Papers by Keyword: Sustainable Architecture

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Authors: Alžbeta Križánková
Abstract: The year 1973 was a breakthrough year in the development of architecture. It triggered a crisis in society as well as the end of a period of relative prosperity and wasting of energy, which until then did not constitute a limiting factor. The crisis has forced to seek a new and more efficient architecture. The following decades were each in their own way characteristic particular in how architects approached to reduce the energy consumption of buildings and how they resolved the relationship of the building to the surrounding and the environment at all. My paper maps ecological ideas in architecture in Slovakia on the background of broader context. Initial decade was about searching and experiments. Mainly theoretical and research projects appeared. In the following period, first projects implementing ecological ides were built, e.g. experimental residential house in Holíč or solar house in Levice. Ecological aspects in architecture ascended to the real centre of interest in Slovakia from the 90s. After the change of political situation, sustainability was perceived more intense, as evidenced by a greater number of ecological houses of this period. Alternative building materials as well as the effort to reduce energy consumption were the driving force to the design of new buildings. New ideas often associated with an endeavor to define an appearance of ecological architecture are observable in many buildings, e.g. clay houses or solar collector house in Zvolen. My paper documents the development of sustainable architecture in Slovakia from the first attempts to the standardization of sustainable architecture with characteristic examples of ecologically conscious architecture of mentioned periods.
Authors: Hu Peng, Yu Liu, Ying Le Zhang, Meng Qi Tan, Chao Gan
Abstract: In recent years, sustainable building has been attracting increasingly more interests and attention in the world; as the same time, it is experiencing a high-speed progress and many landmark buildings have been built as green, ecological or sustainable buildings. In China, designers, professors and students in the architecture realm are encouraged to get involved in sustainable architecture design practically/theoretically. With this background this paper presents a case study of a sustainable architectural design, which contains concepts and ideas of integrated sustainable architectural design and a human-oriented “User’s Manual” based on a sustainable architectural information system, hoping to induce more profound discussions in the sustainable architectural design area.
Authors: Lin Zhang, Hu Peng, Liao Liao Xi, Lin Cheng
Abstract: Nowadays, with the deteriorating environment, people are increasingly concerned about the ecological environment and sustainable development. More and more architects are committed to sustainable building design and research. In China, designers, professors and students in the architecture realm are encouraged to get involved into sustainable architecture design practically/theoretically. With this background this paper presents a case study of a sustainable architectural design called “Painter’s House”, which concentrates on the openness and ecology of architecture. It contains concepts and ideas of functional diversity, integrated sustainable architectural design, as well as “eco-box”, hoping to induce more profound discussion in the sustainable architectural design area.
Authors: Mátyás Fehér, Gergely Dobszay
Abstract: The preservation and revitalization of the large number of old buildings in our cities is an important task of sustainable architecture. New and changing functions often pose new requirements for the structures of these buildings; therefore it is also often necessary to verify the fire-resistance of brick vaults. Vaults are robust constructions, but their sizing is not an easy task, because like most old structures their material properties and geometry may be unknown due to their inaccessible position. Vaults that at first estimate appear completely adequate may turn out to be questionable after more detailed calculations.
Authors: Elena V. Pimenova, Evgeniya V. Irmanova
Abstract: The article deals with the relevance of the formation of educational institutions buildings in cooperation with higher education institutions. On the basis of modern tendencies of the education development the basic typological groups of the educational organisations are revealed which are basic elements in the general system of the higher education. The necessity of architectural formation of the school as the main component in the system of school-University interaction is determined. On the basis of the conducted researches are revealed the main directions and methods of architectural formation of buildings of the General educational organisations, namely schools in the structure of higher educational institutions (universities). The basic architectural and planning principles of designing school buildings in the structure of university complexes are defined. The conceptual model of architectural formation of a school building in the conditions of education continuity is developed: general-higher, on the example of Don State Technical University.
Authors: Djamil Benghida
Abstract: Sustainable concrete is nowadays one of the biggest challenges in the construction industry. Performance-based specifications for concrete can materially help meet this new challenge while supporting the concept of “sustainable construction”. Concrete can be found in almost every building structure, be it a pavement, a bridge, a house, a tunnel or a dam. Scholars nowadays are researching the best balanced mix in concrete in order to diminish its environmental impact, especially the cement component which is known for its high carbon emissions. This paper describes concrete durability and outlines what project specifications will significantly influence concrete performance, including its environmental impacts. The paper argues that, despite the sustainability of concrete, concerted efforts on the part of scientists and engineers are still necessary to improve the design of concrete in order to ensure their expected sustainable quality and reliability.
Authors: Jun Hua Yu
Abstract: As known to all, the emission of greenhouse gases is mainly caused by human activities. If we could cut down the emission, we could gradually prevent the influence of climate change. Relevant research shows that in the field of energy consumption, the control of CO2 emission is the most effective way to save energy. Thus, reducing the architectural energy consumption is one of the most crucial factors to realize global climate goals. Although more and more scholars prefer to use the word ‘dilemma’ to describe the urgent contradiction between architectural construction and environment, and energy as well, I still want to discuss the influence of global warming on the architecture industry, and explain why it is an opportunity as well.
Authors: Lokman Hakim Ismail, Magda Sibley, Izudinshah Abdul Wahab, Ahmed A. Elgadi
Abstract: There is an increasing demand for high quality office buildings nowadays. Occupants and developers of office buildings need to work together to create a healthy and inspiring working environment. These criteria engaged in the early stages of design can have a large impact on the performance of the finished building. This paper presents users’ perception of the general layout and adequacy of space in their office space. These features were investigated through observation and analysed data extracted from questionnaires. The aim is to investigate whether high-rise office buildings designed with a bioclimatic approach provide better working spaces than that of conventional office buildings. The assessments were made on detailed planning and the architecture of several buildings’ design approaches with the objective of consolidating perceptions on the working space and environment. The analysis shows that bioclimatic buildings are better rated than conventional buildings in terms of general layout, adequacy of space as well as flexibility of space. These factors might be connected to the size of all bioclimatic buildings, which are comparatively smaller than that of the conventional ones as well as the floor depths of all bioclimatic buildings, which are shallower than that of conventional ones. Due to these conditions, occupants in bioclimatic building are closer to the façade and might experience a better environment and space adequacy.
Authors: Yakubu Aminu Dodo, Mohd Hamdan Ahmad, Mansir Dodo, Faizah Mohammed Bashir, Suleiman Aliyu Shika
Abstract: This study presents the lessons from the vernaculars Architecture of sukur kingdom with a focus on the use of building materials as a sustainable means for solving problems facing present-day architecture in issue of sustainability; in particular the critical housing situation in the developing countries. Through a case study of the ancient vernacular Architecture of sukur the result shows that stakeholders in the construction industry could reflect on how this building materials and the techniques in operation in their region by translating it in a modern way to address those striking design problems through solving them from the masters builders.
Authors: Faten Fares Fouad, Mohamed Abdelall Ibrahim
Abstract: Nanotechnology is one of the most important key technologies of the twenty-first century while its economic impact is another subject to be recognized. Nanotechnology is an enabling technology that opens new possibilities in construction sustainability. NanoArchitecture leads to more Ecological Architecture, Smarter Architecture and zero carbon architecture through using nanotechnology, and nanomaterials. New materials are being discovered and developed everyday as a result of investigating ways to achieve molecular and atomic precision in engineering of materials. These new materials present new opportunities to solve problems related to energy in building (consumption and generation), or water treatment and air Purification….. As a result, NanoArchitecture has the ability to meet accepted environmental performance criteria and effects of global climate change.
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