Near earth surface can be seen as viscoelastic medium. It’s important to collect VSP seismic signal in near-surface.This paper proposed plan designed for VSP seismic data acquisition system based on virtual instrument technology. This design applied the characteristic that the virtual instrument technology has strong capability in single processing and more abundant, distinct expression to VSP acquisition system. This design makes the acquisition system simple, expand easily. And it provides a practical and useful testing tool to logging exploration of near surface project.