Papers by Keyword: Wet Spinning

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Authors: Qing Shan Kong, Chun Xiang Guo, Bing Bing Wang, Quan Ji, Yan Zhi Xia
Abstract: In this paper, ferric alginate fibers was prepared by wet spinning of sodium alginate into a coagulating bath containing ferric chloride. The carbon-supported nanoscale zero-valent iron fibers (CSNZVIF) were obtained through thermal degradation of ferric alginate fiber at 900°Cunder N2 atmosphere. The product was characterized by field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), X-ray power diffractometer (XRD), and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface area. It was found that zerovalent iron particles were well dispersed in the amorphous carbon fibers. CSNZVIF has high surface areas of 352 m2/g. The existence of carboxylic group and hydroxyl group in ferric alginate structure unit plays key role in the formation of carbon-supported nanoscale zero-valent iron fibers. Fe3+ was reduced to Fe0 by hydroxyl group and as-formed amorphous carbon during heating under N2. This thermal degradation and self-reduction reaction of ferric alginate fiber is potentially scalable to large production and continuous processing for preparing CSNZVIF.
Authors: Bing Hua Guo, Yu Dong Ren, Lei Chen, Jun Rong Yu, Jing Zhu, Zu Ming Hu
Abstract: A polyimide fiber derived from benzophenone-3,3’,4,4’-tetracarboxylic acid dianhydride (BTDA), toluene diisocyanate (TDI) and 4,4’-methylenebis (phenyl isocyanate) (MDI) has been prepared by wet spinning. The chemical structure of the synthetic polyimide was characterized by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectrometry. Also, field emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM) was used to observe the surface and cross-section morphologies of the resulting fibers. In addition, the obtained fibers possessed good thermal and thermo-oxidative stabilities with the initial degradation temperatures in air and nitrogen 499°C and 527°C, respectively. In order to obtain the optimized processing conditions, orthogonal design was applied. An optimal parameter combination was determined which leaded to maximum of tensile strength . As evidenced by variance analysis, the tensile strength of resultant fibers was influenced by negative draw ratio of spinneret remarkably making it the significant factor.
Authors: Wei Xia, Heng Xue Xiang, Wen Ping Chen, Yan Li, Wei Chen, Li Jun Chen, Jie Zhao, Mei Fang Zhu
Abstract: Cellulose is a good bio-based material for rich resources and recyclability. Paraffin is widely used in the field of energy storage and temperature regulation due to its excellent heat storage properties and mature preparation technology. In this paper, the cellulose fibers with energy storage and temperature regulation were prepared by wet spinning process using paraffin as phase change material. Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscope (FE-SEM), X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) and Thermal Gravimetric Analysis (TGA) were utilized to characterize the morphology structure, crystalline properties, phase transition properties and heat resistance of fibers and so on. The results showed that the fiber surface without holes and paraffin was uniformly distributed in the cellulose matrix, and paraffin was not easily overflow during the process of phase change. Paraffin and cellulose substrate had good compatibility due to the interaction of hydrogen bonding, and 30% of paraffin did not cause a significant impact on the degree of crystallinity and thermal stability of cellulose fibers. Enthalpy of the resultant functional fibers could reach 27.44 J/g, and the thermal decomposition temperature was over 300 °C. The fibers possessed the phase change ability and certain mechanical properties. Furthermore, it was found that the fibers still had good resistance to washing under extreme conditions.
Authors: Yin Liu, Xin Li, Jing Chun Lü
Abstract: The composite conductive fibers based on poly (3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)-polystyrene sulfonic acid (PEDOT-PSS) blended with polyacrylonitrile (PAN) were prepared via a conventional wet spinning process. The influences of PEDOT-PSS content on the electrical conductivity, thermal stability and mechanical properties of the composite fibers were investigated. The fiber with 1.83 wt% PEDOT-PSS showed a conductivity of 5.0 S/cm. The breaking strength of the fibers was in the range of 0.36-0.60 cN/dtex. The thermal stability of the PEDOT-PSS/PAN composite fibers was similar to but a slightly lower than the pure PAN. The XRD results revealed that both pure PAN and the PEDOT-PSS/PAN composite fibers were amorphous phase, and the crystallization of the latter was lower than the former.
