Papers by Keyword: Tensile Test

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Authors: Bo Wen Zhang, Yong Da Yan, Zhen Jiang Hu, Xue Sen Zhao, Ying Chun Liang, Wei Dong Fei, Shen Dong
Abstract: As the dimensions of parts become smaller, understanding the mechanical properties of these small components was becoming more important. Till present day, the methods and technology used to investigate the deformation behavior in nanoscale were still lacking. In this paper, the specimens were single crystal copper wires with diameter in 50 microns. Atomic force microscope integrated with an in- situ tensile system were used to determine the mechanical behavior of copper wires and observe the surface topography deformation in nanoscale simultaneously. The results were as follows: the modulus of elasticity, tensile strength and failure strain of the sample were 167Gpa, 0.564GPa and 0.011, respectively. By using AFM, the separation process between the copper wire and impurities on it, such as oxide film, was observed. The nanoscale deformation process of the copper wire was also obtained.
Authors: Sofiane Terzi, Luc Salvo, Michel Suéry, Jérôme Adrien, Éric Maire, Elodie Boller
Abstract: This paper is concerned with an investigation of the deformation behaviour of an Al-Cu alloy during tensile testing in the semi-solid state. It was carried out by fast in-situ X-Ray microtomography at ESRF, Grenoble. Deformation was performed at constant velocity, which was chosen to be small enough so as not to affect the acquisition of the images. It is observed that deformation is accompanied, initially, by some liquid flow from the adjacent regions towards the deformed zone. Then pores form in the liquid films and grow until they occupy a significant part of the cross section of the specimen. Quantification of this phenomenon was carried out thus leading to a better understanding of pore formation in semi-solid mixtures.
Authors: Sang Joo Lee, Seung Min Hyun, Seung Woo Han, Hak Joo Lee, Jang Hyun Kim, Young Il Kim
Abstract: Mechanical behavior of small size materials has been explored due to many industry applications such as MEMs and semiconductors. The accurate measurements for mechanical properties of thin films are very challenge due to several technical difficulties. The proposed solution is the Visual Image Tracing (VIT) strain measurement system coupled with a micro tensile testing unit, which consists of a piezoelectric actuator, load cell, microscope and CCD cameras. This system has shown advantages of real time strain monitoring during the test and ability to measure the Young’s modulus, yiled strength and Poisson’s ratio of the material. Free standing Au films 0.5, 1 and 2 μm thick with average grain sizes of 104, 148 and 219 nm prepared by sputtering were studied using VIT system. The yield stresses of the films are dependent on film thickness and grain size.
Authors: Ming Kuen Chang, Jia Ying Lin, Yan Huei Peng, Jian Jhih You, Yu Ming Wang
Abstract: This study have used three different montmorillonite by anionic, nonionic and ammonium chloride modifier to prepare polyethylene / montmorillonite (MMT) nanocomposites. The kneading process doped modified MMT to polyethylene, according with ASTM D638 to proceed hot-press works, and ASTM D256 to determine the izod pendulum impact resistance of plastics specimen. Prepared nanocomposites continue proceed in tensile and impact testing, finally, we observed low-density polyethylene layered silicate nanocomposites properties were improved, also found that anion modified montmorillonite had significant reinforcement effect in tensile and impact testing.
Authors: Jun Tian Zhao, Yan Rui Zuo, Wei Ping Zhao
Abstract: With times of tensile tests, the tensile behavior of a kind of stainless steel at room temperature was determined. According to the results of tensile tests, some parameters of mechanical properties of the stainless steel can be obtained. Fatigue crack expansion of COD stainless steel specimens at room temperature can be simulated with the finite element software extensions.
Authors: Lorella Ceschini, Alessandro Morri, Fabio Rotundo, Tea Sung Jun, Alexander M. Korsunsky
Abstract: The aim of the present work is to evaluate the possibility of using the Linear Friction Welding (LFW) technique to produce similar and dissimilar joints between a 2024 Al alloy and a 2124Al/25vol.%SiCP composite. In this solid state joining process the bonding of two flat edged components is achieved through frictional heating induced by their relative reciprocating motion, under an axial compressive force. Microstructural characterization of the welds was carried out by optical and scanning electron microscopy, to investigate the effect of LFW both on the aluminium alloy matrix and the reinforcement particles. The mechanical behaviour of the welded specimens was studied by means of hardness and tensile tests. The mechanisms of failure were investigated by SEM analyses of the fracture surfaces. LFW joints in MMCs resulted substantially defect free, with a uniform particle distribution, while a partial lack of bonding at the corners was observed in the others welds. The hardness decreased by approximately 10% in the welded zone, with some data fluctuations due to the complex microstructural modifications introduced by the LFW process. The joint efficiency, evaluated in respect to the UTS, was 90% for the Al alloy joints and 80% for the MMC joints. A decrease in the elongation to failure was measured in all the LFW specimens, probably related to the orientation of the plastic flow in the TMAZ, where the fracture generally occurred.
