Papers by Keyword: Tensile Shear

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Authors: Prachya Peasura
Abstract: This research was to effect of electrode force on the tensile shear and nugget size of the resistance spot welding. The specimen was austenitic stainless steel 304 grade sheet metal 1.2 mm thickness. The electrode force are 1, 1.5, 2.0, 2.5, and 3.0 kN apply to the specimen. The replications in each treatment are 20 follow JIS Z 3136:1999 and JIS Z 3139:1978. Factor control, welding current 7 kA., time current flow 7 cycle and electrode tip diameter 6 mm. The welded specimens were tested by tensile shear testing according to JIS Z 3136: 1999, macro structure testing according to JIS Z 3139: 1978 and analysis results by using One-way ANOVA .The result showed that electrode force had affected on tensile shear and nugget size at 95% confidential (P value > 0.05). The low force induced the gab between specimen increasing then the current flow difficult to pass and both of gab between specimen and nugget seize had increase (Q=I2Rt). When the resistance increased so that fusion zone will have a high heating. It had affected to nugget size, heat affected zone and mechanical properties decreasing. The electrode forces are complete 2.5 kN. tensile shear 9.21 kN and nugget size 5.82 mm. The data can be applied to be used as process monitoring of resistance spot weld quality
Authors: Shamsul Baharin Jamaludin, Mohd Noor Mazlee, Muhammad Rifki Ismail, Khairel Rafezi Ahmad, Kamarudin Hussin
Abstract: Studies on the effects of welding current and cycles were carried on the galvanized steel sheets using spot welding. The welding currents used were 3 kA, 5 kA 6 kA and the welding cycles were 4, 6 and 8. Tensile shear and tensile peel load were determined on the joint of welded specimens. The results showed that the value of tensile shear load was lower than tensile peel load. The strength of the joint increased with the increasing of welding current and welding cycle used in the welding process.
Authors: Sylvain Dancette, Véronique Massardier-Jourdan, Jacques Merlin, Damien Fabrègue, Thomas Dupuy
Abstract: Advanced High Strength Steels (AHSS) are key materials in the conception of car body structures, permitting to reduce their weight while increasing their behavior in crash conditions. Nevertheless, the weldability of AHSS presents some particular aspects, in that complex failure types involving partial or full interfacial failure can be encountered more often than with conventional mild steels during destructive testing, despite high spot weld strength levels. This paper aims at characterizing the behavior of different AHSS spot welds under two quasi-static loading conditions, tensile shear and cross tension, often used in the automotive industry for the determination of their weldability. Interrupted cross tension and tensile shear tests were performed and spot welds failure was investigated with optical micrographs, SEM fractography and 3D-tomography in order to follow the three-dimensional crack paths due to the complex loading modes. A limited number of failure zones and damage mechanisms could be distinguished for all steel grades investigated. Moreover, numerical simulation of the tests was used to better understand the stress state in the weld and the influence of geometrical features such as weld size on the occurrence of the different failure types.
Authors: Shamsul Baharin Jamaludin, Mohd Noor Mazlee, Shahzan Kamarul A. Kadir, Khairel Rafezi Ahmad
Abstract: Joining of stainless steel type 304 to mild steel was carried out using a gas tungsten arc welding (GTAW). Samples were welded using stainless steel welding electrode: (AWS: E308l-16) and mild steel welding electrode: (AWS: E6013). The mechanical properties of welded joint were investigated by tension test. It was observed that, the yield strength and tensile strength of welded samples using mild steel welding electrode were slightly lower than welded samples using stainless steel welding electrode. All welded samples fractured at mild steel base metal indicated that the regions of stainless steel base metal, fusion zone and heat affected zone are stronger than mild steel base metal.
Authors: Hao Zhu, Yang Zhang, Shen Wei Yu
Abstract: The mechanics properties and fracture behaviors of 6061 aluminum alloy were investigated by the tensile shear tests and in-situ tensile shear tests with tensile shear specimen devised. The results indicate that a lot of slip bands parallel to tensile direction are produced on specimens’ surfaces. With shear strain rates increasing, the shear yield stress and shear ultimate stress of 6061 aluminum alloy remain constant basically, but the shear fracture strain decreased obviously. The grain boundaries of 6061 aluminum alloy are the weakest area and microcracks initiate at the grain boundaries parallel to tensile direction under shear stress. With shear stress increasing, the microcracks extend and coalesce. The fracture of specimens is due to coalescence or shearing between the microcracks.
Authors: Prachya Peasura
Abstract: This research was study the effect of resistance spot welding process on physical properties. The specimen was mild steel sheet metal. The experiments with full factorial design. The factors used in this study are welding current, welding time and electrode force. The welded specimens were tested by tensile shear testing according to JIS Z 3136: 1999 and macro structure testing according to JIS Z 3139: 1978. The result showed that both of welding current, welding time and electrode force had interaction on tensile shear and nugget size at 95% confidential (P value < 0.05). Factors affecting the tensile shear and nugget size are the most welding current 10,000 amp., welding time 10 cycle and electrode force 1 kN. were tensile shear 7.13 kN. and nugget size maximum 6.75 mm. This research can bring information to the foundation in choosing the appropriate parameters to resistance spot welding process.
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