Papers by Keyword: Ultra-Wideband (UWB)

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Authors: Wen Li, Jun Jun Wang, Yan Chao Sun, Xian Chao Meng
Abstract: A compact and simple ultra-wideband microstrip-fed planar antenna with double bandstop characteristic is presented. The antenna consists of a rectangular monopole and two W-shaped slots inserted into the radiating patch and the truncated ground plane. By using a W-shaped slot defected ground structure (DGS) in the feedline, a stopband of 800 MHz (from 5.1 to 5.9 GHz) for band rejection of wireless local area network (WLAN) is achieved. To obtain the other stopband (from 3.7-4.4 GHz), a same shaped slot is etched into the monopole. Moreover, the two stopbands can be controlled by adjusting the length of the slot respectively. The simulation results show that the designed antenna, with a compact size of 38.5 mm×42.5 mm, has an impedance bandwidth of 2.811 GHz for voltage standing wave ratio (VSWR) less than 2, besides two frequency stopbands of 3.74.4 GHz and 5.15.9 GHz. Moreover, the main features including omnidirectional H-plane radiation patterns and the appropriate impedance characteristic are achieved by beveling the radiating patch and the microstrip-fed line of the proposed antenna.
Authors: Ming Hua Gao
Abstract: An ultra-wide band planar monopole antenna is presented in this paper. This antenna uses a pentagonal patch as radiation unit and is fed by a microstrip line. The relevant simulation is performed by using Ansoft HFSS. The return loss curve and the radiation patterns of this new antenna are given. And the effect of the size of the various parts of the antenna on the reflection loss is analyzed. Experimental results show that the proposed antenna provides an ultra-wide bandwidth (1.70~12.90 GHz) for return loss less than -10dB (VSWR<2). It is suitable for current ultra-wide band communication systems.
Authors: Fen Lan Li, Hua Wen, Zhe Min Zhuang
Abstract: In this paper, in order to solve the problem that the sampling rate in ultra-wideband (UWB) channel estimation is too high, we discuss the applicability of Bayesian Compressive Sensing (BCS) used in UWB channel estimation. We solve the problem by using the time domain sparse of the impulse response of the UWB channel and establishing the probability model of the Compressive Sensing (CS) measurement. We accomplish the channel estimation by optimizing maximum a posteriori (MAP) of the channel. The simulation results show that the proposed scheme needs a very low sampling rate to recover the channel accurately. And the BCS algorithm has a better performance than the basis pursuit (BP) algorithm and the traditional least square (LS) algorithm in bit error rate (BER).
Authors: Ying Qing Xia, Jia Luo
Abstract: A novel monopole patch antenna with very simple structure to fabricate on a printed circuit board is proposed to operate from 3.05 to 11.8GHz for UWB application. Ellipse technique is used to optimize its main parameters when an improvement of its compact profile is achieved. The designed antenna has miniature total volume of 18.6mm×18mm×1mm, and quasi-omnidirectional pattern in the X-Y plane across the major bandwidth.
Authors: Xue Rong Cui, Li Zhang, Hao Zhang, T. Aaron Gulliver
Abstract: This paper presents a novel location algorithm for Ultra-Wideband (UWB) wireless communication based on Time Of Arrival (TOA) measurements. The traditional algorithm and mean value algorithm are compared with the proposed high probability algorithm in a three-dimensional (3D) indoor environment. The IEEE802.15.4a channel model is considered with Line-of-Sight (LOS) and Non-Line-Of-Sight (NLOS) propagation conditions, models CM1 and CM2, respectively. Performance results are presented which verify that the proposed algorithm can provide improved accuracy and robustness compared to other algorithms, particularly in poor channel environments.
Authors: Sheng Hang Wang, Kuang I Chang, Jyun Long Chen, Mu Yu Tsai, Bor Nian Chuang
Abstract: Radar sensors like ultra-wideband Doppler radar sensors may be utilized as a vibration sensing device in a restricted area for railroad monitoring. As long as something or someone enters the restricted area, the alert signals will be sent to the control center or train driver to stop the moving train and prevent accidents. Combining with visual monitor system, the radar sensors may compensate for the insufficient information under poor lighting, fogging, or raining environment. The simulations and experimental results supported its feasibility in a railroad system. The feasibility of further radar application is also discussed.
Authors: Zhong Liang Deng, J.M. Huang, B.H. Ding
Abstract: An ultra-wideband (UWB) band-stop filter (BSF) has been designed with flat responses at a selected frequency by cascading the unit electromagnetic bandgap (EBG) structures in this paper. The BSFs fabricated by the surface micromachining process have immense potential to compactness and low cost. The BSFs are constructed with comb-like EBG structures on a coplanar-waveguide (CPW) and have been investigated numerically. The simulation result of the BSF is demonstrated to have a good performance on its work band. It reveals a 20 dB stopband with a bandwidth of 6.8GHz. The pass-band insertion loss is less than 1.7dB.
Authors: Shu Ai Gong, Zhe Xin Xu, Lin Wang
Abstract: In this paper, a new channel model through ultra-wideband (UWB) communication for vehicle detection system (VDS) is proposed. The Gauss 2st derivative function is used as the transmitted signal and the received signal is evaluated. The main objective of this work is to provide an analytical approach for obtaining the main parameters under new channel through the bodywork structure properties. The characteristic of the RMS delay spread is discussed in this paper.
Authors: Cheng Peng Liu, Jian Gang Shi, Zheng Rong He, Wei Zou
Abstract: a novel configuration for a novel ultra wideband switch is presented in this paper. This switch using 0.5um GaAs process in ADS2008 simulator. Switch should be designed to trade-off insertion loss, isolation, bandwidth, and return loss. The aims of design are to provide low insertion loss along with high isolation. The design using integration inductor and resistor in parallel, and this switch exhibits high performance: over DC-10.6GHz, insertion loss is lower than-1.624dB; the ripple variation of insertion loss is less than ±0.25dB; The isolation is lower than-51.336dB; input return loss is lower than-16.402dB; on state, output return loss is lower than-15.919dB; off state, output return loss is lower than-18.294dB; on and off time are less than 4ns.
Authors: Fahim Rahman, Prodyut Das, Md. Forhad Hossain, Sazzaduzzaman Khan, Rajib Chowdhury
Abstract: In this paper, we have presented the design and performance evaluation of a 10GHz 32nm-CNTFET IR-UWB transmitter for inter-chip wireless transmission. We have designed the transmitter using a VCO-based high speed clock generator and a positive and a negative monocycle Gaussian pulse generator. RF compatible Carbon Nano-Tube Field Effect Transistors (CNTFETs) have been used as the building blocks of the oscillator and the logic gates. The final design has resulted to a 7-channel-SWNT CNTFET-based transmitter for optimum 10GHz data rate with a promising 650mV pulse amplitude and only 1.069mW power consumption with a -32.27dB output. This transmitter can also operate satisfactorily upto 15GHz. The results show promising superiority over existing transmitters regarding high data rate, low power loss and high pulse amplitude.
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