic patterning on the sealing system. The tribological behavior of the analyzed combinations and the topography of the counter surfaces have been evaluated.
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