Papers by Keyword: Torsional Fatigue

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Authors: Shu Mei Li, Jian Jun Yang, Wei Dong Zhang, August Chang, Cai Xia Zhang, Yong Zhan Gao, Ming Liang Wu, Xue Feng Wu, Min Xia Li, Jian Qi Zhang
Abstract: Premature fracture of an axle under torsional load occurred after a tracked military tank had experienced field testing for only 80 kilometers. Visual metallographic examinations were performed with optical microscope (OM) and scanning electron microscope (SEM). The investigation demonstrates that the premature fracture is caused by metallurgical problems inside the axle where the primary and secondary cracks originate, propagate, and eventually result in final catastrophic rupture through torsional fatigue. The failure mechanism is summarized and improvement of the fatigue lifetime for the axle is recommended.
Authors: Cong Ling Zhou, Shinichi Nishida, Nobusuke Hattori
Abstract: This study is developed to investigate the effect of monotonic plastic deformation on the torsional fatigue properties of a structural steel. Five different kinds of tensile pre-strain, 2%, 5%, 8%, 12% and 22%, were applied to the specimens, respectively. And the maximum pre-strain value is near to the necking strain of the test material. The effects of tensile pre-strain on surface hardness, fatigue crack initiation and propagation behaviors, and the behavior of non-propagating cracks. The main results obtained are: The fatigue limits are 145, 160,175, 200 and 215MPa for specimens with tensile pre-strain of 2% 5%, 8%, 12% and 22%, which are improved to 104%, 114%, 125%, 143% and 153% of the fatigue limit for non-pre-strained specimens, respectively. The torsional fatigue limit increases with the tensile pre-strain increasing, until the pre-strain value being near to the necking strain ratio. However, the fatigue limit increase becomes more slowly for high tensile pre-strained specimens than the lower ones. The fatigue cracks of the tensile pre-strained specimens initiated earlier than that of the non-pre-strained specimens, and the propagation is also accelerated, but there is no effect on the fatigue crack initiation point and the branch point. Non-propagating crack length becomes shorter with increasing of tensile pre-strain until the value near the necking strain, and the quantity of non-propagating crack increases at the same time.
Authors: Shinichi Nishida, Nobusuke Hattori, Cong Ling Zhou, Akihiro Uchisako
Abstract: This paper is aimed to investigate the effect of roller working on the torsional fatigue properties of a typical low carbon steel referring by the resutls of FEM analysis. Three types of specimens had been prepared with plastic deformation value of 0, 0.5 and 1.0mm, respectively. The main results obtained in this study are as follows: (1) The torsional fatigue strength of roller-worked specimen with 1.0mm plastic deformation is increased more than twice of that of non-rollerworked specimens. (2) Surface hardness of roller worked specimen is much higher than that of the non-roller worked one, and compressed and elongated structure is formed at the notch bottom of the specimen. (3) Crack length along the axial direction of roller worked specimens is longer than that of the non-roller worked specimen, and plural cracks initiated and propagated in the roller worked specimens. (4) The residual stress distribution at the specimen’s notch bottom was analysed using FEM analysis and it is verified the same tendency as the experimental results.
Authors: Cong Ling Zhou
Abstract: In this study, fatigue tests have been performed using two kinds of specimens made of 25 steel. One is pre-strained specimen with pre-strain ratio changing from 2% to 8% by tension, the other is roller worked with deformation of 0.5 mm and 1.0 mm in diameter direction. In the case of pre-strained specimen, the fatigue limit increases according to increase of tensile pre-strain, the fatigue limit of 8% pre-strained specimen is 25% higher than that of non-pre-strained one; in the case of roller worked specimen, the fatigue limit of R05 and R10 is 126% and 143% to that of non-roller worked specimen, respectively. These remarkable improvements of fatigue limit would be caused by the existence of compressive residual stress, work-hardening and the elongated microscopic structures.
