Papers by Keyword: Ultra-Precision Turning

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Authors: Ying Cheng, Feng Zhou Fang, Xiao Dong Zhang, Xiao Tang Hu
Abstract: The solar concentrator is the primary means of solving the contradiction between cost and photoelectric conversion efficiency. The design and fabrication of concentrator are the key techniques to accelerate the application of photovoltaic systems. A novel type of composite concentrator is designed, including two mirrors and one planar lens. The primary mirror focuses the sunlight on the secondary condenser, which is one multi-segmented cone mirror to produce homogenization on the solar cell. The selection strategy of structure parameters is analyzed by the numerical calculation methods. The concentration ratio and homogenization on the receiving surface are also obtained using the optical simulation method. The designed mirrors are fabricated by the ultra-precision turning method, and then assembled according to the location parameters designed. The proposed methods are proved to be satisfied with the solar application efficiently by the experiments.
Authors: Yan Ling Tian, Da Wei Zhang, Hong Hui Ruan
Abstract: In order to implement dynamic control during ultrapre cision turning operation, a piezo-electrically driven fast tool servo is developed. The parallel flexure hinge is utilized to guide the moving platform and to provide preload. A high resolution capacitive sensor is used to measure the displacement of the fast tool servo for closed loop control. With consideration of the driving circuit, the dynamic model of the fast tool servo has been established. The effect of the driving circuit on the dynamic response of the fast tool servo is investigated. The experimental tests have been carried out to verify the established model and the performance of the fast tool servo.
Authors: Ying Fei Ge, Jiu Hua Xu
Abstract: The wear pattern and its mechanisms of Single Crystal Diamond (SCD) tool has been investigated experimentally and theoretically during ultra-precision turning of SiC particle-reinforced aluminum matrix composite. The results showed that micro wear, chipping, peeling, abrasive wear and chemical wear were the dominating wear patterns of SCD tools. Coupled with XRD analysis on the machined surface and Raman studies on the flank wear land of SCD tool, it was pointed that the combined effects of abrasive wear of SiC particles and catalysis of copper in the aluminum matrix have caused the severe graphitization.
Authors: Christina Brandt, Jenny Niebsch, Jost Vehmeyer
Abstract: In order to manufacture optical components or mechanical parts with high surface roughness requirements, diamond machining is used. To achieve the desired surface quality, the understanding of the surface generation process and its influencing parameters is important. Here, the crucial parameter is the residual unbalance of the main spindle. As the residual un-balance affects the process and vice versa, the investigation of the process-machine interaction is necessary. In this paper we present a model describing this interaction between dynamical unbalances that occur during the machining process and the engine-shaft structure at the example of an ultra-precision turning lathe. This model allows the determination of the achievable surface quality of a workpiece for a given balancing state. On the other hand we will present a mathematical method to solve the corresponding inverse problem of computing the necessary residual balancing state and balancing weights for a given desired or given measured surface quality.
Authors: Ming Hai Wang, Ze Sheng Lu
Abstract: According to the size effect theory established on the concept of geometrically necessary dislocations and results of nano-indentation experiments, a novel brittle-ductile mechanism of ultra-precision turning of single crystal silicon is proposed. The accurate critical chip thickness is firstly calculated on the basis of theoritical analysis. A macro-micro cutting model is created based on the brittle-ductile transition mechanism. Finally, the results of study are testified through experiments.
Authors: Shao Hui Yin, Zhi Qiang Xu, Jian Wu Yu
Abstract: Stainless steel; Aspheric mould; Ultra-precision turning; Magnetorheological polishing Abstract. The ultra precision turning and the inclined-axis type of magnetorheological polishing were introduced for the small aspheric mould of stainless steel. The method was based on the principle of two kinds of processing methods, and the processing feature of stainless steel material. Firstly, the ultra-precision turning was employed to shape aspheric surface rapidly and obtain a relatively good surface. And then, the inclined-axis type of magnetorheological polishing as the final finishing was used to decrease sub-surface damage to obtain better precision. Several of experiments were carried out, the experimental results show that surface roughness can be achieved for Ra 0.0073μm.
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