Authors: Hee Jae Shin, In Pyo Cha, Min Sang Lee, Tae Ho Kim, Hyun Kyung Yun, Lee Ku Kwac, Hong Gun Kim
Abstract: The fiber is considered the most important element in fiber reinforced composite materials, as it generally occupies the largest volume in a composite material; further, delivers the heaviest loads. therefore, it is important to select types, quantity and proper stacking angles of the fiber. In this study, the fiber directions were arranged in different orientation angles, i.e. in symmetric (0°/0°,15°/15°,30°/30°,45°/45°,90°/90°) and asymmetric (0°/15°,0°/30°,0°/45°,0°/90°), to analyze the tensile strengths depending on the fiber orientation angles through the tensile test. In addition, a thermal imaging camera was used to investigate the thermal characteristics of the test specimens generated during the tensile test. the tensile strength showed a tendency of decreasing while the orientation angle increased. the maximum temperature generated when the fracture occurred increased at the fiber orientation angle of 30°, and showed a tendency of decreasing as the orientation angle increased.
Authors: Frédéric Osterstock, Olivier Vansse
Abstract: A tensile test is proposed for evaluating the stress enhanced corrosion-coefficient of ceramics with open porosity. The analysis of load at fixed grip conditions bases on the assumption that stress corrosion results in a spread of pre-existing generalised damage seen as micro-crack starter due to open porosity. Sub-critical crack extension of microcracks departs from pores and provokes a time dependant diminution of the Young’s modulus, and of the stiffness, of the tested sample. The description derives the number and the size of pre-existing micro-cracks with respect to time. The density of microcrack-nuclei results from the process and belongs to the microstructure, i.e., the number of channels or crack starters, and is considered to remain constant. The rate of diminution of the load is considered, either with respect to the initial one or to a deduced stress intensity factor. Simple relationships yield then an approximate diagram for stress enhanced corrosion. Samples resulting from sintering a mixture of alumina and titania powders were tested under tempered water flow. A stress corrosion exponent, n = 16, near to that of alumina was obtained.
Authors: Zhi Hao Wang, Yong Xiang Leng, Nan Huang, Min Hao Zhu
Abstract: Titanium oxides films were deposited on tensile sample and vascular stents made of 316L stainless steel by unbalanced magnetron sputtering. The effects of structures, deposition temperature, Ti interlayer and thickness on the adhesion of titanium oxide films were investigated by tensile tests. The results revealed that the structure of the Ti-O films affect their adhesion dramatically. TiO film is brittle and fragile, lacking ability of deformation. Therefore its adhesion was worse than that of TiO2 film. The higher substrate temperature was helpful to improve adhesion of film, the adhesion of the TiO film deposited at 673K was better than those of the TiO films deposited at 323K and 473K. The adhesion of the TiO film with Ti interlayer was better than the one without interlayer. The introduction of Ti interlayer was beneficial to adhesion of film. The adhesion of thinner TiO2 film was better than that of thicker one. TiO2 film deposited on stents had good adhesion. After expansion, the film didn’t crack and peel off. TiO2 film has potential application on the vascular stents for improving its blood compatibility.
Authors: Fang Chao Xu, Kazuhiro Kusukawa
Abstract: Lead-free piezoelectric (Bi1/2Na1/2)TiO3 (BNT) films were deposited on 1 mm thick pure titanium(Ti) substrates by a hydrothermal method. Tensile tests were performed to quantitatively assess the adhesion strength between BNT films and Ti substrates. Ti substrates were pretreated by chemical polish and mechanical polish respectively prior to BNT film deposition. In the tensile test, the behavior of BNT film exfoliation was investigated by the replica method. The critical Ti substrate strain inducing BNT film exfoliation was determined by the aid of finite element analysis (FEM). In this study, the results revealed that BNT film exfoliations were caused by the strain of Ti substrate, and the mechanical polish pretreatment improved the adhesion of BNT film to Ti substrate.
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