Papers by Keyword: Ternary Alloys

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Authors: Iwao Katayama, Toshihiro Tanaka, Shin-ichi Akai, Kisao Yamazaki, Takamichi Iida
Abstract: Activity of tin in liquid Sn-Ag-Bi alloys was derived by EMF measurement of galvanic cell with fused salts electrolyte in the temperature range of 700 to 900K in the whole composition range. Activity of tin at 900K shows very small positive deviation from Raoult’s low for Sn-Bi alloys. Activity of ternary alloys was measured along three pseudo binary systems of Sn-(Ag,Bi) (where xAg/xBi =1/3,1/1 and 3/1). Its concentration dependence is very complex. From the iso-activity curves in the ternary system excess free energy of mixing is derived using Darken’s method for Gibbs-Duhem equation
Authors: Yuan Shi Li, Yan Niu, F. Gesmundo
Authors: Tohru Takahashi, Na Liu, Yusuke Yazawa, Takuya Nunome
Abstract: Compression and compressive creep behavior was studied on Al-Ti-V ternary alloys containing gamma+beta dual phase microstructures; the gamma phase was based on an L10 face centered tetragonal lattice and the beta phase on a disordered body centered cubic lattice. Yield strength and its temperature dependence have been compared with those in the gamma and/or beta single phase materials. The ternary alloy compositions were located on one assumed conjugate line across the gamma+beta dula phase field: the terminal compositions for the gamma and beta phase constituents were Al51Ti40V9 and Al35Ti20V45, respectively (numbers in atomic %). Three other alloys were prepared that contained different fractions of the constituent gamma and beta phases. The Al47Ti35V18, Al43Ti30V27, and Al39Ti25V36 alloys contained beta phase by about 22, 57, and 76 % in their area fractions. All these alloys showed limited deformability at temperature below 900K. The 0.2% proof stresses of the alloys were described in a similar way as a combination law at the room temperature; the 0.2% proof stress increased from about 500 to 1000 MPa with increasing the vanadium content. The high strength of the alloys containing high level of vanadium retained up to 900K, but the proof stress drastically diminished as the temperature was raised above 900K. Under compressive creep tests performed at temperatures ranging from 1100 to 1200 K, the minimum creep rates were smaller in the alloys containing less vanadium, and this could be ascribed to the fact that the beta phase was much softer than the gamma phase at higher temperatures than about 1000K.
Authors: Yoshinori Murata, Shingo Sakurai, Efendi Mabruri, Toshiyuki Koyama, Masahiko Morinaga
Abstract: It is known that two main interdiffusion coefficients, ık Dii and ık Djj , as well as two cross interdiffusion coefficients, ık Dij and ık Dji , are necessary for understanding the atomic diffusion for ternary system. Here, k is the host element of ternary system, and i and j are solute elements. These four interdiffusion coefficients are obtained from a series of experiments using two kinds of ternary diffusion couples. In general, it is believed that ık Dij and ık Dji indicate the same sign to each other, but there are a lot of experimental data showing that ık Dij and ık Dji indicate opposite sign [1]. In such a case, the physical meaning of the cross interdiffusion coefficient has not always been understood thoroughly. The purposes of this study are to measure the interdiffusion coefficients by a series of experiments and to elucidate the physical meaning of the two cross interdiffusion coefficients on the basis of the consideration about the relationship between the thermodynamic functions and the cross interdiffusion coefficients. It is concluded that ık Dij exhibits the opposite sign to ık Dji without contradicting the Onsarger’s reciprocity theorem when the ( 2 2 ) c j ∂ G ∂c shows the opposite sign to ( 2 2 ) c i ∂ G ∂c . Here, c G is Gibbs free energy of the ternary system.
Authors: Marek Danielewski, Renata Bachorczyk Nagy, A. Milewska, Y. Ugaste
Authors: Z.G. Zhang, Yan Niu
Abstract: The effect of the addition of 5 and 10 at.% Cr on the oxidation of a binary Fe-10 at.% Al alloy (Fe-10Al) was studied in 1 atm O2 at 1000°C. Fe-10Al underwent a very slow initial nearly-parabolic stage followed by a breakaway composed of two subsequent parabolic stages with a smaller rate constant for the final period. The two ternary alloys (Fe-5Cr-10Al and Fe-10Cr-10Al) presented two parabolic stages with final rate constants similar to each other and much lower than that for Fe-10Al. The alumina scale developed initially on Fe-10Al was replaced later by a layered scale containing mixtures of Fe and Al oxides plus many Fe-rich oxide nodules. Fe-5Cr-10Al was mostly covered by a thin alumina layer just above the alloy surface with some Fe-rich nodules formed in the beginning of oxidation, which later on were healed by alumina with a large decrease of the oxidation rate. A continuous alumina layer formed on the whole sample surface without any Fe-rich nodule for Fe-10Cr-10Al. Therefore, the addition of chromium is obviously beneficial for the oxidation resistance of Fe-10Al by inhibiting the formation of fast-growing Fe-containing oxides and promoting the development of an exclusive alumina layer. However, the effect of chromium is different from the classical third-element effect.
Authors: U. Hecht, Victor T. Witusiewicz, A. Drevermann, B. Böttger, S. Rex
Abstract: Coupled, regular eutectic growth of α(Al) and Al2Cu from ternary Al-Cu-Ag liquid alloys is investigated with focus on the formation and the characteristics of eutectic cells in unidirectionally solidified, polycrystalline, bulk samples. The topologic anisotropy of the lamellar eutectic leads to destabilization along the lamellae with elongated cells being intermediate to stable cells, irrespective of the crystallographic orientation of the phases. The formation of stable cellular patterns with elongated or regular cell structure is explained with reference to the crystal orientation of the phases α(Al) and Al2Cu, measured by electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD).
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