Papers by Keyword: Ultrafine Grain Size

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Authors: Ling Jiang, Maria Teresa Pérez-Prado, Oscar A. Ruano, M.E. Kassner
Abstract: The bond strength of ultrafine grained Zr with a grain size of 0.4 µm, fabricated by accumulative roll bonding (ARB), was assessed. The shear strength of the bond was estimated to be about 20% of the shear fracture strength of the as processed metal, a ratio significantly higher than that found in other materials processed by similar methods. The favorable degree of bonding achieved is attributed to the high ductility of Zr as well as to the high reductions used during the ARB process.
Authors: Kun Xia Wei, Wei Wei, Qing Bo Du, Jing Hu
Abstract: Usually the heat treatment in the cyclic ARB passes is indispensable to reduce work-hardening effects and improve interface bonding quality. The possibility of accelerating grain refinement of aluminum sheets with a dimension of 300 mm×50 mm×1 mm is investigated during the ARB process at room temperature, in which the samples are rotated by 180 degree around normal plane axis perpendicular to the rolling plane between the adjacent cycles. By means of optical microscopy and transmission electron microscopy, it shows that the bonding interfaces can not obviously observed after five cycles, and grains are refined to be ~0.5 μm. Tensile tests show the ARB samples exhibit strain hardening behavior after yielding without a sudden fracture even up to seven cycles of ARB. The softening behavior and enhanced ductility was explained by dynamic recovery, the recrystallization process and even abnormal large grains.
Authors: Ji Guang Li, Hai Liang Huang, Shang Wu Zeng, Jia Li Cao, Tie Jun Wang
Abstract: The microstructure evolution laws of ultrafine grained metastable automobile steels was studied in this paper by laser confocal scanning microscope, EBSD, XRD and TEM. Results showed that, the matrix organizations of hot-rolled steel were lath martensite and deformation ferrite, and there were a little of retained austenite film and lath between the lath martensite. After heat treatment, the matrix organizations of steel were ultrafine ferrite and retained austenite. The retained austenite transformed into martensite and ε-martensitic in the deformation process, and the strength and plasticity of steel were improved. A lot of retained austenite were obtained in the annealing process. The TRIP effects by the large fraction of metastable austenite and the ultrafine grain size add to the test steel with high strength and high plasticity.
Authors: Jie Shi, Wen Quan Cao, Han Dong
Abstract: In this study a C-Mn High Strength Low Alloy steel (HSLAs) was processed by quenching and austenite reverted transformation during annealing (ART-annealing), which results in an ultrafine grained duplex microstructure characterized by scanning electron microscopy equipped with electron back scattered diffraction, transmission electron microscopy and x-rays diffraction (SEM/EBSD, TEM and XRD). Microstructural observation revealed that the full hard martensitic microstucture gradually transformed into ultrafine grained duplex structure with austenite volume fraction up to 30% at specific annealing conditions. Mechanical properties of this processed steel measured by uniaxial tensile testing demonstrated that an excellent combination of strength (Rm~1GPa) and total elongation (A5~40%) at 30% metastable austenite condition in studied C-Mn-HSLAs. This substantially improved strength and ductility were attributed to the strain induced phase transformation of retained austenite dispersed throughout the ultrafine grained microstructure. At last it is proposed that ART-annealing is a promising way to produce high strength and high ductility steel products.
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