Concrete filled steel tube (CFT) structure has advantages of the high tensile strength and ductility of steel in addition to the high compressive strength and stiffness of concrete. This research proposes a new CFT column-CFT beam frame structure. In order to validate the cost performance of the new CFT column-CFT beam frame structure, designs were carried out for building frames using both the new CFT column-CFT beam frame structure and conventional steel frame structure. The amount of consumed materials and cost estimations of each designed new CFT and conventional steel building frame are analyzed and compared. The result shows that the new CFT column-CFT beam frame structure is able to exhibit high cost performance than conventional steel frame structure.