Papers by Keyword: TiN

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Authors: Xin Tan, Yu Qing Li, Xue Jie Liu
Abstract: With a motivation to understand microscopic aspects of TiN relevant to the electronic structure, phonon and thermal properties of transition metal nitride TiN superlattices, we determine its electronic structure, phonon spectra and thermal properties using first-principles calculations based on density functional theory with a generalized gradient approximation of the exchange correlation energy. We find that the electronic bands crossed by EF are half occupied, TiN has the ability of taking part in chemical reactions and also has the surface activity; A large gap in its phonon spectra, anomalies in the phonon dispersion of metallic TiN, manifested as dips in acoustic branches, but it do not contain soft modes in any direction; The specific heat (Cv) of TiN rises rapidly at low temperatures, the Cv values of the material, is identical to the Dulong-Petit value at high temperatures. Under the quasi-harmonic approximation (QHA), the thermal expansion, specific heat and bulk modulus B(T) are obtained, and the B(T) decreases along with the increase of temperature.
291
Authors: Ming Xia Xu, Bin Li, Yong Long Xu, Wei Xia Pei, Guan Hu Wang
Abstract: In this paper, we focus on the problem of how to study ground fissure hazards in 3D way, and establish the 3D model of ground fissure. We mainly solve the expression of spatial distribution characteristics and principle of ground fissure in the digital environment. Projection-Deviation method is adopted to establish the 3D model of an arbitrary ground fissure with an inclination angle according to the actual situation. This method has been verified in Xi'an area, the satisfactory results have been obtained. The research achievement provides a new development tendency for studying ground fissure hazards.
1157
Authors: Jadesada Rujisomnapa, Surasak Surinphong, Pornwasa Wongpanya
Abstract: The objective of this research is to study wear behaviors of TiN, nanolaminated AlCrN and nanocomposite TiAlSiN coated on cemented carbide end mill deposited by cathodic arc physical vapor deposition methods in comparison with uncoated end mill. Wear behaviors were investigated by nanoindentation hardness test, scratch test and cutting test. Oxidation test was also done in air at temperatures of 700°- 900°C in order to evaluate resistance of oxidation. In the nanoindentation hardness and scratch tests, nanocomposite TiAlSiN coating exhibited higher hardness than TiN and nanolaminated AlCrN coatings. The nanolaminated AlCrN coating represented the highest adhesion ability in terms of critical load and the lowest coefficient of friction in comparison with the TiAlSiN and TiN coatings, respectively. The cutting performance, represented in terms of maximum flank wear as a function of cutting length, was found to be highest in the AlCrN coating. Oxides of these coatings, i.e., TiO2 for TiN, TiO2 for TiAlSiN and Cr2O3 for AlCrN, generated at different temperatures of 700°, 800° and 900°C, respectively. From all of results, it is obvious that the AlCrN coating exhibited more excellent wear resistance and oxidation resistance than the uncoated end mill, TiN coating and TiAlSiN coating.
858
Authors: Jia Liu, Wei Bo Li, Yao Hua Chen, Lin Dong
Abstract: This paper researched the cutting algorithm on the basis of the stratigraphic Tin model. Different from the traditional grid cutting method which was a single plane cut, the paper designed a polygon prisms cutting method for simulating geological boundary and mining boundary by the interactive analysis of the stratum model. This method improved on partitioning the triangle nets and reconstructing the stratum, which was able to realize cutting stratigraphic with the arbitrary polygonal prisms. Finally, the test result showed the cut graphics by the method of polygon prisms cutting stratum model in OpenGL 3d graphics library.
58
Authors: E. Ayas, Alpagut Kara, Ferhat Kara
Abstract: An effective approach for preparing electrically conductive SiAlON-TiN composites was developed. Granules of a designed composition of α- SiAlON was obtained by spray drying and coated with varying amounts of TiO2 powder homogenously by mechanical mixing. Fully dense composites were obtained by spark plasma sintering (SPS) under a pressure of 50 MPa at 1650°C for 5min. According to the SEM analysis, unique microstructures containing continuously segregated in-situ formed TiN phase in 3-D were achieved. Additionally, XRD studies revealed that all TiO2 was successfully converted to TiN. The resistivity of the α-β SiAlON (1x1011 .m) was drastically reduced with the addition of only 5 vol. % TiO2 (2x10-4 .m).
