Papers by Keyword: Thermoelastic Stress Analysis

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Authors: Pasquale Cavaliere, Francesco W. Panella, Antonio Squillace
Abstract: Al-Li alloys are characterized by a strong anisotropy in mechanical properties and microstructure with respect to the rolling direction. Plates of 2198 Al-Li alloy were friction stir welded by employing maximum rotation speed: 1000 rev/min and welding speed of 80 mm/min, both in parallel and orthogonal directions with respect to the rolling one. The joints mechanical properties were evaluated by means of tensile tests at room temperature. In addition, fatigue tests performed with a resonant electro-mechanical testing machine under constant amplitude control up to 250 Hz loading, were conducted in axial control mode with R(σmin/σmax)=0.33, for all the welding and rotating speed conditions. The fatigue crack propagation experiments were performed by employing single edge notched specimens.With the aim to characterize the weld performances, both the microstructure evolution at jointed cross sections, related to the welding variables, and the fractured surfaces were respectively analyzed by means of optical and scanning electron microscopy.
Authors: Xun Liu, Jun Yan Liu, Jing Min Dai
Abstract: This paper describes a theoretical and experimental analysis on full-filed stress distribution from thermoelastic measurements and its application to determination of stress concentration. The sum of the principal stress can be measured by Thermal Stress Analysis (TSA). Lock-in Thermography has been applied to measure the sum of principal stress distribution of component structure by its high thermal resolving. In this study, Finite element method is used to calculate the sum of principal stress distribution, and the thermoelastic effect model is developed to study the relationship between the temperature deviation and the applied stress in an elastic material. Experiments were carried out with ANSI 7071 high strength aluminum alloys ply and ones with a crack under cyclic load. The thermoelastic constant is obtained for ANSI 7071 high strength aluminum alloys materials. The stress concentration factor is calculated for a ply with modeling crack under the condition of different loads. The experiment was carried out with high strength aluminum alloys component structure with rivet joints. The experimental results show the stress distribution can be measured and analyzed the contact stress distribution between ply and rivet by using Lock-in thermography. It was found that the structure stress can be evaluated with good accuracies by the lock in thermography.
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