Papers by Keyword: Tensile

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Authors: Ming Tian Li, Xia Ting Feng, Hui Zhou
Abstract: Based on the cellular automata of the plane truss structure, a 2D cellular automata model is presented to simulate the fracture of rock at meso-level. Cellular automata are made up of cell, states, lattice, neighbor and rule. Rock is divided into lattice in which each lattice point presents a cell. Each cell is assumed to connect with several cells, which are called as its neighbors, in virtue of truss elements. The truss elements can adopt some different simple local laws, i.e. constitutive law, which may be elastic or elastic-plastic and the simple fracture rule. It also can adopt different mechanical properties, which present their heterogeneity and anisotropy. This model can make full use of the advantages of cellular automata such as its intrinsic parallelism, localization and so on. In the meantime, as a powerful tool to analyze the nonlinear, complex system, cellular automata can be used to study the nonlinear, complex fracture process. The model is used to simulate the direct tensile of the rock plates, the complete fracture process and the stress-strain curves are attained which are accordance with the experiment.
Authors: Xin Hua Yuan, Ji Ye Wu, Yong Qiang Liu, Jun Xia Mao, Xue Tao Ou, Zhi Rui Han, Xiao Jiang
Abstract: The paper describes a novel capillary reinforced plastic which can self-repair the impact damage in polymer composites through employing a bio-mimetic approach. A epoxy resin E-51 and harder WSR706# was used as the healing agent, the two components being filled in to different directions (0°and 90° fibers). Impact test and tensile test were used as a measure of the self-healing effectiveness. The results of flexural testing have shown that strength lost after impact damage can be restored by the self-healing effect with healing agent stored in capillaries, and a significant fraction (about 79%) of lost mechanical strength is restored by this effect. At the same time, the paper also studied the morphology of fracture surface of no embedded and capillaries embedded sample. And micrographs of crack morphology which has been healed have been observed.
Authors: Nasuha Sa'ude, Mustaffa Ibrahim, Ibrahim Raman
Abstract: This paper presents the development of a new polymer-ceramic composite material for use in injection molding machine. The material consists of palm oil fly ash (POFA) in a high density polyethylene (HDPE) powder. In this study, the effect of POFA was investigated as a filler material in polymer-ceramic matrix composite and HDPE was chosen as a matrix material. The detailed formulations of mixing ratio with various combinations of the new polymer-ceramic composite are investigated experimentally. Based on the result obtained, it was found that, the weight percentage increment of POFA filler affected the flexural and hardness strength. This work represents a major development in recycling of waste material from palm oil empty fruit bunch out of the refinery to produce polymer/ceramic matrix composite.
Authors: Yan Rong Pang, Ran Liu, Ya Juan Li, Bo Han Lu, Xin Kang Xing, Wei Zhou
Abstract: Acoustic emission (AE) was used to monitor the tensile test of composites with adhesive specimens. The mechanical response behavior, damage and failure characteristics, and the corresponding AE characteristics of the composites have been investigated. The results show that the load of the join with defect in the adhesive layer is lower than the join with no defect. The higher AE relative energy and the AE amplitude were obtained in the adhesive specimen with defect in the adhesive layer whereas the variation of the AE relative energy is different from the adhesive specimen with on defect. The characteristics such as AE amplitude distribution, relative energy and cumulative hits are connected with the tensile damage and failure of the adhesively bonded single-lap joints of composite laminate. In the actual AE monitoring, these feature parameters should be considered entirely assess the damage and failure of the composites structures.
Authors: Joost Van Slycken, Patricia Verleysen, Joris Degrieck
Abstract: In this paper some highlights are presented of an integrated numerical and experimental approach to obtain an in-depth understanding of the high strain rate behavior of materials. This is illustrated by an investigation of the multiphase TRansformation Induced Plasticity (TRIP) steel. ‘Classic’ high strain rate tensile experiments using a split Hopkinson tensile bar setup are complemented with strain rate jump tests, tensile tests at elevated temperatures and interrupted experiments. High strain rate compression and three-point bending experiments are performed on the steel sheets as well. The results reveal the excellent energy-absorption properties in dynamic circumstances of TRIP steels. Advanced experimental setups using the Hopkinson principle provide indeed tools for validation of the material and structural properties of TRIP steels.
Authors: V. Mathan, S. Sheeju Selva Roji, J. Jebeen Moses
Abstract: AA2024-T4 Al substrate with and without bonded E-glass/Epoxy patches were undergone for the experimental study of tensile strength and fatigue behavior. The Al substrates were machined to edge cracked specimens. The strength of the substrate was decreased due to the presence of crack when compared with un-cracked Al substrate. The patches were made in liquid epoxy resin instead of film adhesives and it was discovered that the both static strength and fatigue life were significantly increased for bonded composite patches. Different ply patches were applied on the cracked Al substrates and it was noted that the 9ply patch demonstrated its effectiveness in preventing static failure and increasing fatigue life of the cracked substrates
Authors: Fan Xiang Zeng
Abstract: Abstract: Tensioning for Concrete cramp iron usually is controlled by two rule: controlling tensioning stress is main, measuring elongation is auxiliary. The rate of elongation value is only for checking data. In this article, the author describes that if applying mathematics theory in forecasting the tensile value of prestressing cramp iron, the estimation for the tensile value will be more accurate. By more accurate value, the elongation measuring method can become a un-auxiliary method for tensile controlling method.
Authors: Milos Milosevic, Uroš Tatić, Simon Sedmak, Jasmina Perović, Vesna Miletić
Abstract: The purpose of this paper was to determine tensile loading that leads to dental restoration failure, i.e. the critical values of stress. In order to analyze stress distribution within the restoration and tooth, mechanical properties of materials and tissues, such as Young modulus and Poissons ratio were taken into account. An additional purpose of the paper was to determine whether tensile or shear stresses that occur in the restorative composite and the surrounding enamel cause this failure. Tensile stress is caused by forces acting in the direction perpendicular to the cross-section of a given element, whereas shear stresses are caused by forces parallel to said cross section. A 3D numerical model of a tooth including three different materials (dentine, enamel and composite) was made and used for these calculations. These results will be used as a base for the physical experiment.
Authors: Daniel Achiriloaiei, Lorand Kun, Cristian Sorin Nes, Ion Dumitru
Abstract: As a key component of high-voltage power lines, aluminium clad steel reinforced (ACSR) conductors must have adequate mechanical properties that ensure running safety. This paper presents the results of experimental and theoretical analysis of spiral stranded conductors that consist of a core with two layers of steel wires and three layers of aluminium wires. Tests were performed using two ACSR conductors of the same type, one new and the other 40-year-old, used for a 220 kV power lines. In service, the conductors can be subjected to additional stresses, which may lead to accelerated deterioration and premature failure. In order to provide reliable results, the tests were performed in similar conditions and using the same equipment for both strands. Comparison of results highlighted the influence of the service time on the mechanical properties.On the other hand, the degradation was decisively influenced by the position of the layer. The mechanical properties of the aged conductor are adequate even after 40 years in service. The most advanced degradations are near the clamping area, therefore intensive inspection and maintenance are recommended.
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