Authors: Yuan Lian, Jian Yi Wu, Da Peng Zhou, Hong Mei Wang, Dian Wu Huang, Yu Hong Huang
Abstract: Alginate fibre has attracted great attention in the area of biological medical materials due to its unique biological properties. But its low tenacity greatly hinders its application area. Therefore, the preparation technology of alginate fibre has been as an important research direction in this area in recent years. The purpose of this article is to prepare the calcium alginate fibre with good properties by wet spinning. The structure and properties of this fibre are analyzed by scanning electron microscope,infrared spectrometer,thermal gravimetric analyzer and DSC.
Authors: Qing Shan Kong, Quan Ji, Jian Yu, Yan Zhi Xia
Abstract: Alginate calcium fibers were prepared through wet spinning with good tensile strength which can be used for cloth materials. The morphology, mechanical property and combustion property of alginate calcium fibers were investigated. Blending yarns and textile of alginate calcium fibers and combed cotton was fabricated with good hand feeling and strength. Alginate salt fiber was prepared with wet spinning machine designed according to viscose fiber spinning machine. The diameter of alginate calcium fibers was about 10-15µm in diameter with smooth surface. The tensile strength of alginate salt fiber was larger than 4.8 cN in the dry state. The value of Limited Oxygen Index (LOI) of alginate calcium fibers was 34%. The average heat release rates (HRR) of the alginate fiber is about 21 kW/m2 which was much lower than that of most synthetic and natural fibers analysized with Cone. Alginate calcium fibers is an inherent flame-retardant fiber.
Authors: Quan Chen, Rui Xu, Da Hu Yao
Abstract: A novel method for the preparation of the chelating fiber with amine as functional group has been investigated. Poly (N-vinylformamide/acrylonitrile) solution was directly spun into fiber via a wet-spinning. The as-spun fiber was then hydrolyzed into poly(vinylamine/acrylonitrile)fiber in acidic condition. The morphology and properties of the fiber were determined by SEM, TGA and Tensile Strength Tester. The results indicated that the chelating fiber has a good adsorption ability of Cu2+, high thermal stability and appropriate mechanical properties.
Authors: Xiao Wu, Xin Hua Liu, Cui E Wang, Wei Chao Lv, Hong Zhang Li
Abstract: Modified polyurethane fiber was prepared by wet spinning method, Different amount of chitosan powder that dissolving in polyurethane solution to get spinning solution were examined. This materials presents excellent adsorption capacity on Pb2+. the absorption type on Pb2+ of this modified fibers was monomolecular. The modified fibers get the maximum adsorption 25.53mg/g when the quality ratio of chitosan and polyurethane was 1:1 under the condition of 30°C and pH 6.
Authors: Zhao Huan Zhang, Run Jun Sun, Mei Yu Chen, Cheng Kun Liu
Abstract: As a key stage in wet spinning, compacting process served as a connection between spin and post treatment, it has significant influence on the performances of polyacrylonitrile (PAN) fiber. In this paper, the influences of temperature, time and tension on the compacting process and performance of fibers were studied. The test shows that the suitable compacting process condition is 110°C for 90s with a higher shrinkage ratio. With increasing shrinkage ratio, density and breaking elongation raise, but orientation and breaking strength decrease. To obtain better effect of compacting process, loss of orientation and breaking strength can hardly be avoided; it can be compensated by secondary draw in post process.
Authors: De Zeng Xu, Ting Zhao, Zhi Chao Liu, Lu Nan Bai, Jing Guo
Abstract: Aspartic acid hydrochloride ionic liquid ([Asp]Cl) was successfully synthesized from aspartic acid powder and 36% hydrochloric acid. The derivative of chitosan cyanoethyl chitosan was prepared by acrylonitrile and alkali chitosan at room temperature. Structures of ionic liquid and cyanoethyl chitosan were characterized by FT-IR. Crystalline properties of cyanoethyl chitosan were characterized by XRD. Cyanoethyl chitosan was dissolved in [Asp]Cl ionic liquid aqueous solution and subjected to wet spinning. The mechanical properties of cyanoethyl chitosan fibers were tested by type LLY-06 electronic single fiber strength tester, and the surface morphology of fibers were observed by microscope. The results show that the maximum breaking strength of fiber was 2.212CN/dtex when the concentration of cyanoethyl chitosan was 6.5% relativing to 3% ionic liquid and the coagulating bath temperature was 30°C.
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