Papers by Keyword: Three-Dimensional FEM

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Authors: Yu Wang, Peng Wang, Hong Min Pen, Yu Fu Li, Xian Li Liu
Abstract: Experiment of hard cutting GCr15 with PCBN cutting tools, the influence of tool’s inclination angle and cutting parameters (cutting speed and feed speed) on cutting forces and cutting temperature are studied. A three-dimensional finite elements model using the commercial software Deform 3D 5.03 is developed. The friction between the tool and the chip is assumed to follow a modified Coulomb friction law and the adaptive remeshing technique is using for the formation of chip. The workpiece material property is a function of temperature, strain, and strain rate in the primary and secondary shear zones. Finite element method is used to simulate three-dimensional precision cutting, including orthogonal cutting and oblique cutting. The cutting forces and back forces are slightly changed by tool’s inclination angle. However, in high cutting speed, the cutting force decrease as the tool’s inclination angle increase, while the cutting temperature increase as the tool’s inclination angle increase. The simulation results are compared with experimentally measured data and found to be in good agreement to some extent.
Authors: Bin Zhao, Xiao Dong Wang
Abstract: A two-dimensional electroelastic model of embedded piezoelectric actuators was proposed to study the coupled electromechanical behaviour of a thin piezoceramic actuator embedded in an elastic host structure under applied stresses. Interfacial normal and shear stresses for both plane stress and plane strain deformations were calculated to evaluate the actuation effects transferred from the actuator to the host structure. Three dimensional analyses were also conducted using the finite element method to validate the present model by comparing the two results for specific examples. It was observed that the current model provided reasonable prediction of the load transfer by the actuator.
Authors: Hui Xiong, Shou Ping Shang, Liang Huang
Abstract: Combined with the respective advantages in S-R(Sway-Rocking) impedance concept and finite-element method, a simplified 3D structural dynamic FEM considering composite pile-group-soil effects is presented. The structural members including piles are modeled by spacial beam or shell elements, and raft-base is divided into thick-shell elements with its spring-dashpot boundary coefficient obtained by impedance backcalculated. The mass-spring elements for soil between piles are set to simulate vertical, horizontal pile-group effects by strata-equivalent approach. The soil beside composite body is separated into near-field and far-field parts. The former is modeled by nonlinear spring-dashpot elements based on Winkler’s hypothesis, while the latter is modeled by a series of linear mass-spring-dashpots. With the effects of boundary track forces and energy radiation, the presented model enables researchers to conduct the time-domain nonlinear analysis in a relatively simple manner which avoids sophisticated boundary method and solid-element mesh bringing with tremendous computational cost. The seismic effect on dynamic interaction of pile-soil-complicated structures would be efficiently annotated from two structural engineering and geotechnical engineering aspects and the numerical calculation effort would be drastically decreased too. The complete procedure is mainly performed using the parametric design language assembled in the Finite Element Code Ansys. With the dynamic analysis of foundation and superstructure for a pile-supported 15-storey building, the influence of the participant effect on structural dynamic response will be depicted by various dynamic parameters of pile-soil-raft foundation in detail. Not only do the results have an agreement with some conclusions drawn by the general interaction theory, but also certain of phenomena which would be disagree with that by general analysis is involved. Even with the finite-element meshes for 68 piles, the time-history analysis procedure for PGSS (Pile-Group-Soil-Superstructure) system and the qualitative evaluation with various SSI parameters can be also fulfilled efficiently and rapidly by presented means. These results may be of help to the designers to quickly assess the significance of interaction effect for the high-rise buildings resting on any type or layout of pile-group foundation.
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