Papers by Keyword: Tensile Elastic Modulus

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Authors: Jian Han, Xi Tao Gao
Abstract: The tensile mechanical properties of bamboo mat and curtain plywood(for short bamboo plywood)were studied through “electrometric method”. It was proved that in the range of elastic deformation,the Poisson′s ratio and the elastic modulus of the bamboo plywood were not constant. The Poisson′s ratio of the bamboo plywood decreased nonlinearly with the load increase that Poisson′s ratio decreased markedly when the load was less than 1kN,and decreased gently when more than 1kN.The tensile elastic modulus of the bamboo plywood also increased nonlinearly with the load increase that the tensile modulus of elasticity increased drastically when the load was less than 800N,and increased less when exceeded 800N. In the process of loading,the tensile deformation、the tensile stress and strain all increased linearly with the load increase,and the tensile stress and strain both were linearly relevant to tensile deformation.
Authors: A.A. Khaled, A.K.M. Masud, S.C. Chowdhury, S. Jannat, M. Obayedullah
Abstract: In this paper, the effects of nanotube diameter, waviness ratio and wavelength ratio on the tensile elastic modulus (TEM) of the carbon nanotube (CNT) reinforced polymer composites is investigated using a 3-D nanoscale representative volume element (RVE) based on continuum mechanics and using the finite element method (FEM). Formula to extract the effective material constant from solutions for the RVE under axial loading is derived based on the elasticity theory. Both long and short CNT embedded in the matrix are considered for investigating the effect of fiber diameter variation whereas only long wavy CNT is considered for investigating the effect of waviness and wavelength ratio variation, all at a volume fraction of 5%. First, the effects of CNT diameter on the TEM of the composite are investigated. Numerical results show that TEM of the polymer composite is influenced by tube diameter variation for both long and short CNT. Then the effects of waviness ratio and wavelength ratio on the TEM of polymer composite are investigated. Results show that both the waviness and wavelength ratio variation of CNT significantly influence the TEM of the polymer composite.
Authors: Bao Rong Huo, Xiang Dong Zhang
Abstract: The testing rule of mechanical properties of material can be established and the mechanical performance can be found by studying the basic mechanical properties of BFRP bars. Using the opressive sleeve anchor developed by the researchers,tensile tests of BFRP bars are carried out according to the national standards of “GFRP bar tensile test methods”.The BFRP bar’s force-deformation curve is linear before the force-deformation relationship is destroyed,therefore,referring to steel wire or steel cable,the BFRP bar’s reliable strength is suggested to be approximately 80% of its ultimate tensile strength. The BFRP bar’s tensile elastic modulus is related to the content of basalt fiber.The tensile elastic modulus increases with the increase of the basalt fiber’s content and the content increases when the BFRP bar’s diameter becomes longer, so the tensile elastic modulus increases with the increase of its diameter. Compared with steel, the BFRP bar is obviously superior in the aspects of tensile strength, corrosion resistance ,etc,therefore to use the BFRP bar in reinforced concrete structures insead of steel is feasible.
Authors: Zhi Wang, Wen Wen Liu, Yun Hai Du
Abstract: The tensile elastic modulus, bend elastic modulus and tensile strength of the composite materials hose were determined by uniaxial tension test and three point bending test. The specimen was first destroyed from the inner or outer layer rubber, and then the spiraled cords threads was pulled out and the specimen destroyed with irregular fracture shape. According to the test results, the flexible hose can be considered as linear elastic material because the deformation showed a linear relationship with the external load in uniaxial tension test and three point bending test. The bend elastic modulus EB is much smaller than the tensile elastic modulus ET. The calculation results used EB show a good consistency with the test result and the EB should be selected as design parameters and the design system would be more secure.
Authors: Shu Lan Su
Abstract: The square and hexagonal honeycomb materials were studied by finite element simulation of tensile test in order to calculate the elastic modulus in tension under different porosity and to analyze tensile properties affected by the pore shape of honeycomb materials. Research results show that the tensile elastic modulus of the square honeycomb is larger than the hexagonal honeycomb. The reason is that the square structure has a larger stiffness than hexagonal structure. Also, the equivalent elastic moduli of calculated values are higher than the theoretical values, because the finite element model is based on solid elements while the theoretical model is based on the Euler beam.
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