Aim is designing the indexing rotation worktable, used for machine process indexing rotation. in this paper introduced two kind of working method of rotation worktable, indexing rotation and circle feeding. Particularly discuss structure compose, drive fashion, transmission mechanism ,orientation clamp mechanism, working principle, indexing rotation action course, about swing hydraulic motor indexing mechanism, rack piston hydraulic cylinder indexing mechanism and hydraulic cylinder Geneva wheel indexing mechanism. through analysis and compare, summarize advantage and disadvantage of the three mechanisms, supply reference for designing and selecting indexing mechanism. the new is used hydraulic cylinder Geneva wheel mechanism to indexing rotation worktable.