Papers by Keyword: Undercooling

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Authors: Kai Fan, Feng Liu, Bao Quan Fu, Wen Zhong Luo, Yao He Zhou
Abstract: In order to study the precipitaion of Ni3Si particle in undercooled Ni-Si alloy, calorimetric analyses were carried out using non-isothermal measurements by DSC. The scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and the transmission electron microscopy (TEM) measurements were used to describe qualitatively and quantitatively the precipitate microstructures. The non-isothermal DSC thermograms exhibited one reaction peaks and it indicated that the precipitation process is an exothermic reaction. The evolution for the precipitate was obtained in the as-solidified Ni-Si alloy subjected to DT=195K, meanwhile, the precipitate size was found increased with decreased heating rate in the TEM images. The largest precipitate size was about 120nm, and the precipitates still kept spherical shape. Model prediction for the precipitation of Ni3Si particle has been performed. Good agreement with experimental data has been achieved
Authors: Livio Battezzati, Marcello Baricco, Alberto Castellero, P. Perotto, Paola Rizzi
Authors: Dieter Herlach
Abstract: An undercooled melt possesses an enhanced free enthalpy that enables to crystallize metastable solids in competition with their stable counterparts. Crystal nucleation selects the crystallographic phase whereas the growth dynamics controls microstructure evolution. We apply containerless processing such as electromagnetic and electrostatic levitation to containerlesss undercool and solidify metallic melts. Heterogeneous nucleation on container-walls is completely avoided leading to large undercooling with the extra benefit that the freely suspended drop is direct accessible for in situ observation of crystallization far away from equilibrium. Results of investigations of maximum undercoolability on pure zirconium are presented showing the limit of maximum undercoolability set by the onset of homogeneous nucleation. Rapid dendrite growth is measured as a function of undercooling by a high-speed camera and analysed within extended theories of non-equilibrium solidification. In such both supersaturated solid solutions and disordered superlattice structure of intermetallics are formed at high growth velocities. A sharp interface theory of dendrite growth is capable to describe the non-equilibrium solidification phenomena during rapid crystallization of deeply undercooled melts.
Authors: K. Nagashio, Hitoshi Takamura, Kazuhiko Kuribayashi
Authors: Zeng Yun Jian, Kazuhiko Kuribayashi, Wan Qi Jie
Abstract: The images of the growing crystal in the growth process of the undercooled droplets of silicon were lively recorded by using a high-speed camera. The number of crystal that nucleated spontaneously from the undercooled liquid was found to decrease to 1 when the undercooling was higher than 5K. The morphology of the growing single crystal of silicon was a thin plate. A model for predicting the critical undercooling of growing single crystal of silicon from undercooled liquid has been developed. The theoretically predicted value of the undercooling from present model for silicon is in agreement with the experimentally measured result.
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