Authors: Priya A. Manohar
Abstract: This paper describes the failure investigation of a tubular shaft that is part of a hammer drill assembly. The failure investigation was particularly challenging as the fracture surfaces were completely damaged during and subsequent to the failure process. However, careful examination of the component and its assembly revealed many clues that pointed to the root causes of failure. It was determined that the shaft was subjected to impact, fatigue, bending and torsional loads simultaneously at elevated temperatures. The basic failure mode was identified as a combination of torsional fatigue and rotating bending fatigue failure that originated on the inside diameter of the shaft. The root causes were determined to be operational overload in combination with rough machining marks on the bore surface and higher than necessary operating torque required to overcome the dry adhesive friction in the system. The preventative measures recommended were many-fold including improving surface finish on the bore diameter, reducing dry sliding friction, decreasing the overall level of dynamic loads by appropriate design changes and adding a surface strengthening heat treatment
Authors: D.G. Hattingh, M.N. James, Luca Susmel, Roberto Tovo
Abstract: The aim of the present research is to investigate the fatigue behaviour of friction stir (FS) welded tubular joints in aluminium alloy subjected to torsional fatigue loading. To manufacture the samples which were tested, an MTS I-STIR process development system was equipped with a retracting tool specifically designed for these tubular welds. Al 6082-T6 FS welded samples were tested under cyclic torsion with a nominal shear stress ratio equal to-1 and 0. The test data show that, strictly speaking, the presence of non-zero mean shear stresses has a detrimental effect on the overall torsional fatigue strength of the FS welded joints. However, the reanalysis discussed in the present paper suggests that, from a statistical point of view, any detrimental effect is small. This means that fatigue assessment under torsional fatigue loading of these FS welded tubular connections can be performed with little loss of accuracy by neglecting the presence of non-zero mean shear stresses.
Authors: Cong Ling Zhou, Shinichi Nishida, Nobusuke Hattori
Abstract: Structural steel is widely used in engineering even in nowadays and many new materials have been developed or are under developing. As one of the most common type, torsional fatigue properties are normally calculated from the rotating bending fatigue properties. In this study, the torsional fatigue properties of a structural carbon steel (S45C) with different tensile pre-strain ratio is investigated, especially on the effects of Mode II crack before it branches under different stress amplitudes. Based on the experimental results and microstructure observation, the main results obtained are: (1)Torsional fatigue strength is increased after tensile pre-strain deformation, and the fatigue limits increase with increasing of tensile pre-strain ratio, the highest improvement can be up to 125% of that of the plain specimen. (2) Torsioanl fatigue cracks initiate from the torsional slip lines in ferrite grains, and there is no obvious effect by the tensile pre-strain. With increasing of tensile pre-strain ratio, the fatigue crack initiation life ratio becomes later and the growth rate becomes faster. (3) The mode II crack length along the axial direction becomes longer with increasing of tensile pre-strain ratio, and the crack branch direction does not affected by the tensile pre-strain. Moreover, the length along axial direction is not affected by the stress amplitude change for specimens with the same tensile pre-strain ratio. (4) The length of non-propagating crack becomes shorter with increasing of tensile pre-strain ratio.
Authors: Zuheir Barsoum
Abstract: In this paper three-dimensional welding simulations were carried out in FE software ANSYS in order to predict transient temperatures and the residual stresses in a three pass welded tubular joints. The thermal analysis and the moving heat source were verified with temperature measurements and the computed residual stresses were verified with hole drilling measurements. Then residual stress relaxation analyses were carried out on the tubular structure, with similar load cases as in earlier fatigue testing on the same tubular joint structures.
Authors: Cong Ling Zhou, Shinichi Nishida, Nobusuke Hattori, Wen Xian Sun
Abstract: This study was focused on the effects of pre-strain on the torsional fatigue properties of three kinds of medium carbon steels, including the fatigue strength, surface hardness, microstructure, and the crack initiation and propagation behaviors. The effect of pre-strain on the non-propagating cracks was also discussed. The main results obtained in this test are as follows: 1) the fatigue limits increase with the increasing of tensile pre-strain ratio for all kinds of the test materials; 2) under certain stress amplitude, with the increasing of tensile pre-strain ratio, the fatigue crack initiates a little earlier and propagates faster; 3) the length of non-propagating crack decreases with the increasing of tensile pre-strain ratio.
Authors: Ning Bai, Xu Chen, Xin Li
Abstract: A series of torsional fatigue tests were conducted on 63Sn-37Pb and Sn-0.7Cu solders. A continuous load drop was observed during the test. It was found that the load drop percentage had little effect on the elastic strain-life curve but strong effect on the plastic strain-life curve. The fatigue strength coefficient, fatigue strength exponent and fatigue ductility exponent had no great changes with the load drop. However, fatigue ductility coefficient showed a great difference and was linearly varying with load drop. A fatigue criterion of Coffin-Manson type was proposed in relation to load drop. The descending curve of the stress range with cycle was observed to consist of transient, steady state and tertiary regions. The percentage of load drop corresponding to the turning point from the steady state to the tertiary region was about 25% for all strain ranges of 63Sn-37Pb, and 30% for all strain ranges of Sn-0.7Cu. The torsional fatigue lives were correlated with von Mises equivalent strain amplitudes well. The fatigue behavior of Sn-0.7Cu is better than that of 63Sn-37Pb.
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