243
Authors: Hong Tao Chu, Jin Qiu Zhang, Mao Zhong An
Abstract: A bright tin coating was prepared by electrodeposition method in the electroplating system of methanesulfonic acid. The effects of methylsulfonic acid concentration, main salt concentration, current density and brightener on brightness of coating were investigated by orthogonal experiment. A plating process of bright tin was confirmed: concentration of methylsulfonic acid: concentration of Sn2+: current density: 2.5A/dm2, dosage of brightener: at the same time, current efficiency, throwing power, covering power and electrochemical behavior for the process were inspected systematically. And the coatings are characterized by X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD) and scanning electron microscope (SEM).
1744
Authors: George G. Totir, Mahmoud Khojasteh, Ronald Nunes, Emanuel I. Cooper, Matthew Kern, Kim van Berkel, Makonnen Payne, Ronald Dellaguardia, Bang To, Siegfried Maurer
Abstract: An all-wet process based on a novel chemistry has been developed to enable the removal of high-dose implanted photoresist in the presence of exposed metal layers and other materials typical of advanced gate stacks.
101
Authors: Chuan Liang Cao, Xiang Lin Zhang, Hai Yang Wang
Abstract: TiN coating is often coated on fine blanking tools made of with the powder metallurgy high speed steel S790 by Multi-arc ion plating. The phase variation, residual stress and microhardness of TiN coatings were respectively analyzed by X-Ray Diffraction(XRD) and Vickers hardness tester in this research. The result shows that: there is obvious preferred orientation in the crystal surface (1 1 1) and (2 2 2) of TiN coating, the residual stress of TiN coating ranges from -2 347 MPa to -1 920 MPa, and that of the substrate from -154.9 MPa to -69.21 MPa, both of which decrease with the increasing of coating thickness. The TiN coating on the S790 substrate was annealed at temperature 500°C for one hour. It was revealed that the stress state of TiN coating was better and thus the properties of the TiN coating were improved.
1306
Authors: Ya Ling Qiu, Shi Bin Li, Wei He, Chuan Jun Han
Abstract: Composite membranes of TiN, WC/C and TiAlN+WC are successfully prepared by means of magnetron sputtering. An analysis of the membranes’ hardness, surface topography and chemical composition indicates that the composite membrane have a greater hardness, and are compact in structure and uniform in texture. A abrasion test is conducted by applying the three membranes respectively to tricone bit bearings, and then a comparison made between them and non-membrane tricone bit bearing leads to the finding that tricone bit bearing with TiAlN+WC/C composite membrane has the highest abrasion resistance, with a dramatic increase of 30%~40%.
62
Authors: Yan Li, Jing Pei Xie, Hui Wu Yu, Wen Yan Wang, Xin Hai Shao, Luo Li Li, Ai Qin Wang, Ji Wen Li
Abstract: Mn18Cr2 steel is one of austenitic deformation strengthening steel. The existing form of TiN and its influence on the austenitic structure in the steel by adding small amounts of TiN nanoparticles are discussed in this study, which may provide some advices to explore new way to strengthen high manganese steel. The microstructures of Mn18Cr2 steel added small amounts of TiN nanoparticles are observed by Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM). The results show that TiN nanoparticles exist in austenite and there have a very good match interface between the two phases, the crystal face relationship are {220}γ//{220}N, {422}γ//{422}N, (111)γ //(200)N , orientation relationship are <110>γ// <110>N, <211>γ//<211>N, [112]γ // [011]N, moreover, the relationship of (111)γ and (200)N is not only parallel but also coherent. Meanwhile, there are many high density dislocations, a small amount of stacking faults, twins and ε-martensite in the austenite due to the role of TiN nanoparticles.
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