Papers by Keyword: Zirconia Crown

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Authors: Li Xian Zhang, Rui Li, Yu Niu, Yu Xiao Liu
Abstract: To explore the effect of thickness on the fracture strength and failure modes of zirconia crowns, four crown models with different thickness (1.2 mm, 1.0 mm, 0.8 mm, 0.6 mm) with the same shape were designed by Dental Designer software in CAD/CAM system. They were manufactured to 40 zirconia crowns by CAM carving machine. The fracture strength and the failure modes of each crown was measured, while porcelain fused to metal (PFM) crowns as control. The average fracture strength of different zirconia crowns were recorded as below: 1308.38 ± 111.38 N (Group 0.6 mm), 1841.60 ± 68.21 N (Group 0.8 mm), 2429.88 ± 315.03 N (Group 1.0 mm), 3068.31 ± 233.88 N (Group 1.2 mm). There was no significant difference between Group 1.0 mm and Group 1.2 mm (P > 0.05), and statistical significance was obtained among every other two groups (P < 0.05). The failure modes of different thickness zirconium crowns are similar. There are more broken pieces from thicker crowns compared to thinner ones. It is concluded that the thickness can influence the fracture strength of zirconia crown. With the increase of the thickness, the fracture strength of the zirconium crowns also increases. We recommend zirconia crowns thicker than or at least 1.0 mm in dental practice.
Authors: O.E. Puntsag, E.K. Bae, Jae Hoon Lee, Keun Woo Lee
Abstract: This study evaluated the marginal fit of CAD-CAM Zirconia cores with different proximal height. Thirty Zirconia cores and ten metal ceramics crowns were used to evaluate the marginal gap. The marginal fit was determined to be perpendicular to the tooth axis between the most apical point on the coping margin (core) and the reference marks on the mesial, distal, labial, and palatal surfaces of the die at several key stages of crown fabrication; before porcelain built-up, after body porcelain built-up, and after glazing. Additionally, an opaque stage for the metal ceramic copings was compared as well. Each measurement was carried out with a microscope. The means of gaps among the groups were 58±27 -m, 69±23 -m, 89±29 -m and 80±28 -m, groups I, II, III and IV, respectively. In relation to the proximal and labiopalatal surfaces there were no statistical difference among the groups, except group I. No significant differences were observed in firing stages of all groups. The findings of this study showed that the mean marginal gap of Zirconia cores with different proximal heights fell well within the acceptable clinical ranges.
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