In this paper, topography feature of the diamond grinding wheel under the diamond stylus elliptical ultrasonic vibration assisted dressing was studied experimentally. The results indicate that: the increase in dressing power of elliptical ultrasonic vibration will result in the increase in amplitude, and that can increase abrasive protrusion height of the dressing grinding wheel, and also increase the depth of chip pocket. With the increase of feed rate, surface peak and valley values of elliptical ultrasonic vibration dressing grinding wheel increase, that is the average protrusion height of abrasive grain increases. With the increase of dressing depth, surface peak and valley values of elliptical ultrasonic vibration dressing grinding wheel increases, while the number of static effective abrasive grain reduces. In comparison with the ordinary dressing grinding wheel, elliptical ultrasonic assisted dressing in the same parameters can bring about more static effective abrasive grain , more uniform abrasive distribution, a higher abrasive protrusion height and more chip space.